diff options
authorNadav Amit <namit@vmware.com>2021-03-12 21:08:17 -0800
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2021-03-13 11:27:31 -0800
commit6ce64428d62026a10cb5d80138ff2f90cc21d367 (patch)
parentd9b571c885a8974fbb7d4ee639dbc643fd000f9e (diff)
mm/userfaultfd: fix memory corruption due to writeprotect
Userfaultfd self-test fails occasionally, indicating a memory corruption. Analyzing this problem indicates that there is a real bug since mmap_lock is only taken for read in mwriteprotect_range() and defers flushes, and since there is insufficient consideration of concurrent deferred TLB flushes in wp_page_copy(). Although the PTE is flushed from the TLBs in wp_page_copy(), this flush takes place after the copy has already been performed, and therefore changes of the page are possible between the time of the copy and the time in which the PTE is flushed. To make matters worse, memory-unprotection using userfaultfd also poses a problem. Although memory unprotection is logically a promotion of PTE permissions, and therefore should not require a TLB flush, the current userrfaultfd code might actually cause a demotion of the architectural PTE permission: when userfaultfd_writeprotect() unprotects memory region, it unintentionally *clears* the RW-bit if it was already set. Note that this unprotecting a PTE that is not write-protected is a valid use-case: the userfaultfd monitor might ask to unprotect a region that holds both write-protected and write-unprotected PTEs. The scenario that happens in selftests/vm/userfaultfd is as follows: cpu0 cpu1 cpu2 ---- ---- ---- [ Writable PTE cached in TLB ] userfaultfd_writeprotect() [ write-*unprotect* ] mwriteprotect_range() mmap_read_lock() change_protection() change_protection_range() ... change_pte_range() [ *clear* “write”-bit ] [ defer TLB flushes ] [ page-fault ] ... wp_page_copy() cow_user_page() [ copy page ] [ write to old page ] ... set_pte_at_notify() A similar scenario can happen: cpu0 cpu1 cpu2 cpu3 ---- ---- ---- ---- [ Writable PTE cached in TLB ] userfaultfd_writeprotect() [ write-protect ] [ deferred TLB flush ] userfaultfd_writeprotect() [ write-unprotect ] [ deferred TLB flush] [ page-fault ] wp_page_copy() cow_user_page() [ copy page ] ... [ write to page ] set_pte_at_notify() This race exists since commit 292924b26024 ("userfaultfd: wp: apply _PAGE_UFFD_WP bit"). Yet, as Yu Zhao pointed, these races became apparent since commit 09854ba94c6a ("mm: do_wp_page() simplification") which made wp_page_copy() more likely to take place, specifically if page_count(page) > 1. To resolve the aforementioned races, check whether there are pending flushes on uffd-write-protected VMAs, and if there are, perform a flush before doing the COW. Further optimizations will follow to avoid during uffd-write-unprotect unnecassary PTE write-protection and TLB flushes. Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210304095423.3825684-1-namit@vmware.com Fixes: 09854ba94c6a ("mm: do_wp_page() simplification") Signed-off-by: Nadav Amit <namit@vmware.com> Suggested-by: Yu Zhao <yuzhao@google.com> Reviewed-by: Peter Xu <peterx@redhat.com> Tested-by: Peter Xu <peterx@redhat.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Cc: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@openvz.org> Cc: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com> Cc: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> [5.9+] Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
1 files changed, 8 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/mm/memory.c b/mm/memory.c
index 523230005db1..5efa07fb6cdc 100644
--- a/mm/memory.c
+++ b/mm/memory.c
@@ -3097,6 +3097,14 @@ static vm_fault_t do_wp_page(struct vm_fault *vmf)
return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_WP);
+ /*
+ * Userfaultfd write-protect can defer flushes. Ensure the TLB
+ * is flushed in this case before copying.
+ */
+ if (unlikely(userfaultfd_wp(vmf->vma) &&
+ mm_tlb_flush_pending(vmf->vma->vm_mm)))
+ flush_tlb_page(vmf->vma, vmf->address);
vmf->page = vm_normal_page(vma, vmf->address, vmf->orig_pte);
if (!vmf->page) {

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