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authorSherry Yang <sherryy@android.com>2017-08-23 08:46:40 -0700
committerGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>2017-08-28 16:47:17 +0200
commit4175e2b46fd4b9021ef81f18f1be9474b2f45d4a (patch)
treef71d84f71001cecc96563950400c15f609375619 /drivers/android
parente21762196118c272321532fe64c512efaa088b7e (diff)
android: binder: Add allocator selftest
binder_alloc_selftest tests that alloc_new_buf handles page allocation and deallocation properly when allocate and free buffers. The test allocates 5 buffers of various sizes to cover all possible page alignment cases, and frees the buffers using a list of exhaustive freeing order. Test: boot the device with ANDROID_BINDER_IPC_SELFTEST config option enabled. Allocator selftest passes. Signed-off-by: Sherry Yang <sherryy@android.com> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'drivers/android')
-rw-r--r--drivers/android/Kconfig10
-rw-r--r--drivers/android/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--drivers/android/binder.c2
-rw-r--r--drivers/android/binder_alloc.h5
-rw-r--r--drivers/android/binder_alloc_selftest.c271
5 files changed, 289 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/drivers/android/Kconfig b/drivers/android/Kconfig
index 8a748d4a4167..9801d852bd56 100644
--- a/drivers/android/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/android/Kconfig
@@ -44,6 +44,16 @@ config ANDROID_BINDER_IPC_32BIT
Note that enabling this will break newer Android user-space.
+config ANDROID_BINDER_IPC_SELFTEST
+ bool "Android Binder IPC Driver Selftest"
+ depends on ANDROID_BINDER_IPC
+ ---help---
+ This feature allows binder selftest to run.
+
+ Binder selftest checks the allocation and free of binder buffers
+ exhaustively with combinations of various buffer sizes and
+ alignments.
+
endif # if ANDROID
endmenu
diff --git a/drivers/android/Makefile b/drivers/android/Makefile
index 4b7c726bb560..a01254c43ee3 100644
--- a/drivers/android/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/android/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
ccflags-y += -I$(src) # needed for trace events
obj-$(CONFIG_ANDROID_BINDER_IPC) += binder.o binder_alloc.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_ANDROID_BINDER_IPC_SELFTEST) += binder_alloc_selftest.o
diff --git a/drivers/android/binder.c b/drivers/android/binder.c
index 947eb7056fa7..e4b6055aafc7 100644
--- a/drivers/android/binder.c
+++ b/drivers/android/binder.c
@@ -4225,6 +4225,8 @@ static long binder_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
/*pr_info("binder_ioctl: %d:%d %x %lx\n",
proc->pid, current->pid, cmd, arg);*/
+ binder_selftest_alloc(&proc->alloc);
+
trace_binder_ioctl(cmd, arg);
ret = wait_event_interruptible(binder_user_error_wait, binder_stop_on_user_error < 2);
diff --git a/drivers/android/binder_alloc.h b/drivers/android/binder_alloc.h
index 088e4ffc6230..4f02cc084c15 100644
--- a/drivers/android/binder_alloc.h
+++ b/drivers/android/binder_alloc.h
@@ -102,6 +102,11 @@ struct binder_alloc {
int pid;
};
+#ifdef CONFIG_ANDROID_BINDER_IPC_SELFTEST
+void binder_selftest_alloc(struct binder_alloc *alloc);
+#else
+static inline void binder_selftest_alloc(struct binder_alloc *alloc) {}
+#endif
extern struct binder_buffer *binder_alloc_new_buf(struct binder_alloc *alloc,
size_t data_size,
size_t offsets_size,
diff --git a/drivers/android/binder_alloc_selftest.c b/drivers/android/binder_alloc_selftest.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..cc00ab6ee29d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/android/binder_alloc_selftest.c
@@ -0,0 +1,271 @@
+/* binder_alloc_selftest.c
+ *
+ * Android IPC Subsystem
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2017 Google, Inc.
+ *
+ * This software is licensed under the terms of the GNU General Public
+ * License version 2, as published by the Free Software Foundation, and
+ * may be copied, distributed, and modified under those terms.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ */
+
+#define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt
+
+#include <linux/mm_types.h>
+#include <linux/err.h>
+#include "binder_alloc.h"
+
+#define BUFFER_NUM 5
+#define BUFFER_MIN_SIZE (PAGE_SIZE / 8)
+
+static bool binder_selftest_run = true;
+static int binder_selftest_failures;
+static DEFINE_MUTEX(binder_selftest_lock);
+
+/**
+ * enum buf_end_align_type - Page alignment of a buffer
+ * end with regard to the end of the previous buffer.
+ *
+ * In the pictures below, buf2 refers to the buffer we
+ * are aligning. buf1 refers to previous buffer by addr.
+ * Symbol [ means the start of a buffer, ] means the end
+ * of a buffer, and | means page boundaries.
+ */
+enum buf_end_align_type {
+ /**
+ * @SAME_PAGE_UNALIGNED: The end of this buffer is on
+ * the same page as the end of the previous buffer and
+ * is not page aligned. Examples:
+ * buf1 ][ buf2 ][ ...
+ * buf1 ]|[ buf2 ][ ...
+ */
+ SAME_PAGE_UNALIGNED = 0,
+ /**
+ * @SAME_PAGE_ALIGNED: When the end of the previous buffer
+ * is not page aligned, the end of this buffer is on the
+ * same page as the end of the previous buffer and is page
+ * aligned. When the previous buffer is page aligned, the
+ * end of this buffer is aligned to the next page boundary.
+ * Examples:
+ * buf1 ][ buf2 ]| ...
+ * buf1 ]|[ buf2 ]| ...
+ */
+ SAME_PAGE_ALIGNED,
+ /**
+ * @NEXT_PAGE_UNALIGNED: The end of this buffer is on
+ * the page next to the end of the previous buffer and
+ * is not page aligned. Examples:
+ * buf1 ][ buf2 | buf2 ][ ...
+ * buf1 ]|[ buf2 | buf2 ][ ...
+ */
+ NEXT_PAGE_UNALIGNED,
+ /**
+ * @NEXT_PAGE_ALIGNED: The end of this buffer is on
+ * the page next to the end of the previous buffer and
+ * is page aligned. Examples:
+ * buf1 ][ buf2 | buf2 ]| ...
+ * buf1 ]|[ buf2 | buf2 ]| ...
+ */
+ NEXT_PAGE_ALIGNED,
+ /**
+ * @NEXT_NEXT_UNALIGNED: The end of this buffer is on
+ * the page that follows the page after the end of the
+ * previous buffer and is not page aligned. Examples:
+ * buf1 ][ buf2 | buf2 | buf2 ][ ...
+ * buf1 ]|[ buf2 | buf2 | buf2 ][ ...
+ */
+ NEXT_NEXT_UNALIGNED,
+ LOOP_END,
+};
+
+static void pr_err_size_seq(size_t *sizes, int *seq)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ pr_err("alloc sizes: ");
+ for (i = 0; i < BUFFER_NUM; i++)
+ pr_cont("[%zu]", sizes[i]);
+ pr_cont("\n");
+ pr_err("free seq: ");
+ for (i = 0; i < BUFFER_NUM; i++)
+ pr_cont("[%d]", seq[i]);
+ pr_cont("\n");
+}
+
+static bool check_buffer_pages_allocated(struct binder_alloc *alloc,
+ struct binder_buffer *buffer,
+ size_t size)
+{
+ void *page_addr, *end;
+ int page_index;
+
+ end = (void *)PAGE_ALIGN((uintptr_t)buffer + size);
+ for (page_addr = buffer; page_addr < end; page_addr += PAGE_SIZE) {
+ page_index = (page_addr - alloc->buffer) / PAGE_SIZE;
+ if (!alloc->pages[page_index]) {
+ pr_err("incorrect alloc state at page index %d\n",
+ page_index);
+ return false;
+ }
+ }
+ return true;
+}
+
+static void binder_selftest_alloc_buf(struct binder_alloc *alloc,
+ struct binder_buffer *buffers[],
+ size_t *sizes, int *seq)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < BUFFER_NUM; i++) {
+ buffers[i] = binder_alloc_new_buf(alloc, sizes[i], 0, 0, 0);
+ if (IS_ERR(buffers[i]) ||
+ !check_buffer_pages_allocated(alloc, buffers[i],
+ sizes[i])) {
+ pr_err_size_seq(sizes, seq);
+ binder_selftest_failures++;
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+static void binder_selftest_free_buf(struct binder_alloc *alloc,
+ struct binder_buffer *buffers[],
+ size_t *sizes, int *seq)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < BUFFER_NUM; i++)
+ binder_alloc_free_buf(alloc, buffers[seq[i]]);
+
+ for (i = 0; i < (alloc->buffer_size / PAGE_SIZE); i++) {
+ if ((!alloc->pages[i]) == (i == 0)) {
+ pr_err("incorrect free state at page index %d\n", i);
+ binder_selftest_failures++;
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+static void binder_selftest_alloc_free(struct binder_alloc *alloc,
+ size_t *sizes, int *seq)
+{
+ struct binder_buffer *buffers[BUFFER_NUM];
+
+ binder_selftest_alloc_buf(alloc, buffers, sizes, seq);
+ binder_selftest_free_buf(alloc, buffers, sizes, seq);
+}
+
+static bool is_dup(int *seq, int index, int val)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < index; i++) {
+ if (seq[i] == val)
+ return true;
+ }
+ return false;
+}
+
+/* Generate BUFFER_NUM factorial free orders. */
+static void binder_selftest_free_seq(struct binder_alloc *alloc,
+ size_t *sizes, int *seq, int index)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ if (index == BUFFER_NUM) {
+ binder_selftest_alloc_free(alloc, sizes, seq);
+ return;
+ }
+ for (i = 0; i < BUFFER_NUM; i++) {
+ if (is_dup(seq, index, i))
+ continue;
+ seq[index] = i;
+ binder_selftest_free_seq(alloc, sizes, seq, index + 1);
+ }
+}
+
+static void binder_selftest_alloc_size(struct binder_alloc *alloc,
+ size_t *end_offset)
+{
+ int i;
+ int seq[BUFFER_NUM] = {0};
+ size_t front_sizes[BUFFER_NUM];
+ size_t back_sizes[BUFFER_NUM];
+ size_t last_offset, offset = 0;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < BUFFER_NUM; i++) {
+ last_offset = offset;
+ offset = end_offset[i];
+ front_sizes[i] = offset - last_offset;
+ back_sizes[BUFFER_NUM - i - 1] = front_sizes[i];
+ }
+ /*
+ * Buffers share the first or last few pages.
+ * Only BUFFER_NUM - 1 buffer sizes are adjustable since
+ * we need one giant buffer before getting to the last page.
+ */
+ back_sizes[0] += alloc->buffer_size - end_offset[BUFFER_NUM - 1]
+ - sizeof(struct binder_buffer) * BUFFER_NUM;
+ binder_selftest_free_seq(alloc, front_sizes, seq, 0);
+ binder_selftest_free_seq(alloc, back_sizes, seq, 0);
+}
+
+static void binder_selftest_alloc_offset(struct binder_alloc *alloc,
+ size_t *end_offset, int index)
+{
+ int align;
+ size_t end, prev;
+
+ if (index == BUFFER_NUM) {
+ binder_selftest_alloc_size(alloc, end_offset);
+ return;
+ }
+ prev = index == 0 ? 0 : end_offset[index - 1];
+ end = prev;
+
+ BUILD_BUG_ON((BUFFER_MIN_SIZE + sizeof(struct binder_buffer))
+ * BUFFER_NUM >= PAGE_SIZE);
+
+ for (align = SAME_PAGE_UNALIGNED; align < LOOP_END; align++) {
+ if (align % 2)
+ end = ALIGN(end, PAGE_SIZE);
+ else
+ end += BUFFER_MIN_SIZE;
+ end_offset[index] = end;
+ binder_selftest_alloc_offset(alloc, end_offset, index + 1);
+ }
+}
+
+/**
+ * binder_selftest_alloc() - Test alloc and free of buffer pages.
+ * @alloc: Pointer to alloc struct.
+ *
+ * Allocate BUFFER_NUM buffers to cover all page alignment cases,
+ * then free them in all orders possible. Check that pages are
+ * allocated after buffer alloc and freed after freeing buffer.
+ */
+void binder_selftest_alloc(struct binder_alloc *alloc)
+{
+ size_t end_offset[BUFFER_NUM];
+
+ if (!binder_selftest_run)
+ return;
+ mutex_lock(&binder_selftest_lock);
+ if (!binder_selftest_run || !alloc->vma)
+ goto done;
+ pr_info("STARTED\n");
+ binder_selftest_alloc_offset(alloc, end_offset, 0);
+ binder_selftest_run = false;
+ if (binder_selftest_failures > 0)
+ pr_info("%d tests FAILED\n", binder_selftest_failures);
+ else
+ pr_info("PASSED\n");
+
+done:
+ mutex_unlock(&binder_selftest_lock);
+}

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