path: root/drivers
diff options
authorColy Li <colyli@suse.de>2018-02-07 11:41:42 -0800
committerJens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>2018-02-07 12:50:01 -0700
commit7ba0d830dc0e4c7e88602c91656029b6ae8a1766 (patch)
tree9f484c3e87b18a19665ae9f47c42608de882e398 /drivers
parent99361bbf26337186f02561109c17a4c4b1a7536a (diff)
bcache: set error_limit correctly
Struct cache uses io_errors for two purposes, - Error decay: when cache set error_decay is set, io_errors is used to generate a small piece of delay when I/O error happens. - I/O errors counter: in order to generate big enough value for error decay, I/O errors counter value is stored by left shifting 20 bits (a.k.a IO_ERROR_SHIFT). In function bch_count_io_errors(), if I/O errors counter reaches cache set error limit, bch_cache_set_error() will be called to retire the whold cache set. But current code is problematic when checking the error limit, see the following code piece from bch_count_io_errors(), 90 if (error) { 91 char buf[BDEVNAME_SIZE]; 92 unsigned errors = atomic_add_return(1 << IO_ERROR_SHIFT, 93 &ca->io_errors); 94 errors >>= IO_ERROR_SHIFT; 95 96 if (errors < ca->set->error_limit) 97 pr_err("%s: IO error on %s, recovering", 98 bdevname(ca->bdev, buf), m); 99 else 100 bch_cache_set_error(ca->set, 101 "%s: too many IO errors %s", 102 bdevname(ca->bdev, buf), m); 103 } At line 94, errors is right shifting IO_ERROR_SHIFT bits, now it is real errors counter to compare at line 96. But ca->set->error_limit is initia- lized with an amplified value in bch_cache_set_alloc(), 1545 c->error_limit = 8 << IO_ERROR_SHIFT; It means by default, in bch_count_io_errors(), before 8<<20 errors happened bch_cache_set_error() won't be called to retire the problematic cache device. If the average request size is 64KB, it means bcache won't handle failed device until 512GB data is requested. This is too large to be an I/O threashold. So I believe the correct error limit should be much less. This patch sets default cache set error limit to 8, then in bch_count_io_errors() when errors counter reaches 8 (if it is default value), function bch_cache_set_error() will be called to retire the whole cache set. This patch also removes bits shifting when store or show io_error_limit value via sysfs interface. Nowadays most of SSDs handle internal flash failure automatically by LBA address re-indirect mapping. If an I/O error can be observed by upper layer code, it will be a notable error because that SSD can not re-indirect map the problematic LBA address to an available flash block. This situation indicates the whole SSD will be failed very soon. Therefore setting 8 as the default io error limit value makes sense, it is enough for most of cache devices. Changelog: v2: add reviewed-by from Hannes. v1: initial version for review. Signed-off-by: Coly Li <colyli@suse.de> Reviewed-by: Hannes Reinecke <hare@suse.com> Reviewed-by: Tang Junhui <tang.junhui@zte.com.cn> Reviewed-by: Michael Lyle <mlyle@lyle.org> Cc: Junhui Tang <tang.junhui@zte.com.cn> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
Diffstat (limited to 'drivers')
3 files changed, 4 insertions, 3 deletions
diff --git a/drivers/md/bcache/bcache.h b/drivers/md/bcache/bcache.h
index a857eb3c10de..b8c2e1bef1f1 100644
--- a/drivers/md/bcache/bcache.h
+++ b/drivers/md/bcache/bcache.h
@@ -666,6 +666,7 @@ struct cache_set {
} on_error;
unsigned error_limit;
unsigned error_decay;
diff --git a/drivers/md/bcache/super.c b/drivers/md/bcache/super.c
index 133b81225ea9..e29150ec17e7 100644
--- a/drivers/md/bcache/super.c
+++ b/drivers/md/bcache/super.c
@@ -1553,7 +1553,7 @@ struct cache_set *bch_cache_set_alloc(struct cache_sb *sb)
c->congested_read_threshold_us = 2000;
c->congested_write_threshold_us = 20000;
- c->error_limit = 8 << IO_ERROR_SHIFT;
+ c->error_limit = DEFAULT_IO_ERROR_LIMIT;
return c;
diff --git a/drivers/md/bcache/sysfs.c b/drivers/md/bcache/sysfs.c
index 46e7a6b3e7c7..c524305cc9a7 100644
--- a/drivers/md/bcache/sysfs.c
+++ b/drivers/md/bcache/sysfs.c
@@ -568,7 +568,7 @@ SHOW(__bch_cache_set)
/* See count_io_errors for why 88 */
sysfs_print(io_error_halflife, c->error_decay * 88);
- sysfs_print(io_error_limit, c->error_limit >> IO_ERROR_SHIFT);
+ sysfs_print(io_error_limit, c->error_limit);
((uint64_t) bch_get_congested(c)) << 9);
@@ -668,7 +668,7 @@ STORE(__bch_cache_set)
if (attr == &sysfs_io_error_limit)
- c->error_limit = strtoul_or_return(buf) << IO_ERROR_SHIFT;
+ c->error_limit = strtoul_or_return(buf);
/* See count_io_errors() for why 88 */
if (attr == &sysfs_io_error_halflife)

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