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authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2019-09-27 15:54:24 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2019-09-27 15:54:24 -0700
commit8f744bdee4fefb17fac052c7418b830de2b59ac8 (patch)
treeaab0dfba240bf48ed67c32b60a9edb372c7afee9 /fs
parent9977b1a71488742606376c09e19e0074e4403cdf (diff)
parenta62a8ef9d97da23762a588592c8b8eb50a8deb6a (diff)
Merge tag 'virtio-fs-5.4' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/mszeredi/fuse
Pull fuse virtio-fs support from Miklos Szeredi: "Virtio-fs allows exporting directory trees on the host and mounting them in guest(s). This isn't actually a new filesystem, but a glue layer between the fuse filesystem and a virtio based back-end. It's similar in functionality to the existing virtio-9p solution, but significantly faster in benchmarks and has better POSIX compliance. Further permformance improvements can be achieved by sharing the page cache between host and guest, allowing for faster I/O and reduced memory use. Kata Containers have been including the out-of-tree virtio-fs (with the shared page cache patches as well) since version 1.7 as an experimental feature. They have been active in development and plan to switch from virtio-9p to virtio-fs as their default solution. There has been interest from other sources as well. The userspace infrastructure is slated to be merged into qemu once the kernel part hits mainline. This was developed by Vivek Goyal, Dave Gilbert and Stefan Hajnoczi" * tag 'virtio-fs-5.4' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/mszeredi/fuse: virtio-fs: add virtiofs filesystem virtio-fs: add Documentation/filesystems/virtiofs.rst fuse: reserve values for mapping protocol
Diffstat (limited to 'fs')
-rw-r--r--fs/fuse/Kconfig11
-rw-r--r--fs/fuse/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--fs/fuse/fuse_i.h9
-rw-r--r--fs/fuse/inode.c4
-rw-r--r--fs/fuse/virtio_fs.c1195
5 files changed, 1220 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/fs/fuse/Kconfig b/fs/fuse/Kconfig
index 24fc5a5c1b97..0635cba19971 100644
--- a/fs/fuse/Kconfig
+++ b/fs/fuse/Kconfig
@@ -27,3 +27,14 @@ config CUSE
If you want to develop or use a userspace character device
based on CUSE, answer Y or M.
+
+config VIRTIO_FS
+ tristate "Virtio Filesystem"
+ depends on FUSE_FS
+ select VIRTIO
+ help
+ The Virtio Filesystem allows guests to mount file systems from the
+ host.
+
+ If you want to share files between guests or with the host, answer Y
+ or M.
diff --git a/fs/fuse/Makefile b/fs/fuse/Makefile
index 9485019c2a14..6419a2b3510d 100644
--- a/fs/fuse/Makefile
+++ b/fs/fuse/Makefile
@@ -5,5 +5,6 @@
obj-$(CONFIG_FUSE_FS) += fuse.o
obj-$(CONFIG_CUSE) += cuse.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_VIRTIO_FS) += virtio_fs.o
fuse-objs := dev.o dir.o file.o inode.o control.o xattr.o acl.o readdir.o
diff --git a/fs/fuse/fuse_i.h b/fs/fuse/fuse_i.h
index fc89cb40e874..956aeaf961ae 100644
--- a/fs/fuse/fuse_i.h
+++ b/fs/fuse/fuse_i.h
@@ -353,6 +353,10 @@ struct fuse_req {
/** Used to wake up the task waiting for completion of request*/
wait_queue_head_t waitq;
+#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_VIRTIO_FS)
+ /** virtio-fs's physically contiguous buffer for in and out args */
+ void *argbuf;
+#endif
};
struct fuse_iqueue;
@@ -383,6 +387,11 @@ struct fuse_iqueue_ops {
*/
void (*wake_pending_and_unlock)(struct fuse_iqueue *fiq)
__releases(fiq->lock);
+
+ /**
+ * Clean up when fuse_iqueue is destroyed
+ */
+ void (*release)(struct fuse_iqueue *fiq);
};
/** /dev/fuse input queue operations */
diff --git a/fs/fuse/inode.c b/fs/fuse/inode.c
index 51cb471f4dc3..e040e2a2b621 100644
--- a/fs/fuse/inode.c
+++ b/fs/fuse/inode.c
@@ -630,6 +630,10 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fuse_conn_init);
void fuse_conn_put(struct fuse_conn *fc)
{
if (refcount_dec_and_test(&fc->count)) {
+ struct fuse_iqueue *fiq = &fc->iq;
+
+ if (fiq->ops->release)
+ fiq->ops->release(fiq);
put_pid_ns(fc->pid_ns);
put_user_ns(fc->user_ns);
fc->release(fc);
diff --git a/fs/fuse/virtio_fs.c b/fs/fuse/virtio_fs.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..6af3f131e468
--- /dev/null
+++ b/fs/fuse/virtio_fs.c
@@ -0,0 +1,1195 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * virtio-fs: Virtio Filesystem
+ * Copyright (C) 2018 Red Hat, Inc.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/fs.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/virtio.h>
+#include <linux/virtio_fs.h>
+#include <linux/delay.h>
+#include <linux/fs_context.h>
+#include <linux/highmem.h>
+#include "fuse_i.h"
+
+/* List of virtio-fs device instances and a lock for the list. Also provides
+ * mutual exclusion in device removal and mounting path
+ */
+static DEFINE_MUTEX(virtio_fs_mutex);
+static LIST_HEAD(virtio_fs_instances);
+
+enum {
+ VQ_HIPRIO,
+ VQ_REQUEST
+};
+
+/* Per-virtqueue state */
+struct virtio_fs_vq {
+ spinlock_t lock;
+ struct virtqueue *vq; /* protected by ->lock */
+ struct work_struct done_work;
+ struct list_head queued_reqs;
+ struct delayed_work dispatch_work;
+ struct fuse_dev *fud;
+ bool connected;
+ long in_flight;
+ char name[24];
+} ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp;
+
+/* A virtio-fs device instance */
+struct virtio_fs {
+ struct kref refcount;
+ struct list_head list; /* on virtio_fs_instances */
+ char *tag;
+ struct virtio_fs_vq *vqs;
+ unsigned int nvqs; /* number of virtqueues */
+ unsigned int num_request_queues; /* number of request queues */
+};
+
+struct virtio_fs_forget {
+ struct fuse_in_header ih;
+ struct fuse_forget_in arg;
+ /* This request can be temporarily queued on virt queue */
+ struct list_head list;
+};
+
+static inline struct virtio_fs_vq *vq_to_fsvq(struct virtqueue *vq)
+{
+ struct virtio_fs *fs = vq->vdev->priv;
+
+ return &fs->vqs[vq->index];
+}
+
+static inline struct fuse_pqueue *vq_to_fpq(struct virtqueue *vq)
+{
+ return &vq_to_fsvq(vq)->fud->pq;
+}
+
+static void release_virtio_fs_obj(struct kref *ref)
+{
+ struct virtio_fs *vfs = container_of(ref, struct virtio_fs, refcount);
+
+ kfree(vfs->vqs);
+ kfree(vfs);
+}
+
+/* Make sure virtiofs_mutex is held */
+static void virtio_fs_put(struct virtio_fs *fs)
+{
+ kref_put(&fs->refcount, release_virtio_fs_obj);
+}
+
+static void virtio_fs_fiq_release(struct fuse_iqueue *fiq)
+{
+ struct virtio_fs *vfs = fiq->priv;
+
+ mutex_lock(&virtio_fs_mutex);
+ virtio_fs_put(vfs);
+ mutex_unlock(&virtio_fs_mutex);
+}
+
+static void virtio_fs_drain_queue(struct virtio_fs_vq *fsvq)
+{
+ WARN_ON(fsvq->in_flight < 0);
+
+ /* Wait for in flight requests to finish.*/
+ while (1) {
+ spin_lock(&fsvq->lock);
+ if (!fsvq->in_flight) {
+ spin_unlock(&fsvq->lock);
+ break;
+ }
+ spin_unlock(&fsvq->lock);
+ /* TODO use completion instead of timeout */
+ usleep_range(1000, 2000);
+ }
+
+ flush_work(&fsvq->done_work);
+ flush_delayed_work(&fsvq->dispatch_work);
+}
+
+static inline void drain_hiprio_queued_reqs(struct virtio_fs_vq *fsvq)
+{
+ struct virtio_fs_forget *forget;
+
+ spin_lock(&fsvq->lock);
+ while (1) {
+ forget = list_first_entry_or_null(&fsvq->queued_reqs,
+ struct virtio_fs_forget, list);
+ if (!forget)
+ break;
+ list_del(&forget->list);
+ kfree(forget);
+ }
+ spin_unlock(&fsvq->lock);
+}
+
+static void virtio_fs_drain_all_queues(struct virtio_fs *fs)
+{
+ struct virtio_fs_vq *fsvq;
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < fs->nvqs; i++) {
+ fsvq = &fs->vqs[i];
+ if (i == VQ_HIPRIO)
+ drain_hiprio_queued_reqs(fsvq);
+
+ virtio_fs_drain_queue(fsvq);
+ }
+}
+
+static void virtio_fs_start_all_queues(struct virtio_fs *fs)
+{
+ struct virtio_fs_vq *fsvq;
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < fs->nvqs; i++) {
+ fsvq = &fs->vqs[i];
+ spin_lock(&fsvq->lock);
+ fsvq->connected = true;
+ spin_unlock(&fsvq->lock);
+ }
+}
+
+/* Add a new instance to the list or return -EEXIST if tag name exists*/
+static int virtio_fs_add_instance(struct virtio_fs *fs)
+{
+ struct virtio_fs *fs2;
+ bool duplicate = false;
+
+ mutex_lock(&virtio_fs_mutex);
+
+ list_for_each_entry(fs2, &virtio_fs_instances, list) {
+ if (strcmp(fs->tag, fs2->tag) == 0)
+ duplicate = true;
+ }
+
+ if (!duplicate)
+ list_add_tail(&fs->list, &virtio_fs_instances);
+
+ mutex_unlock(&virtio_fs_mutex);
+
+ if (duplicate)
+ return -EEXIST;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* Return the virtio_fs with a given tag, or NULL */
+static struct virtio_fs *virtio_fs_find_instance(const char *tag)
+{
+ struct virtio_fs *fs;
+
+ mutex_lock(&virtio_fs_mutex);
+
+ list_for_each_entry(fs, &virtio_fs_instances, list) {
+ if (strcmp(fs->tag, tag) == 0) {
+ kref_get(&fs->refcount);
+ goto found;
+ }
+ }
+
+ fs = NULL; /* not found */
+
+found:
+ mutex_unlock(&virtio_fs_mutex);
+
+ return fs;
+}
+
+static void virtio_fs_free_devs(struct virtio_fs *fs)
+{
+ unsigned int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < fs->nvqs; i++) {
+ struct virtio_fs_vq *fsvq = &fs->vqs[i];
+
+ if (!fsvq->fud)
+ continue;
+
+ fuse_dev_free(fsvq->fud);
+ fsvq->fud = NULL;
+ }
+}
+
+/* Read filesystem name from virtio config into fs->tag (must kfree()). */
+static int virtio_fs_read_tag(struct virtio_device *vdev, struct virtio_fs *fs)
+{
+ char tag_buf[sizeof_field(struct virtio_fs_config, tag)];
+ char *end;
+ size_t len;
+
+ virtio_cread_bytes(vdev, offsetof(struct virtio_fs_config, tag),
+ &tag_buf, sizeof(tag_buf));
+ end = memchr(tag_buf, '\0', sizeof(tag_buf));
+ if (end == tag_buf)
+ return -EINVAL; /* empty tag */
+ if (!end)
+ end = &tag_buf[sizeof(tag_buf)];
+
+ len = end - tag_buf;
+ fs->tag = devm_kmalloc(&vdev->dev, len + 1, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!fs->tag)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ memcpy(fs->tag, tag_buf, len);
+ fs->tag[len] = '\0';
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* Work function for hiprio completion */
+static void virtio_fs_hiprio_done_work(struct work_struct *work)
+{
+ struct virtio_fs_vq *fsvq = container_of(work, struct virtio_fs_vq,
+ done_work);
+ struct virtqueue *vq = fsvq->vq;
+
+ /* Free completed FUSE_FORGET requests */
+ spin_lock(&fsvq->lock);
+ do {
+ unsigned int len;
+ void *req;
+
+ virtqueue_disable_cb(vq);
+
+ while ((req = virtqueue_get_buf(vq, &len)) != NULL) {
+ kfree(req);
+ fsvq->in_flight--;
+ }
+ } while (!virtqueue_enable_cb(vq) && likely(!virtqueue_is_broken(vq)));
+ spin_unlock(&fsvq->lock);
+}
+
+static void virtio_fs_dummy_dispatch_work(struct work_struct *work)
+{
+}
+
+static void virtio_fs_hiprio_dispatch_work(struct work_struct *work)
+{
+ struct virtio_fs_forget *forget;
+ struct virtio_fs_vq *fsvq = container_of(work, struct virtio_fs_vq,
+ dispatch_work.work);
+ struct virtqueue *vq = fsvq->vq;
+ struct scatterlist sg;
+ struct scatterlist *sgs[] = {&sg};
+ bool notify;
+ int ret;
+
+ pr_debug("virtio-fs: worker %s called.\n", __func__);
+ while (1) {
+ spin_lock(&fsvq->lock);
+ forget = list_first_entry_or_null(&fsvq->queued_reqs,
+ struct virtio_fs_forget, list);
+ if (!forget) {
+ spin_unlock(&fsvq->lock);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ list_del(&forget->list);
+ if (!fsvq->connected) {
+ spin_unlock(&fsvq->lock);
+ kfree(forget);
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ sg_init_one(&sg, forget, sizeof(*forget));
+
+ /* Enqueue the request */
+ dev_dbg(&vq->vdev->dev, "%s\n", __func__);
+ ret = virtqueue_add_sgs(vq, sgs, 1, 0, forget, GFP_ATOMIC);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ if (ret == -ENOMEM || ret == -ENOSPC) {
+ pr_debug("virtio-fs: Could not queue FORGET: err=%d. Will try later\n",
+ ret);
+ list_add_tail(&forget->list,
+ &fsvq->queued_reqs);
+ schedule_delayed_work(&fsvq->dispatch_work,
+ msecs_to_jiffies(1));
+ } else {
+ pr_debug("virtio-fs: Could not queue FORGET: err=%d. Dropping it.\n",
+ ret);
+ kfree(forget);
+ }
+ spin_unlock(&fsvq->lock);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ fsvq->in_flight++;
+ notify = virtqueue_kick_prepare(vq);
+ spin_unlock(&fsvq->lock);
+
+ if (notify)
+ virtqueue_notify(vq);
+ pr_debug("virtio-fs: worker %s dispatched one forget request.\n",
+ __func__);
+ }
+}
+
+/* Allocate and copy args into req->argbuf */
+static int copy_args_to_argbuf(struct fuse_req *req)
+{
+ struct fuse_args *args = req->args;
+ unsigned int offset = 0;
+ unsigned int num_in;
+ unsigned int num_out;
+ unsigned int len;
+ unsigned int i;
+
+ num_in = args->in_numargs - args->in_pages;
+ num_out = args->out_numargs - args->out_pages;
+ len = fuse_len_args(num_in, (struct fuse_arg *) args->in_args) +
+ fuse_len_args(num_out, args->out_args);
+
+ req->argbuf = kmalloc(len, GFP_ATOMIC);
+ if (!req->argbuf)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < num_in; i++) {
+ memcpy(req->argbuf + offset,
+ args->in_args[i].value,
+ args->in_args[i].size);
+ offset += args->in_args[i].size;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* Copy args out of and free req->argbuf */
+static void copy_args_from_argbuf(struct fuse_args *args, struct fuse_req *req)
+{
+ unsigned int remaining;
+ unsigned int offset;
+ unsigned int num_in;
+ unsigned int num_out;
+ unsigned int i;
+
+ remaining = req->out.h.len - sizeof(req->out.h);
+ num_in = args->in_numargs - args->in_pages;
+ num_out = args->out_numargs - args->out_pages;
+ offset = fuse_len_args(num_in, (struct fuse_arg *)args->in_args);
+
+ for (i = 0; i < num_out; i++) {
+ unsigned int argsize = args->out_args[i].size;
+
+ if (args->out_argvar &&
+ i == args->out_numargs - 1 &&
+ argsize > remaining) {
+ argsize = remaining;
+ }
+
+ memcpy(args->out_args[i].value, req->argbuf + offset, argsize);
+ offset += argsize;
+
+ if (i != args->out_numargs - 1)
+ remaining -= argsize;
+ }
+
+ /* Store the actual size of the variable-length arg */
+ if (args->out_argvar)
+ args->out_args[args->out_numargs - 1].size = remaining;
+
+ kfree(req->argbuf);
+ req->argbuf = NULL;
+}
+
+/* Work function for request completion */
+static void virtio_fs_requests_done_work(struct work_struct *work)
+{
+ struct virtio_fs_vq *fsvq = container_of(work, struct virtio_fs_vq,
+ done_work);
+ struct fuse_pqueue *fpq = &fsvq->fud->pq;
+ struct fuse_conn *fc = fsvq->fud->fc;
+ struct virtqueue *vq = fsvq->vq;
+ struct fuse_req *req;
+ struct fuse_args_pages *ap;
+ struct fuse_req *next;
+ struct fuse_args *args;
+ unsigned int len, i, thislen;
+ struct page *page;
+ LIST_HEAD(reqs);
+
+ /* Collect completed requests off the virtqueue */
+ spin_lock(&fsvq->lock);
+ do {
+ virtqueue_disable_cb(vq);
+
+ while ((req = virtqueue_get_buf(vq, &len)) != NULL) {
+ spin_lock(&fpq->lock);
+ list_move_tail(&req->list, &reqs);
+ spin_unlock(&fpq->lock);
+ }
+ } while (!virtqueue_enable_cb(vq) && likely(!virtqueue_is_broken(vq)));
+ spin_unlock(&fsvq->lock);
+
+ /* End requests */
+ list_for_each_entry_safe(req, next, &reqs, list) {
+ /*
+ * TODO verify that server properly follows FUSE protocol
+ * (oh.uniq, oh.len)
+ */
+ args = req->args;
+ copy_args_from_argbuf(args, req);
+
+ if (args->out_pages && args->page_zeroing) {
+ len = args->out_args[args->out_numargs - 1].size;
+ ap = container_of(args, typeof(*ap), args);
+ for (i = 0; i < ap->num_pages; i++) {
+ thislen = ap->descs[i].length;
+ if (len < thislen) {
+ WARN_ON(ap->descs[i].offset);
+ page = ap->pages[i];
+ zero_user_segment(page, len, thislen);
+ len = 0;
+ } else {
+ len -= thislen;
+ }
+ }
+ }
+
+ spin_lock(&fpq->lock);
+ clear_bit(FR_SENT, &req->flags);
+ list_del_init(&req->list);
+ spin_unlock(&fpq->lock);
+
+ fuse_request_end(fc, req);
+ spin_lock(&fsvq->lock);
+ fsvq->in_flight--;
+ spin_unlock(&fsvq->lock);
+ }
+}
+
+/* Virtqueue interrupt handler */
+static void virtio_fs_vq_done(struct virtqueue *vq)
+{
+ struct virtio_fs_vq *fsvq = vq_to_fsvq(vq);
+
+ dev_dbg(&vq->vdev->dev, "%s %s\n", __func__, fsvq->name);
+
+ schedule_work(&fsvq->done_work);
+}
+
+/* Initialize virtqueues */
+static int virtio_fs_setup_vqs(struct virtio_device *vdev,
+ struct virtio_fs *fs)
+{
+ struct virtqueue **vqs;
+ vq_callback_t **callbacks;
+ const char **names;
+ unsigned int i;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ virtio_cread(vdev, struct virtio_fs_config, num_request_queues,
+ &fs->num_request_queues);
+ if (fs->num_request_queues == 0)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ fs->nvqs = 1 + fs->num_request_queues;
+ fs->vqs = kcalloc(fs->nvqs, sizeof(fs->vqs[VQ_HIPRIO]), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!fs->vqs)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ vqs = kmalloc_array(fs->nvqs, sizeof(vqs[VQ_HIPRIO]), GFP_KERNEL);
+ callbacks = kmalloc_array(fs->nvqs, sizeof(callbacks[VQ_HIPRIO]),
+ GFP_KERNEL);
+ names = kmalloc_array(fs->nvqs, sizeof(names[VQ_HIPRIO]), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!vqs || !callbacks || !names) {
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ callbacks[VQ_HIPRIO] = virtio_fs_vq_done;
+ snprintf(fs->vqs[VQ_HIPRIO].name, sizeof(fs->vqs[VQ_HIPRIO].name),
+ "hiprio");
+ names[VQ_HIPRIO] = fs->vqs[VQ_HIPRIO].name;
+ INIT_WORK(&fs->vqs[VQ_HIPRIO].done_work, virtio_fs_hiprio_done_work);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&fs->vqs[VQ_HIPRIO].queued_reqs);
+ INIT_DELAYED_WORK(&fs->vqs[VQ_HIPRIO].dispatch_work,
+ virtio_fs_hiprio_dispatch_work);
+ spin_lock_init(&fs->vqs[VQ_HIPRIO].lock);
+
+ /* Initialize the requests virtqueues */
+ for (i = VQ_REQUEST; i < fs->nvqs; i++) {
+ spin_lock_init(&fs->vqs[i].lock);
+ INIT_WORK(&fs->vqs[i].done_work, virtio_fs_requests_done_work);
+ INIT_DELAYED_WORK(&fs->vqs[i].dispatch_work,
+ virtio_fs_dummy_dispatch_work);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&fs->vqs[i].queued_reqs);
+ snprintf(fs->vqs[i].name, sizeof(fs->vqs[i].name),
+ "requests.%u", i - VQ_REQUEST);
+ callbacks[i] = virtio_fs_vq_done;
+ names[i] = fs->vqs[i].name;
+ }
+
+ ret = virtio_find_vqs(vdev, fs->nvqs, vqs, callbacks, names, NULL);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto out;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < fs->nvqs; i++)
+ fs->vqs[i].vq = vqs[i];
+
+ virtio_fs_start_all_queues(fs);
+out:
+ kfree(names);
+ kfree(callbacks);
+ kfree(vqs);
+ if (ret)
+ kfree(fs->vqs);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/* Free virtqueues (device must already be reset) */
+static void virtio_fs_cleanup_vqs(struct virtio_device *vdev,
+ struct virtio_fs *fs)
+{
+ vdev->config->del_vqs(vdev);
+}
+
+static int virtio_fs_probe(struct virtio_device *vdev)
+{
+ struct virtio_fs *fs;
+ int ret;
+
+ fs = kzalloc(sizeof(*fs), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!fs)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ kref_init(&fs->refcount);
+ vdev->priv = fs;
+
+ ret = virtio_fs_read_tag(vdev, fs);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto out;
+
+ ret = virtio_fs_setup_vqs(vdev, fs);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto out;
+
+ /* TODO vq affinity */
+
+ /* Bring the device online in case the filesystem is mounted and
+ * requests need to be sent before we return.
+ */
+ virtio_device_ready(vdev);
+
+ ret = virtio_fs_add_instance(fs);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto out_vqs;
+
+ return 0;
+
+out_vqs:
+ vdev->config->reset(vdev);
+ virtio_fs_cleanup_vqs(vdev, fs);
+
+out:
+ vdev->priv = NULL;
+ kfree(fs);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static void virtio_fs_stop_all_queues(struct virtio_fs *fs)
+{
+ struct virtio_fs_vq *fsvq;
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < fs->nvqs; i++) {
+ fsvq = &fs->vqs[i];
+ spin_lock(&fsvq->lock);
+ fsvq->connected = false;
+ spin_unlock(&fsvq->lock);
+ }
+}
+
+static void virtio_fs_remove(struct virtio_device *vdev)
+{
+ struct virtio_fs *fs = vdev->priv;
+
+ mutex_lock(&virtio_fs_mutex);
+ /* This device is going away. No one should get new reference */
+ list_del_init(&fs->list);
+ virtio_fs_stop_all_queues(fs);
+ virtio_fs_drain_all_queues(fs);
+ vdev->config->reset(vdev);
+ virtio_fs_cleanup_vqs(vdev, fs);
+
+ vdev->priv = NULL;
+ /* Put device reference on virtio_fs object */
+ virtio_fs_put(fs);
+ mutex_unlock(&virtio_fs_mutex);
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_PM_SLEEP
+static int virtio_fs_freeze(struct virtio_device *vdev)
+{
+ /* TODO need to save state here */
+ pr_warn("virtio-fs: suspend/resume not yet supported\n");
+ return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+}
+
+static int virtio_fs_restore(struct virtio_device *vdev)
+{
+ /* TODO need to restore state here */
+ return 0;
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_PM_SLEEP */
+
+const static struct virtio_device_id id_table[] = {
+ { VIRTIO_ID_FS, VIRTIO_DEV_ANY_ID },
+ {},
+};
+
+const static unsigned int feature_table[] = {};
+
+static struct virtio_driver virtio_fs_driver = {
+ .driver.name = KBUILD_MODNAME,
+ .driver.owner = THIS_MODULE,
+ .id_table = id_table,
+ .feature_table = feature_table,
+ .feature_table_size = ARRAY_SIZE(feature_table),
+ .probe = virtio_fs_probe,
+ .remove = virtio_fs_remove,
+#ifdef CONFIG_PM_SLEEP
+ .freeze = virtio_fs_freeze,
+ .restore = virtio_fs_restore,
+#endif
+};
+
+static void virtio_fs_wake_forget_and_unlock(struct fuse_iqueue *fiq)
+__releases(fiq->lock)
+{
+ struct fuse_forget_link *link;
+ struct virtio_fs_forget *forget;
+ struct scatterlist sg;
+ struct scatterlist *sgs[] = {&sg};
+ struct virtio_fs *fs;
+ struct virtqueue *vq;
+ struct virtio_fs_vq *fsvq;
+ bool notify;
+ u64 unique;
+ int ret;
+
+ link = fuse_dequeue_forget(fiq, 1, NULL);
+ unique = fuse_get_unique(fiq);
+
+ fs = fiq->priv;
+ fsvq = &fs->vqs[VQ_HIPRIO];
+ spin_unlock(&fiq->lock);
+
+ /* Allocate a buffer for the request */
+ forget = kmalloc(sizeof(*forget), GFP_NOFS | __GFP_NOFAIL);
+
+ forget->ih = (struct fuse_in_header){
+ .opcode = FUSE_FORGET,
+ .nodeid = link->forget_one.nodeid,
+ .unique = unique,
+ .len = sizeof(*forget),
+ };
+ forget->arg = (struct fuse_forget_in){
+ .nlookup = link->forget_one.nlookup,
+ };
+
+ sg_init_one(&sg, forget, sizeof(*forget));
+
+ /* Enqueue the request */
+ spin_lock(&fsvq->lock);
+
+ if (!fsvq->connected) {
+ kfree(forget);
+ spin_unlock(&fsvq->lock);
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ vq = fsvq->vq;
+ dev_dbg(&vq->vdev->dev, "%s\n", __func__);
+
+ ret = virtqueue_add_sgs(vq, sgs, 1, 0, forget, GFP_ATOMIC);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ if (ret == -ENOMEM || ret == -ENOSPC) {
+ pr_debug("virtio-fs: Could not queue FORGET: err=%d. Will try later.\n",
+ ret);
+ list_add_tail(&forget->list, &fsvq->queued_reqs);
+ schedule_delayed_work(&fsvq->dispatch_work,
+ msecs_to_jiffies(1));
+ } else {
+ pr_debug("virtio-fs: Could not queue FORGET: err=%d. Dropping it.\n",
+ ret);
+ kfree(forget);
+ }
+ spin_unlock(&fsvq->lock);
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ fsvq->in_flight++;
+ notify = virtqueue_kick_prepare(vq);
+
+ spin_unlock(&fsvq->lock);
+
+ if (notify)
+ virtqueue_notify(vq);
+out:
+ kfree(link);
+}
+
+static void virtio_fs_wake_interrupt_and_unlock(struct fuse_iqueue *fiq)
+__releases(fiq->lock)
+{
+ /*
+ * TODO interrupts.
+ *
+ * Normal fs operations on a local filesystems aren't interruptible.
+ * Exceptions are blocking lock operations; for example fcntl(F_SETLKW)
+ * with shared lock between host and guest.
+ */
+ spin_unlock(&fiq->lock);
+}
+
+/* Return the number of scatter-gather list elements required */
+static unsigned int sg_count_fuse_req(struct fuse_req *req)
+{
+ struct fuse_args *args = req->args;
+ struct fuse_args_pages *ap = container_of(args, typeof(*ap), args);
+ unsigned int total_sgs = 1 /* fuse_in_header */;
+
+ if (args->in_numargs - args->in_pages)
+ total_sgs += 1;
+
+ if (args->in_pages)
+ total_sgs += ap->num_pages;
+
+ if (!test_bit(FR_ISREPLY, &req->flags))
+ return total_sgs;
+
+ total_sgs += 1 /* fuse_out_header */;
+
+ if (args->out_numargs - args->out_pages)
+ total_sgs += 1;
+
+ if (args->out_pages)
+ total_sgs += ap->num_pages;
+
+ return total_sgs;
+}
+
+/* Add pages to scatter-gather list and return number of elements used */
+static unsigned int sg_init_fuse_pages(struct scatterlist *sg,
+ struct page **pages,
+ struct fuse_page_desc *page_descs,
+ unsigned int num_pages,
+ unsigned int total_len)
+{
+ unsigned int i;
+ unsigned int this_len;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < num_pages && total_len; i++) {
+ sg_init_table(&sg[i], 1);
+ this_len = min(page_descs[i].length, total_len);
+ sg_set_page(&sg[i], pages[i], this_len, page_descs[i].offset);
+ total_len -= this_len;
+ }
+
+ return i;
+}
+
+/* Add args to scatter-gather list and return number of elements used */
+static unsigned int sg_init_fuse_args(struct scatterlist *sg,
+ struct fuse_req *req,
+ struct fuse_arg *args,
+ unsigned int numargs,
+ bool argpages,
+ void *argbuf,
+ unsigned int *len_used)
+{
+ struct fuse_args_pages *ap = container_of(req->args, typeof(*ap), args);
+ unsigned int total_sgs = 0;
+ unsigned int len;
+
+ len = fuse_len_args(numargs - argpages, args);
+ if (len)
+ sg_init_one(&sg[total_sgs++], argbuf, len);
+
+ if (argpages)
+ total_sgs += sg_init_fuse_pages(&sg[total_sgs],
+ ap->pages, ap->descs,
+ ap->num_pages,
+ args[numargs - 1].size);
+
+ if (len_used)
+ *len_used = len;
+
+ return total_sgs;
+}
+
+/* Add a request to a virtqueue and kick the device */
+static int virtio_fs_enqueue_req(struct virtio_fs_vq *fsvq,
+ struct fuse_req *req)
+{
+ /* requests need at least 4 elements */
+ struct scatterlist *stack_sgs[6];
+ struct scatterlist stack_sg[ARRAY_SIZE(stack_sgs)];
+ struct scatterlist **sgs = stack_sgs;
+ struct scatterlist *sg = stack_sg;
+ struct virtqueue *vq;
+ struct fuse_args *args = req->args;
+ unsigned int argbuf_used = 0;
+ unsigned int out_sgs = 0;
+ unsigned int in_sgs = 0;
+ unsigned int total_sgs;
+ unsigned int i;
+ int ret;
+ bool notify;
+
+ /* Does the sglist fit on the stack? */
+ total_sgs = sg_count_fuse_req(req);
+ if (total_sgs > ARRAY_SIZE(stack_sgs)) {
+ sgs = kmalloc_array(total_sgs, sizeof(sgs[0]), GFP_ATOMIC);
+ sg = kmalloc_array(total_sgs, sizeof(sg[0]), GFP_ATOMIC);
+ if (!sgs || !sg) {
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ goto out;
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* Use a bounce buffer since stack args cannot be mapped */
+ ret = copy_args_to_argbuf(req);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto out;
+
+ /* Request elements */
+ sg_init_one(&sg[out_sgs++], &req->in.h, sizeof(req->in.h));
+ out_sgs += sg_init_fuse_args(&sg[out_sgs], req,
+ (struct fuse_arg *)args->in_args,
+ args->in_numargs, args->in_pages,
+ req->argbuf, &argbuf_used);
+
+ /* Reply elements */
+ if (test_bit(FR_ISREPLY, &req->flags)) {
+ sg_init_one(&sg[out_sgs + in_sgs++],
+ &req->out.h, sizeof(req->out.h));
+ in_sgs += sg_init_fuse_args(&sg[out_sgs + in_sgs], req,
+ args->out_args, args->out_numargs,
+ args->out_pages,
+ req->argbuf + argbuf_used, NULL);
+ }
+
+ WARN_ON(out_sgs + in_sgs != total_sgs);
+
+ for (i = 0; i < total_sgs; i++)
+ sgs[i] = &sg[i];
+
+ spin_lock(&fsvq->lock);
+
+ if (!fsvq->connected) {
+ spin_unlock(&fsvq->lock);
+ ret = -ENOTCONN;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ vq = fsvq->vq;
+ ret = virtqueue_add_sgs(vq, sgs, out_sgs, in_sgs, req, GFP_ATOMIC);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ spin_unlock(&fsvq->lock);
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ fsvq->in_flight++;
+ notify = virtqueue_kick_prepare(vq);
+
+ spin_unlock(&fsvq->lock);
+
+ if (notify)
+ virtqueue_notify(vq);
+
+out:
+ if (ret < 0 && req->argbuf) {
+ kfree(req->argbuf);
+ req->argbuf = NULL;
+ }
+ if (sgs != stack_sgs) {
+ kfree(sgs);
+ kfree(sg);
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static void virtio_fs_wake_pending_and_unlock(struct fuse_iqueue *fiq)
+__releases(fiq->lock)
+{
+ unsigned int queue_id = VQ_REQUEST; /* TODO multiqueue */
+ struct virtio_fs *fs;
+ struct fuse_conn *fc;
+ struct fuse_req *req;
+ struct fuse_pqueue *fpq;
+ int ret;
+
+ WARN_ON(list_empty(&fiq->pending));
+ req = list_last_entry(&fiq->pending, struct fuse_req, list);
+ clear_bit(FR_PENDING, &req->flags);
+ list_del_init(&req->list);
+ WARN_ON(!list_empty(&fiq->pending));
+ spin_unlock(&fiq->lock);
+
+ fs = fiq->priv;
+ fc = fs->vqs[queue_id].fud->fc;
+
+ pr_debug("%s: opcode %u unique %#llx nodeid %#llx in.len %u out.len %u\n",
+ __func__, req->in.h.opcode, req->in.h.unique,
+ req->in.h.nodeid, req->in.h.len,
+ fuse_len_args(req->args->out_numargs, req->args->out_args));
+
+ fpq = &fs->vqs[queue_id].fud->pq;
+ spin_lock(&fpq->lock);
+ if (!fpq->connected) {
+ spin_unlock(&fpq->lock);
+ req->out.h.error = -ENODEV;
+ pr_err("virtio-fs: %s disconnected\n", __func__);
+ fuse_request_end(fc, req);
+ return;
+ }
+ list_add_tail(&req->list, fpq->processing);
+ spin_unlock(&fpq->lock);
+ set_bit(FR_SENT, &req->flags);
+ /* matches barrier in request_wait_answer() */
+ smp_mb__after_atomic();
+
+retry:
+ ret = virtio_fs_enqueue_req(&fs->vqs[queue_id], req);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ if (ret == -ENOMEM || ret == -ENOSPC) {
+ /* Virtqueue full. Retry submission */
+ /* TODO use completion instead of timeout */
+ usleep_range(20, 30);
+ goto retry;
+ }
+ req->out.h.error = ret;
+ pr_err("virtio-fs: virtio_fs_enqueue_req() failed %d\n", ret);
+ spin_lock(&fpq->lock);
+ clear_bit(FR_SENT, &req->flags);
+ list_del_init(&req->list);
+ spin_unlock(&fpq->lock);
+ fuse_request_end(fc, req);
+ return;
+ }
+}
+
+const static struct fuse_iqueue_ops virtio_fs_fiq_ops = {
+ .wake_forget_and_unlock = virtio_fs_wake_forget_and_unlock,
+ .wake_interrupt_and_unlock = virtio_fs_wake_interrupt_and_unlock,
+ .wake_pending_and_unlock = virtio_fs_wake_pending_and_unlock,
+ .release = virtio_fs_fiq_release,
+};
+
+static int virtio_fs_fill_super(struct super_block *sb)
+{
+ struct fuse_conn *fc = get_fuse_conn_super(sb);
+ struct virtio_fs *fs = fc->iq.priv;
+ unsigned int i;
+ int err;
+ struct fuse_fs_context ctx = {
+ .rootmode = S_IFDIR,
+ .default_permissions = 1,
+ .allow_other = 1,
+ .max_read = UINT_MAX,
+ .blksize = 512,
+ .destroy = true,
+ .no_control = true,
+ .no_force_umount = true,
+ };
+
+ mutex_lock(&virtio_fs_mutex);
+
+ /* After holding mutex, make sure virtiofs device is still there.
+ * Though we are holding a reference to it, drive ->remove might
+ * still have cleaned up virtual queues. In that case bail out.
+ */
+ err = -EINVAL;
+ if (list_empty(&fs->list)) {
+ pr_info("virtio-fs: tag <%s> not found\n", fs->tag);
+ goto err;
+ }
+
+ err = -ENOMEM;
+ /* Allocate fuse_dev for hiprio and notification queues */
+ for (i = 0; i < VQ_REQUEST; i++) {
+ struct virtio_fs_vq *fsvq = &fs->vqs[i];
+
+ fsvq->fud = fuse_dev_alloc();
+ if (!fsvq->fud)
+ goto err_free_fuse_devs;
+ }
+
+ ctx.fudptr = (void **)&fs->vqs[VQ_REQUEST].fud;
+ err = fuse_fill_super_common(sb, &ctx);
+ if (err < 0)
+ goto err_free_fuse_devs;
+
+ fc = fs->vqs[VQ_REQUEST].fud->fc;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < fs->nvqs; i++) {
+ struct virtio_fs_vq *fsvq = &fs->vqs[i];
+
+ if (i == VQ_REQUEST)
+ continue; /* already initialized */
+ fuse_dev_install(fsvq->fud, fc);
+ }
+
+ /* Previous unmount will stop all queues. Start these again */
+ virtio_fs_start_all_queues(fs);
+ fuse_send_init(fc);
+ mutex_unlock(&virtio_fs_mutex);
+ return 0;
+
+err_free_fuse_devs:
+ virtio_fs_free_devs(fs);
+err:
+ mutex_unlock(&virtio_fs_mutex);
+ return err;
+}
+
+static void virtio_kill_sb(struct super_block *sb)
+{
+ struct fuse_conn *fc = get_fuse_conn_super(sb);
+ struct virtio_fs *vfs;
+ struct virtio_fs_vq *fsvq;
+
+ /* If mount failed, we can still be called without any fc */
+ if (!fc)
+ return fuse_kill_sb_anon(sb);
+
+ vfs = fc->iq.priv;
+ fsvq = &vfs->vqs[VQ_HIPRIO];
+
+ /* Stop forget queue. Soon destroy will be sent */
+ spin_lock(&fsvq->lock);
+ fsvq->connected = false;
+ spin_unlock(&fsvq->lock);
+ virtio_fs_drain_all_queues(vfs);
+
+ fuse_kill_sb_anon(sb);
+
+ /* fuse_kill_sb_anon() must have sent destroy. Stop all queues
+ * and drain one more time and free fuse devices. Freeing fuse
+ * devices will drop their reference on fuse_conn and that in
+ * turn will drop its reference on virtio_fs object.
+ */
+ virtio_fs_stop_all_queues(vfs);
+ virtio_fs_drain_all_queues(vfs);
+ virtio_fs_free_devs(vfs);
+}
+
+static int virtio_fs_test_super(struct super_block *sb,
+ struct fs_context *fsc)
+{
+ struct fuse_conn *fc = fsc->s_fs_info;
+
+ return fc->iq.priv == get_fuse_conn_super(sb)->iq.priv;
+}
+
+static int virtio_fs_set_super(struct super_block *sb,
+ struct fs_context *fsc)
+{
+ int err;
+
+ err = get_anon_bdev(&sb->s_dev);
+ if (!err)
+ fuse_conn_get(fsc->s_fs_info);
+
+ return err;
+}
+
+static int virtio_fs_get_tree(struct fs_context *fsc)
+{
+ struct virtio_fs *fs;
+ struct super_block *sb;
+ struct fuse_conn *fc;
+ int err;
+
+ /* This gets a reference on virtio_fs object. This ptr gets installed
+ * in fc->iq->priv. Once fuse_conn is going away, it calls ->put()
+ * to drop the reference to this object.
+ */
+ fs = virtio_fs_find_instance(fsc->source);
+ if (!fs) {
+ pr_info("virtio-fs: tag <%s> not found\n", fsc->source);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ fc = kzalloc(sizeof(struct fuse_conn), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!fc) {
+ mutex_lock(&virtio_fs_mutex);
+ virtio_fs_put(fs);
+ mutex_unlock(&virtio_fs_mutex);
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
+
+ fuse_conn_init(fc, get_user_ns(current_user_ns()), &virtio_fs_fiq_ops,
+ fs);
+ fc->release = fuse_free_conn;
+ fc->delete_stale = true;
+
+ fsc->s_fs_info = fc;
+ sb = sget_fc(fsc, virtio_fs_test_super, virtio_fs_set_super);
+ fuse_conn_put(fc);
+ if (IS_ERR(sb))
+ return PTR_ERR(sb);
+
+ if (!sb->s_root) {
+ err = virtio_fs_fill_super(sb);
+ if (err) {
+ deactivate_locked_super(sb);
+ return err;
+ }
+
+ sb->s_flags |= SB_ACTIVE;
+ }
+
+ WARN_ON(fsc->root);
+ fsc->root = dget(sb->s_root);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static const struct fs_context_operations virtio_fs_context_ops = {
+ .get_tree = virtio_fs_get_tree,
+};
+
+static int virtio_fs_init_fs_context(struct fs_context *fsc)
+{
+ fsc->ops = &virtio_fs_context_ops;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static struct file_system_type virtio_fs_type = {
+ .owner = THIS_MODULE,
+ .name = "virtiofs",
+ .init_fs_context = virtio_fs_init_fs_context,
+ .kill_sb = virtio_kill_sb,
+};
+
+static int __init virtio_fs_init(void)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = register_virtio_driver(&virtio_fs_driver);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ ret = register_filesystem(&virtio_fs_type);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ unregister_virtio_driver(&virtio_fs_driver);
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+module_init(virtio_fs_init);
+
+static void __exit virtio_fs_exit(void)
+{
+ unregister_filesystem(&virtio_fs_type);
+ unregister_virtio_driver(&virtio_fs_driver);
+}
+module_exit(virtio_fs_exit);
+
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Stefan Hajnoczi <stefanha@redhat.com>");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Virtio Filesystem");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
+MODULE_ALIAS_FS(KBUILD_MODNAME);
+MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(virtio, id_table);

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