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authorMauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab+samsung@kernel.org>2019-06-18 11:39:21 -0300
committerMauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab+samsung@kernel.org>2019-07-15 11:03:02 -0300
commit2dbc0838bcf24ca59cabc3130cf3b1d6809cdcd4 (patch)
tree3645134dcca14595ab278e6ac3b3dd9d4d738084 /Documentation/userspace-api/accelerators
parente8d776f20f92b9c679bcdcbdf3aee5026d5265f5 (diff)
docs: ocxl.rst: add it to the uAPI book
The content of this file is user-faced. Signed-off-by: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab+samsung@kernel.org> Acked-by: Andrew Donnellan <ajd@linux.ibm.com>
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+========================================================
+OpenCAPI (Open Coherent Accelerator Processor Interface)
+========================================================
+
+OpenCAPI is an interface between processors and accelerators. It aims
+at being low-latency and high-bandwidth. The specification is
+developed by the `OpenCAPI Consortium <http://opencapi.org/>`_.
+
+It allows an accelerator (which could be a FPGA, ASICs, ...) to access
+the host memory coherently, using virtual addresses. An OpenCAPI
+device can also host its own memory, that can be accessed from the
+host.
+
+OpenCAPI is known in linux as 'ocxl', as the open, processor-agnostic
+evolution of 'cxl' (the driver for the IBM CAPI interface for
+powerpc), which was named that way to avoid confusion with the ISDN
+CAPI subsystem.
+
+
+High-level view
+===============
+
+OpenCAPI defines a Data Link Layer (DL) and Transaction Layer (TL), to
+be implemented on top of a physical link. Any processor or device
+implementing the DL and TL can start sharing memory.
+
+::
+
+ +-----------+ +-------------+
+ | | | |
+ | | | Accelerated |
+ | Processor | | Function |
+ | | +--------+ | Unit | +--------+
+ | |--| Memory | | (AFU) |--| Memory |
+ | | +--------+ | | +--------+
+ +-----------+ +-------------+
+ | |
+ +-----------+ +-------------+
+ | TL | | TLX |
+ +-----------+ +-------------+
+ | |
+ +-----------+ +-------------+
+ | DL | | DLX |
+ +-----------+ +-------------+
+ | |
+ | PHY |
+ +---------------------------------------+
+
+
+
+Device discovery
+================
+
+OpenCAPI relies on a PCI-like configuration space, implemented on the
+device. So the host can discover AFUs by querying the config space.
+
+OpenCAPI devices in Linux are treated like PCI devices (with a few
+caveats). The firmware is expected to abstract the hardware as if it
+was a PCI link. A lot of the existing PCI infrastructure is reused:
+devices are scanned and BARs are assigned during the standard PCI
+enumeration. Commands like 'lspci' can therefore be used to see what
+devices are available.
+
+The configuration space defines the AFU(s) that can be found on the
+physical adapter, such as its name, how many memory contexts it can
+work with, the size of its MMIO areas, ...
+
+
+
+MMIO
+====
+
+OpenCAPI defines two MMIO areas for each AFU:
+
+* the global MMIO area, with registers pertinent to the whole AFU.
+* a per-process MMIO area, which has a fixed size for each context.
+
+
+
+AFU interrupts
+==============
+
+OpenCAPI includes the possibility for an AFU to send an interrupt to a
+host process. It is done through a 'intrp_req' defined in the
+Transaction Layer, specifying a 64-bit object handle which defines the
+interrupt.
+
+The driver allows a process to allocate an interrupt and obtain its
+64-bit object handle, that can be passed to the AFU.
+
+
+
+char devices
+============
+
+The driver creates one char device per AFU found on the physical
+device. A physical device may have multiple functions and each
+function can have multiple AFUs. At the time of this writing though,
+it has only been tested with devices exporting only one AFU.
+
+Char devices can be found in /dev/ocxl/ and are named as:
+/dev/ocxl/<AFU name>.<location>.<index>
+
+where <AFU name> is a max 20-character long name, as found in the
+config space of the AFU.
+<location> is added by the driver and can help distinguish devices
+when a system has more than one instance of the same OpenCAPI device.
+<index> is also to help distinguish AFUs in the unlikely case where a
+device carries multiple copies of the same AFU.
+
+
+
+Sysfs class
+===========
+
+An ocxl class is added for the devices representing the AFUs. See
+/sys/class/ocxl. The layout is described in
+Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-class-ocxl
+
+
+
+User API
+========
+
+open
+----
+
+Based on the AFU definition found in the config space, an AFU may
+support working with more than one memory context, in which case the
+associated char device may be opened multiple times by different
+processes.
+
+
+ioctl
+-----
+
+OCXL_IOCTL_ATTACH:
+
+ Attach the memory context of the calling process to the AFU so that
+ the AFU can access its memory.
+
+OCXL_IOCTL_IRQ_ALLOC:
+
+ Allocate an AFU interrupt and return an identifier.
+
+OCXL_IOCTL_IRQ_FREE:
+
+ Free a previously allocated AFU interrupt.
+
+OCXL_IOCTL_IRQ_SET_FD:
+
+ Associate an event fd to an AFU interrupt so that the user process
+ can be notified when the AFU sends an interrupt.
+
+OCXL_IOCTL_GET_METADATA:
+
+ Obtains configuration information from the card, such at the size of
+ MMIO areas, the AFU version, and the PASID for the current context.
+
+OCXL_IOCTL_ENABLE_P9_WAIT:
+
+ Allows the AFU to wake a userspace thread executing 'wait'. Returns
+ information to userspace to allow it to configure the AFU. Note that
+ this is only available on POWER9.
+
+OCXL_IOCTL_GET_FEATURES:
+
+ Reports on which CPU features that affect OpenCAPI are usable from
+ userspace.
+
+
+mmap
+----
+
+A process can mmap the per-process MMIO area for interactions with the
+AFU.

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