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authorDaniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>2017-03-11 01:31:19 +0100
committerThomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>2017-03-12 11:19:29 +0100
commit2c4ea6e28dbf15ab93632c5c189f3948366b8885 (patch)
parent40c50c1fecdf012a3bf055ec813f0ef2eda2749c (diff)
x86/tlb: Fix tlb flushing when lguest clears PGE
Fengguang reported random corruptions from various locations on x86-32 after commits d2852a224050 ("arch: add ARCH_HAS_SET_MEMORY config") and 9d876e79df6a ("bpf: fix unlocking of jited image when module ronx not set") that uses the former. While x86-32 doesn't have a JIT like x86_64, the bpf_prog_lock_ro() and bpf_prog_unlock_ro() got enabled due to ARCH_HAS_SET_MEMORY, whereas Fengguang's test kernel doesn't have module support built in and therefore never had the DEBUG_SET_MODULE_RONX setting enabled. After investigating the crashes further, it turned out that using set_memory_ro() and set_memory_rw() didn't have the desired effect, for example, setting the pages as read-only on x86-32 would still let probe_kernel_write() succeed without error. This behavior would manifest itself in situations where the vmalloc'ed buffer was accessed prior to set_memory_*() such as in case of bpf_prog_alloc(). In cases where it wasn't, the page attribute changes seemed to have taken effect, leading to the conclusion that a TLB invalidate didn't happen. Moreover, it turned out that this issue reproduced with qemu in "-cpu kvm64" mode, but not for "-cpu host". When the issue occurs, change_page_attr_set_clr() did trigger a TLB flush as expected via __flush_tlb_all() through cpa_flush_range(), though. There are 3 variants for issuing a TLB flush: invpcid_flush_all() (depends on CPU feature bits X86_FEATURE_INVPCID, X86_FEATURE_PGE), cr4 based flush (depends on X86_FEATURE_PGE), and cr3 based flush. For "-cpu host" case in my setup, the flush used invpcid_flush_all() variant, whereas for "-cpu kvm64", the flush was cr4 based. Switching the kvm64 case to cr3 manually worked fine, and further investigating the cr4 one turned out that X86_CR4_PGE bit was not set in cr4 register, meaning the __native_flush_tlb_global_irq_disabled() wrote cr4 twice with the same value instead of clearing X86_CR4_PGE in the first write to trigger the flush. It turned out that X86_CR4_PGE was cleared from cr4 during init from lguest_arch_host_init() via adjust_pge(). The X86_FEATURE_PGE bit is also cleared from there due to concerns of using PGE in guest kernel that can lead to hard to trace bugs (see bff672e630a0 ("lguest: documentation V: Host") in init()). The CPU feature bits are cleared in dynamic boot_cpu_data, but they never propagated to __flush_tlb_all() as it uses static_cpu_has() instead of boot_cpu_has() for testing which variant of TLB flushing to use, meaning they still used the old setting of the host kernel. Clearing via setup_clear_cpu_cap(X86_FEATURE_PGE) so this would propagate to static_cpu_has() checks is too late at this point as sections have been patched already, so for now, it seems reasonable to switch back to boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PGE) as it was prior to commit c109bf95992b ("x86/cpufeature: Remove cpu_has_pge"). This lets the TLB flush trigger via cr3 as originally intended, properly makes the new page attributes visible and thus fixes the crashes seen by Fengguang. Fixes: c109bf95992b ("x86/cpufeature: Remove cpu_has_pge") Reported-by: Fengguang Wu <fengguang.wu@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net> Cc: bp@suse.de Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: netdev@vger.kernel.org Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Cc: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: lkp@01.org Cc: Laura Abbott <labbott@redhat.com> Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org Link: http://lkml.kernrl.org/r/20170301125426.l4nf65rx4wahohyl@wfg-t540p.sh.intel.com Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/25c41ad9eca164be4db9ad84f768965b7eb19d9e.1489191673.git.daniel@iogearbox.net Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
1 files changed, 1 insertions, 1 deletions
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/tlbflush.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/tlbflush.h
index 6fa85944af83..fc5abff9b7fd 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/tlbflush.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/tlbflush.h
@@ -188,7 +188,7 @@ static inline void __native_flush_tlb_single(unsigned long addr)
static inline void __flush_tlb_all(void)
- if (static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PGE))
+ if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PGE))

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