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authorTejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>2017-02-22 15:41:24 -0800
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2017-02-22 16:41:27 -0800
commit510ded33e075c2bd662b1efab0110f4240325fc9 (patch)
tree9199fa1031aac4fcf633ae89a01233a8988e23fc
parentbc2791f857e1984b7548d2a2de2ffb1a913dee62 (diff)
slab: implement slab_root_caches list
With kmem cgroup support enabled, kmem_caches can be created and destroyed frequently and a great number of near empty kmem_caches can accumulate if there are a lot of transient cgroups and the system is not under memory pressure. When memory reclaim starts under such conditions, it can lead to consecutive deactivation and destruction of many kmem_caches, easily hundreds of thousands on moderately large systems, exposing scalability issues in the current slab management code. This is one of the patches to address the issue. slab_caches currently lists all caches including root and memcg ones. This is the only data structure which lists the root caches and iterating root caches can only be done by walking the list while skipping over memcg caches. As there can be a huge number of memcg caches, this can become very expensive. This also can make /proc/slabinfo behave very badly. seq_file processes reads in 4k chunks and seeks to the previous Nth position on slab_caches list to resume after each chunk. With a lot of memcg cache churns on the list, reading /proc/slabinfo can become very slow and its content often ends up with duplicate and/or missing entries. This patch adds a new list slab_root_caches which lists only the root caches. When memcg is not enabled, it becomes just an alias of slab_caches. memcg specific list operations are collected into memcg_[un]link_cache(). Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170117235411.9408-7-tj@kernel.org Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Reported-by: Jay Vana <jsvana@fb.com> Acked-by: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov@tarantool.org> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
-rw-r--r--include/linux/slab.h3
-rw-r--r--mm/slab.h15
-rw-r--r--mm/slab_common.c59
-rw-r--r--mm/slub.c1
4 files changed, 53 insertions, 25 deletions
diff --git a/include/linux/slab.h b/include/linux/slab.h
index a0cc7a77cda2..af1a5bef80f4 100644
--- a/include/linux/slab.h
+++ b/include/linux/slab.h
@@ -556,6 +556,8 @@ struct memcg_cache_array {
* used to index child cachces during allocation and cleared
* early during shutdown.
*
+ * @root_caches_node: List node for slab_root_caches list.
+ *
* @children: List of all child caches. While the child caches are also
* reachable through @memcg_caches, a child cache remains on
* this list until it is actually destroyed.
@@ -573,6 +575,7 @@ struct memcg_cache_params {
union {
struct {
struct memcg_cache_array __rcu *memcg_caches;
+ struct list_head __root_caches_node;
struct list_head children;
};
struct {
diff --git a/mm/slab.h b/mm/slab.h
index a08f01016a3f..9631bb27c772 100644
--- a/mm/slab.h
+++ b/mm/slab.h
@@ -201,6 +201,11 @@ void __kmem_cache_free_bulk(struct kmem_cache *, size_t, void **);
int __kmem_cache_alloc_bulk(struct kmem_cache *, gfp_t, size_t, void **);
#if defined(CONFIG_MEMCG) && !defined(CONFIG_SLOB)
+
+/* List of all root caches. */
+extern struct list_head slab_root_caches;
+#define root_caches_node memcg_params.__root_caches_node
+
/*
* Iterate over all memcg caches of the given root cache. The caller must hold
* slab_mutex.
@@ -300,9 +305,14 @@ static __always_inline void memcg_uncharge_slab(struct page *page, int order,
}
extern void slab_init_memcg_params(struct kmem_cache *);
+extern void memcg_link_cache(struct kmem_cache *s);
#else /* CONFIG_MEMCG && !CONFIG_SLOB */
+/* If !memcg, all caches are root. */
+#define slab_root_caches slab_caches
+#define root_caches_node list
+
#define for_each_memcg_cache(iter, root) \
for ((void)(iter), (void)(root); 0; )
@@ -347,6 +357,11 @@ static inline void memcg_uncharge_slab(struct page *page, int order,
static inline void slab_init_memcg_params(struct kmem_cache *s)
{
}
+
+static inline void memcg_link_cache(struct kmem_cache *s)
+{
+}
+
#endif /* CONFIG_MEMCG && !CONFIG_SLOB */
static inline struct kmem_cache *cache_from_obj(struct kmem_cache *s, void *x)
diff --git a/mm/slab_common.c b/mm/slab_common.c
index c3bbeddaeaaf..274697e1a42a 100644
--- a/mm/slab_common.c
+++ b/mm/slab_common.c
@@ -138,6 +138,9 @@ int __kmem_cache_alloc_bulk(struct kmem_cache *s, gfp_t flags, size_t nr,
}
#if defined(CONFIG_MEMCG) && !defined(CONFIG_SLOB)
+
+LIST_HEAD(slab_root_caches);
+
void slab_init_memcg_params(struct kmem_cache *s)
{
s->memcg_params.root_cache = NULL;
@@ -183,9 +186,6 @@ static int update_memcg_params(struct kmem_cache *s, int new_array_size)
{
struct memcg_cache_array *old, *new;
- if (!is_root_cache(s))
- return 0;
-
new = kzalloc(sizeof(struct memcg_cache_array) +
new_array_size * sizeof(void *), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!new)
@@ -209,7 +209,7 @@ int memcg_update_all_caches(int num_memcgs)
int ret = 0;
mutex_lock(&slab_mutex);
- list_for_each_entry(s, &slab_caches, list) {
+ list_for_each_entry(s, &slab_root_caches, root_caches_node) {
ret = update_memcg_params(s, num_memcgs);
/*
* Instead of freeing the memory, we'll just leave the caches
@@ -222,10 +222,26 @@ int memcg_update_all_caches(int num_memcgs)
return ret;
}
-static void unlink_memcg_cache(struct kmem_cache *s)
+void memcg_link_cache(struct kmem_cache *s)
+{
+ if (is_root_cache(s)) {
+ list_add(&s->root_caches_node, &slab_root_caches);
+ } else {
+ list_add(&s->memcg_params.children_node,
+ &s->memcg_params.root_cache->memcg_params.children);
+ list_add(&s->memcg_params.kmem_caches_node,
+ &s->memcg_params.memcg->kmem_caches);
+ }
+}
+
+static void memcg_unlink_cache(struct kmem_cache *s)
{
- list_del(&s->memcg_params.children_node);
- list_del(&s->memcg_params.kmem_caches_node);
+ if (is_root_cache(s)) {
+ list_del(&s->root_caches_node);
+ } else {
+ list_del(&s->memcg_params.children_node);
+ list_del(&s->memcg_params.kmem_caches_node);
+ }
}
#else
static inline int init_memcg_params(struct kmem_cache *s,
@@ -238,7 +254,7 @@ static inline void destroy_memcg_params(struct kmem_cache *s)
{
}
-static inline void unlink_memcg_cache(struct kmem_cache *s)
+static inline void memcg_unlink_cache(struct kmem_cache *s)
{
}
#endif /* CONFIG_MEMCG && !CONFIG_SLOB */
@@ -285,7 +301,7 @@ struct kmem_cache *find_mergeable(size_t size, size_t align,
if (flags & SLAB_NEVER_MERGE)
return NULL;
- list_for_each_entry_reverse(s, &slab_caches, list) {
+ list_for_each_entry_reverse(s, &slab_root_caches, root_caches_node) {
if (slab_unmergeable(s))
continue;
@@ -369,6 +385,7 @@ static struct kmem_cache *create_cache(const char *name,
s->refcount = 1;
list_add(&s->list, &slab_caches);
+ memcg_link_cache(s);
out:
if (err)
return ERR_PTR(err);
@@ -514,9 +531,8 @@ static int shutdown_cache(struct kmem_cache *s)
if (__kmem_cache_shutdown(s) != 0)
return -EBUSY;
+ memcg_unlink_cache(s);
list_del(&s->list);
- if (!is_root_cache(s))
- unlink_memcg_cache(s);
if (s->flags & SLAB_DESTROY_BY_RCU) {
list_add_tail(&s->list, &slab_caches_to_rcu_destroy);
@@ -596,10 +612,6 @@ void memcg_create_kmem_cache(struct mem_cgroup *memcg,
goto out_unlock;
}
- list_add(&s->memcg_params.children_node,
- &root_cache->memcg_params.children);
- list_add(&s->memcg_params.kmem_caches_node, &memcg->kmem_caches);
-
/*
* Since readers won't lock (see cache_from_memcg_idx()), we need a
* barrier here to ensure nobody will see the kmem_cache partially
@@ -627,10 +639,7 @@ void memcg_deactivate_kmem_caches(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
get_online_mems();
mutex_lock(&slab_mutex);
- list_for_each_entry(s, &slab_caches, list) {
- if (!is_root_cache(s))
- continue;
-
+ list_for_each_entry(s, &slab_root_caches, root_caches_node) {
arr = rcu_dereference_protected(s->memcg_params.memcg_caches,
lockdep_is_held(&slab_mutex));
c = arr->entries[idx];
@@ -829,6 +838,7 @@ struct kmem_cache *__init create_kmalloc_cache(const char *name, size_t size,
create_boot_cache(s, name, size, flags);
list_add(&s->list, &slab_caches);
+ memcg_link_cache(s);
s->refcount = 1;
return s;
}
@@ -1136,12 +1146,12 @@ static void print_slabinfo_header(struct seq_file *m)
void *slab_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos)
{
mutex_lock(&slab_mutex);
- return seq_list_start(&slab_caches, *pos);
+ return seq_list_start(&slab_root_caches, *pos);
}
void *slab_next(struct seq_file *m, void *p, loff_t *pos)
{
- return seq_list_next(p, &slab_caches, pos);
+ return seq_list_next(p, &slab_root_caches, pos);
}
void slab_stop(struct seq_file *m, void *p)
@@ -1193,12 +1203,11 @@ static void cache_show(struct kmem_cache *s, struct seq_file *m)
static int slab_show(struct seq_file *m, void *p)
{
- struct kmem_cache *s = list_entry(p, struct kmem_cache, list);
+ struct kmem_cache *s = list_entry(p, struct kmem_cache, root_caches_node);
- if (p == slab_caches.next)
+ if (p == slab_root_caches.next)
print_slabinfo_header(m);
- if (is_root_cache(s))
- cache_show(s, m);
+ cache_show(s, m);
return 0;
}
diff --git a/mm/slub.c b/mm/slub.c
index caac5456f0ec..03b012bcb5fa 100644
--- a/mm/slub.c
+++ b/mm/slub.c
@@ -4127,6 +4127,7 @@ static struct kmem_cache * __init bootstrap(struct kmem_cache *static_cache)
}
slab_init_memcg_params(s);
list_add(&s->list, &slab_caches);
+ memcg_link_cache(s);
return s;
}

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