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authorDavid Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>2012-05-11 10:56:56 +0100
committerDavid Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>2012-05-11 10:56:56 +0100
commit233e4735f2a45d9e641c2488b8d7afeb1f377dac (patch)
treed273536aaea91cf4817dd305450f327ebb37059f
parent65d87fe68abf2fc226a9e96be61160f65d6b4680 (diff)
KEYS: Permit in-place link replacement in keyring list
Make use of the previous patch that makes the garbage collector perform RCU synchronisation before destroying defunct keys. Key pointers can now be replaced in-place without creating a new keyring payload and replacing the whole thing as the discarded keys will not be destroyed until all currently held RCU read locks are released. If the keyring payload space needs to be expanded or contracted, then a replacement will still need allocating, and the original will still have to be freed by RCU. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
-rw-r--r--include/keys/keyring-type.h2
-rw-r--r--security/keys/gc.c2
-rw-r--r--security/keys/keyring.c95
3 files changed, 58 insertions, 41 deletions
diff --git a/include/keys/keyring-type.h b/include/keys/keyring-type.h
index 843f872a4b63..cf49159b0e3a 100644
--- a/include/keys/keyring-type.h
+++ b/include/keys/keyring-type.h
@@ -24,7 +24,7 @@ struct keyring_list {
unsigned short maxkeys; /* max keys this list can hold */
unsigned short nkeys; /* number of keys currently held */
unsigned short delkey; /* key to be unlinked by RCU */
- struct key *keys[0];
+ struct key __rcu *keys[0];
};
diff --git a/security/keys/gc.c b/security/keys/gc.c
index 27610bf72195..adddaa258d50 100644
--- a/security/keys/gc.c
+++ b/security/keys/gc.c
@@ -148,7 +148,7 @@ static void key_gc_keyring(struct key *keyring, time_t limit)
loop = klist->nkeys;
smp_rmb();
for (loop--; loop >= 0; loop--) {
- key = klist->keys[loop];
+ key = rcu_dereference(klist->keys[loop]);
if (test_bit(KEY_FLAG_DEAD, &key->flags) ||
(key->expiry > 0 && key->expiry <= limit))
goto do_gc;
diff --git a/security/keys/keyring.c b/security/keys/keyring.c
index d605f75292e4..459b3cc347f2 100644
--- a/security/keys/keyring.c
+++ b/security/keys/keyring.c
@@ -25,6 +25,11 @@
(keyring)->payload.subscriptions, \
rwsem_is_locked((struct rw_semaphore *)&(keyring)->sem)))
+#define rcu_deref_link_locked(klist, index, keyring) \
+ (rcu_dereference_protected( \
+ (klist)->keys[index], \
+ rwsem_is_locked((struct rw_semaphore *)&(keyring)->sem)))
+
#define KEY_LINK_FIXQUOTA 1UL
/*
@@ -138,6 +143,11 @@ static int keyring_match(const struct key *keyring, const void *description)
/*
* Clean up a keyring when it is destroyed. Unpublish its name if it had one
* and dispose of its data.
+ *
+ * The garbage collector detects the final key_put(), removes the keyring from
+ * the serial number tree and then does RCU synchronisation before coming here,
+ * so we shouldn't need to worry about code poking around here with the RCU
+ * readlock held by this time.
*/
static void keyring_destroy(struct key *keyring)
{
@@ -154,11 +164,10 @@ static void keyring_destroy(struct key *keyring)
write_unlock(&keyring_name_lock);
}
- klist = rcu_dereference_check(keyring->payload.subscriptions,
- atomic_read(&keyring->usage) == 0);
+ klist = rcu_access_pointer(keyring->payload.subscriptions);
if (klist) {
for (loop = klist->nkeys - 1; loop >= 0; loop--)
- key_put(klist->keys[loop]);
+ key_put(rcu_access_pointer(klist->keys[loop]));
kfree(klist);
}
}
@@ -214,7 +223,8 @@ static long keyring_read(const struct key *keyring,
ret = -EFAULT;
for (loop = 0; loop < klist->nkeys; loop++) {
- key = klist->keys[loop];
+ key = rcu_deref_link_locked(klist, loop,
+ keyring);
tmp = sizeof(key_serial_t);
if (tmp > buflen)
@@ -383,7 +393,7 @@ descend:
nkeys = keylist->nkeys;
smp_rmb();
for (kix = 0; kix < nkeys; kix++) {
- key = keylist->keys[kix];
+ key = rcu_dereference(keylist->keys[kix]);
kflags = key->flags;
/* ignore keys not of this type */
@@ -426,7 +436,7 @@ ascend:
nkeys = keylist->nkeys;
smp_rmb();
for (; kix < nkeys; kix++) {
- key = keylist->keys[kix];
+ key = rcu_dereference(keylist->keys[kix]);
if (key->type != &key_type_keyring)
continue;
@@ -531,8 +541,7 @@ key_ref_t __keyring_search_one(key_ref_t keyring_ref,
nkeys = klist->nkeys;
smp_rmb();
for (loop = 0; loop < nkeys ; loop++) {
- key = klist->keys[loop];
-
+ key = rcu_dereference(klist->keys[loop]);
if (key->type == ktype &&
(!key->type->match ||
key->type->match(key, description)) &&
@@ -654,7 +663,7 @@ ascend:
nkeys = keylist->nkeys;
smp_rmb();
for (; kix < nkeys; kix++) {
- key = keylist->keys[kix];
+ key = rcu_dereference(keylist->keys[kix]);
if (key == A)
goto cycle_detected;
@@ -711,7 +720,7 @@ static void keyring_unlink_rcu_disposal(struct rcu_head *rcu)
container_of(rcu, struct keyring_list, rcu);
if (klist->delkey != USHRT_MAX)
- key_put(klist->keys[klist->delkey]);
+ key_put(rcu_access_pointer(klist->keys[klist->delkey]));
kfree(klist);
}
@@ -749,24 +758,16 @@ int __key_link_begin(struct key *keyring, const struct key_type *type,
/* see if there's a matching key we can displace */
if (klist && klist->nkeys > 0) {
for (loop = klist->nkeys - 1; loop >= 0; loop--) {
- if (klist->keys[loop]->type == type &&
- strcmp(klist->keys[loop]->description,
- description) == 0
- ) {
- /* found a match - we'll replace this one with
- * the new key */
- size = sizeof(struct key *) * klist->maxkeys;
- size += sizeof(*klist);
- BUG_ON(size > PAGE_SIZE);
-
- ret = -ENOMEM;
- nklist = kmemdup(klist, size, GFP_KERNEL);
- if (!nklist)
- goto error_sem;
-
- /* note replacement slot */
- klist->delkey = nklist->delkey = loop;
- prealloc = (unsigned long)nklist;
+ struct key *key = rcu_deref_link_locked(klist, loop,
+ keyring);
+ if (key->type == type &&
+ strcmp(key->description, description) == 0) {
+ /* Found a match - we'll replace the link with
+ * one to the new key. We record the slot
+ * position.
+ */
+ klist->delkey = loop;
+ prealloc = 0;
goto done;
}
}
@@ -780,7 +781,7 @@ int __key_link_begin(struct key *keyring, const struct key_type *type,
if (klist && klist->nkeys < klist->maxkeys) {
/* there's sufficient slack space to append directly */
- nklist = NULL;
+ klist->delkey = klist->nkeys;
prealloc = KEY_LINK_FIXQUOTA;
} else {
/* grow the key list */
@@ -813,10 +814,10 @@ int __key_link_begin(struct key *keyring, const struct key_type *type,
}
/* add the key into the new space */
- nklist->keys[nklist->delkey] = NULL;
+ RCU_INIT_POINTER(nklist->keys[nklist->delkey], NULL);
+ prealloc = (unsigned long)nklist | KEY_LINK_FIXQUOTA;
}
- prealloc = (unsigned long)nklist | KEY_LINK_FIXQUOTA;
done:
*_prealloc = prealloc;
kleave(" = 0");
@@ -862,6 +863,7 @@ void __key_link(struct key *keyring, struct key *key,
unsigned long *_prealloc)
{
struct keyring_list *klist, *nklist;
+ struct key *discard;
nklist = (struct keyring_list *)(*_prealloc & ~KEY_LINK_FIXQUOTA);
*_prealloc = 0;
@@ -875,10 +877,10 @@ void __key_link(struct key *keyring, struct key *key,
/* there's a matching key we can displace or an empty slot in a newly
* allocated list we can fill */
if (nklist) {
- kdebug("replace %hu/%hu/%hu",
+ kdebug("reissue %hu/%hu/%hu",
nklist->delkey, nklist->nkeys, nklist->maxkeys);
- nklist->keys[nklist->delkey] = key;
+ RCU_INIT_POINTER(nklist->keys[nklist->delkey], key);
rcu_assign_pointer(keyring->payload.subscriptions, nklist);
@@ -889,9 +891,23 @@ void __key_link(struct key *keyring, struct key *key,
klist->delkey, klist->nkeys, klist->maxkeys);
call_rcu(&klist->rcu, keyring_unlink_rcu_disposal);
}
+ } else if (klist->delkey < klist->nkeys) {
+ kdebug("replace %hu/%hu/%hu",
+ klist->delkey, klist->nkeys, klist->maxkeys);
+
+ discard = rcu_dereference_protected(
+ klist->keys[klist->delkey],
+ rwsem_is_locked(&keyring->sem));
+ rcu_assign_pointer(klist->keys[klist->delkey], key);
+ /* The garbage collector will take care of RCU
+ * synchronisation */
+ key_put(discard);
} else {
/* there's sufficient slack space to append directly */
- klist->keys[klist->nkeys] = key;
+ kdebug("append %hu/%hu/%hu",
+ klist->delkey, klist->nkeys, klist->maxkeys);
+
+ RCU_INIT_POINTER(klist->keys[klist->delkey], key);
smp_wmb();
klist->nkeys++;
}
@@ -998,7 +1014,7 @@ int key_unlink(struct key *keyring, struct key *key)
if (klist) {
/* search the keyring for the key */
for (loop = 0; loop < klist->nkeys; loop++)
- if (klist->keys[loop] == key)
+ if (rcu_access_pointer(klist->keys[loop]) == key)
goto key_is_present;
}
@@ -1061,7 +1077,7 @@ static void keyring_clear_rcu_disposal(struct rcu_head *rcu)
klist = container_of(rcu, struct keyring_list, rcu);
for (loop = klist->nkeys - 1; loop >= 0; loop--)
- key_put(klist->keys[loop]);
+ key_put(rcu_access_pointer(klist->keys[loop]));
kfree(klist);
}
@@ -1161,7 +1177,8 @@ void keyring_gc(struct key *keyring, time_t limit)
/* work out how many subscriptions we're keeping */
keep = 0;
for (loop = klist->nkeys - 1; loop >= 0; loop--)
- if (!key_is_dead(klist->keys[loop], limit))
+ if (!key_is_dead(rcu_deref_link_locked(klist, loop, keyring),
+ limit))
keep++;
if (keep == klist->nkeys)
@@ -1182,11 +1199,11 @@ void keyring_gc(struct key *keyring, time_t limit)
*/
keep = 0;
for (loop = klist->nkeys - 1; loop >= 0; loop--) {
- key = klist->keys[loop];
+ key = rcu_deref_link_locked(klist, loop, keyring);
if (!key_is_dead(key, limit)) {
if (keep >= max)
goto discard_new;
- new->keys[keep++] = key_get(key);
+ RCU_INIT_POINTER(new->keys[keep++], key_get(key));
}
}
new->nkeys = keep;

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