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authorPeter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>2022-07-18 13:41:37 +0200
committerBorislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>2022-07-18 15:38:09 +0200
commit28a99e95f55c61855983d36a88c05c178d966bb7 (patch)
tree38be23a964f0ead645743a976f7c61e0b5846989 /arch
parentff6992735ade75aae3e35d16b17da1008d753d28 (diff)
x86/amd: Use IBPB for firmware calls
On AMD IBRS does not prevent Retbleed; as such use IBPB before a firmware call to flush the branch history state. And because in order to do an EFI call, the kernel maps a whole lot of the kernel page table into the EFI page table, do an IBPB just in case in order to prevent the scenario of poisoning the BTB and causing an EFI call using the unprotected RET there. [ bp: Massage. ] Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20220715194550.793957-1-cascardo@canonical.com
Diffstat (limited to 'arch')
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeatures.h1
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/nospec-branch.h2
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/cpu/bugs.c11
3 files changed, 13 insertions, 1 deletions
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeatures.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeatures.h
index 00f5227c8459..a77b915d36a8 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeatures.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeatures.h
@@ -302,6 +302,7 @@
#define X86_FEATURE_RETPOLINE_LFENCE (11*32+13) /* "" Use LFENCE for Spectre variant 2 */
#define X86_FEATURE_RETHUNK (11*32+14) /* "" Use REturn THUNK */
#define X86_FEATURE_UNRET (11*32+15) /* "" AMD BTB untrain return */
+#define X86_FEATURE_USE_IBPB_FW (11*32+16) /* "" Use IBPB during runtime firmware calls */
/* Intel-defined CPU features, CPUID level 0x00000007:1 (EAX), word 12 */
#define X86_FEATURE_AVX_VNNI (12*32+ 4) /* AVX VNNI instructions */
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/nospec-branch.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/nospec-branch.h
index 10a3bfc1eb23..38a3e86e665e 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/nospec-branch.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/nospec-branch.h
@@ -297,6 +297,8 @@ do { \
alternative_msr_write(MSR_IA32_SPEC_CTRL, \
spec_ctrl_current() | SPEC_CTRL_IBRS, \
X86_FEATURE_USE_IBRS_FW); \
+ alternative_msr_write(MSR_IA32_PRED_CMD, PRED_CMD_IBPB, \
+ X86_FEATURE_USE_IBPB_FW); \
} while (0)
#define firmware_restrict_branch_speculation_end() \
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/bugs.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/bugs.c
index aa34f908c39f..78c9082242a9 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/bugs.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/bugs.c
@@ -1516,7 +1516,16 @@ static void __init spectre_v2_select_mitigation(void)
* the CPU supports Enhanced IBRS, kernel might un-intentionally not
* enable IBRS around firmware calls.
*/
- if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_IBRS) && !spectre_v2_in_ibrs_mode(mode)) {
+ if (boot_cpu_has_bug(X86_BUG_RETBLEED) &&
+ (boot_cpu_data.x86_vendor == X86_VENDOR_AMD ||
+ boot_cpu_data.x86_vendor == X86_VENDOR_HYGON)) {
+
+ if (retbleed_cmd != RETBLEED_CMD_IBPB) {
+ setup_force_cpu_cap(X86_FEATURE_USE_IBPB_FW);
+ pr_info("Enabling Speculation Barrier for firmware calls\n");
+ }
+
+ } else if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_IBRS) && !spectre_v2_in_ibrs_mode(mode)) {
setup_force_cpu_cap(X86_FEATURE_USE_IBRS_FW);
pr_info("Enabling Restricted Speculation for firmware calls\n");
}

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