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authorJuergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>2014-09-17 06:12:35 +0200
committerDavid Vrabel <david.vrabel@citrix.com>2014-10-03 12:34:52 +0100
commitbca9b6855888d978d6e5399b0a8a8ed9a11e9236 (patch)
tree2052b57808d6425af8ea978269d4b52a8fb37cbd /include/xen
parent8ab85eba49c6f4ad67b65fb61104b912f86a1546 (diff)
xen: sync some headers with xen tree
To be able to use an initially unmapped initrd with xen the following header files must be synced to a newer version from the xen tree: include/xen/interface/elfnote.h include/xen/interface/xen.h As the KEXEC and DUMPCORE related ELFNOTES are not relevant for the kernel they are omitted from elfnote.h. Signed-off-by: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com> Signed-off-by: David Vrabel <david.vrabel@citrix.com>
Diffstat (limited to 'include/xen')
-rw-r--r--include/xen/interface/elfnote.h48
-rw-r--r--include/xen/interface/xen.h272
2 files changed, 294 insertions, 26 deletions
diff --git a/include/xen/interface/elfnote.h b/include/xen/interface/elfnote.h
index 6f4eae328ca7..f90b03454659 100644
--- a/include/xen/interface/elfnote.h
+++ b/include/xen/interface/elfnote.h
@@ -3,6 +3,24 @@
*
* Definitions used for the Xen ELF notes.
*
+ * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
+ * of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to
+ * deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the
+ * rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or
+ * sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
+ * furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
+ *
+ * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
+ * all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
+ *
+ * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
+ * IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
+ * AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
+ * LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING
+ * FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER
+ * DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
+ *
* Copyright (c) 2006, Ian Campbell, XenSource Ltd.
*/
@@ -18,12 +36,13 @@
*
* LEGACY indicated the fields in the legacy __xen_guest string which
* this a note type replaces.
+ *
+ * String values (for non-legacy) are NULL terminated ASCII, also known
+ * as ASCIZ type.
*/
/*
* NAME=VALUE pair (string).
- *
- * LEGACY: FEATURES and PAE
*/
#define XEN_ELFNOTE_INFO 0
@@ -137,10 +156,30 @@
/*
* Whether or not the guest supports cooperative suspend cancellation.
+ * This is a numeric value.
+ *
+ * Default is 0
*/
#define XEN_ELFNOTE_SUSPEND_CANCEL 14
/*
+ * The (non-default) location the initial phys-to-machine map should be
+ * placed at by the hypervisor (Dom0) or the tools (DomU).
+ * The kernel must be prepared for this mapping to be established using
+ * large pages, despite such otherwise not being available to guests.
+ * The kernel must also be able to handle the page table pages used for
+ * this mapping not being accessible through the initial mapping.
+ * (Only x86-64 supports this at present.)
+ */
+#define XEN_ELFNOTE_INIT_P2M 15
+
+/*
+ * Whether or not the guest can deal with being passed an initrd not
+ * mapped through its initial page tables.
+ */
+#define XEN_ELFNOTE_MOD_START_PFN 16
+
+/*
* The features supported by this kernel (numeric).
*
* Other than XEN_ELFNOTE_FEATURES on pre-4.2 Xen, this note allows a
@@ -153,6 +192,11 @@
*/
#define XEN_ELFNOTE_SUPPORTED_FEATURES 17
+/*
+ * The number of the highest elfnote defined.
+ */
+#define XEN_ELFNOTE_MAX XEN_ELFNOTE_SUPPORTED_FEATURES
+
#endif /* __XEN_PUBLIC_ELFNOTE_H__ */
/*
diff --git a/include/xen/interface/xen.h b/include/xen/interface/xen.h
index de082130ba4b..f68719f405af 100644
--- a/include/xen/interface/xen.h
+++ b/include/xen/interface/xen.h
@@ -3,6 +3,24 @@
*
* Guest OS interface to Xen.
*
+ * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
+ * of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to
+ * deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the
+ * rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or
+ * sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
+ * furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
+ *
+ * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
+ * all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
+ *
+ * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
+ * IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
+ * AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
+ * LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING
+ * FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER
+ * DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
+ *
* Copyright (c) 2004, K A Fraser
*/
@@ -73,13 +91,23 @@
* VIRTUAL INTERRUPTS
*
* Virtual interrupts that a guest OS may receive from Xen.
+ * In the side comments, 'V.' denotes a per-VCPU VIRQ while 'G.' denotes a
+ * global VIRQ. The former can be bound once per VCPU and cannot be re-bound.
+ * The latter can be allocated only once per guest: they must initially be
+ * allocated to VCPU0 but can subsequently be re-bound.
*/
-#define VIRQ_TIMER 0 /* Timebase update, and/or requested timeout. */
-#define VIRQ_DEBUG 1 /* Request guest to dump debug info. */
-#define VIRQ_CONSOLE 2 /* (DOM0) Bytes received on emergency console. */
-#define VIRQ_DOM_EXC 3 /* (DOM0) Exceptional event for some domain. */
-#define VIRQ_DEBUGGER 6 /* (DOM0) A domain has paused for debugging. */
-#define VIRQ_PCPU_STATE 9 /* (DOM0) PCPU state changed */
+#define VIRQ_TIMER 0 /* V. Timebase update, and/or requested timeout. */
+#define VIRQ_DEBUG 1 /* V. Request guest to dump debug info. */
+#define VIRQ_CONSOLE 2 /* G. (DOM0) Bytes received on emergency console. */
+#define VIRQ_DOM_EXC 3 /* G. (DOM0) Exceptional event for some domain. */
+#define VIRQ_TBUF 4 /* G. (DOM0) Trace buffer has records available. */
+#define VIRQ_DEBUGGER 6 /* G. (DOM0) A domain has paused for debugging. */
+#define VIRQ_XENOPROF 7 /* V. XenOprofile interrupt: new sample available */
+#define VIRQ_CON_RING 8 /* G. (DOM0) Bytes received on console */
+#define VIRQ_PCPU_STATE 9 /* G. (DOM0) PCPU state changed */
+#define VIRQ_MEM_EVENT 10 /* G. (DOM0) A memory event has occured */
+#define VIRQ_XC_RESERVED 11 /* G. Reserved for XenClient */
+#define VIRQ_ENOMEM 12 /* G. (DOM0) Low on heap memory */
/* Architecture-specific VIRQ definitions. */
#define VIRQ_ARCH_0 16
@@ -92,24 +120,68 @@
#define VIRQ_ARCH_7 23
#define NR_VIRQS 24
+
/*
- * MMU-UPDATE REQUESTS
- *
- * HYPERVISOR_mmu_update() accepts a list of (ptr, val) pairs.
- * A foreigndom (FD) can be specified (or DOMID_SELF for none).
- * Where the FD has some effect, it is described below.
- * ptr[1:0] specifies the appropriate MMU_* command.
+ * enum neg_errnoval HYPERVISOR_mmu_update(const struct mmu_update reqs[],
+ * unsigned count, unsigned *done_out,
+ * unsigned foreigndom)
+ * @reqs is an array of mmu_update_t structures ((ptr, val) pairs).
+ * @count is the length of the above array.
+ * @pdone is an output parameter indicating number of completed operations
+ * @foreigndom[15:0]: FD, the expected owner of data pages referenced in this
+ * hypercall invocation. Can be DOMID_SELF.
+ * @foreigndom[31:16]: PFD, the expected owner of pagetable pages referenced
+ * in this hypercall invocation. The value of this field
+ * (x) encodes the PFD as follows:
+ * x == 0 => PFD == DOMID_SELF
+ * x != 0 => PFD == x - 1
*
+ * Sub-commands: ptr[1:0] specifies the appropriate MMU_* command.
+ * -------------
* ptr[1:0] == MMU_NORMAL_PT_UPDATE:
- * Updates an entry in a page table. If updating an L1 table, and the new
- * table entry is valid/present, the mapped frame must belong to the FD, if
- * an FD has been specified. If attempting to map an I/O page then the
- * caller assumes the privilege of the FD.
+ * Updates an entry in a page table belonging to PFD. If updating an L1 table,
+ * and the new table entry is valid/present, the mapped frame must belong to
+ * FD. If attempting to map an I/O page then the caller assumes the privilege
+ * of the FD.
* FD == DOMID_IO: Permit /only/ I/O mappings, at the priv level of the caller.
* FD == DOMID_XEN: Map restricted areas of Xen's heap space.
* ptr[:2] -- Machine address of the page-table entry to modify.
* val -- Value to write.
*
+ * There also certain implicit requirements when using this hypercall. The
+ * pages that make up a pagetable must be mapped read-only in the guest.
+ * This prevents uncontrolled guest updates to the pagetable. Xen strictly
+ * enforces this, and will disallow any pagetable update which will end up
+ * mapping pagetable page RW, and will disallow using any writable page as a
+ * pagetable. In practice it means that when constructing a page table for a
+ * process, thread, etc, we MUST be very dilligient in following these rules:
+ * 1). Start with top-level page (PGD or in Xen language: L4). Fill out
+ * the entries.
+ * 2). Keep on going, filling out the upper (PUD or L3), and middle (PMD
+ * or L2).
+ * 3). Start filling out the PTE table (L1) with the PTE entries. Once
+ * done, make sure to set each of those entries to RO (so writeable bit
+ * is unset). Once that has been completed, set the PMD (L2) for this
+ * PTE table as RO.
+ * 4). When completed with all of the PMD (L2) entries, and all of them have
+ * been set to RO, make sure to set RO the PUD (L3). Do the same
+ * operation on PGD (L4) pagetable entries that have a PUD (L3) entry.
+ * 5). Now before you can use those pages (so setting the cr3), you MUST also
+ * pin them so that the hypervisor can verify the entries. This is done
+ * via the HYPERVISOR_mmuext_op(MMUEXT_PIN_L4_TABLE, guest physical frame
+ * number of the PGD (L4)). And this point the HYPERVISOR_mmuext_op(
+ * MMUEXT_NEW_BASEPTR, guest physical frame number of the PGD (L4)) can be
+ * issued.
+ * For 32-bit guests, the L4 is not used (as there is less pagetables), so
+ * instead use L3.
+ * At this point the pagetables can be modified using the MMU_NORMAL_PT_UPDATE
+ * hypercall. Also if so desired the OS can also try to write to the PTE
+ * and be trapped by the hypervisor (as the PTE entry is RO).
+ *
+ * To deallocate the pages, the operations are the reverse of the steps
+ * mentioned above. The argument is MMUEXT_UNPIN_TABLE for all levels and the
+ * pagetable MUST not be in use (meaning that the cr3 is not set to it).
+ *
* ptr[1:0] == MMU_MACHPHYS_UPDATE:
* Updates an entry in the machine->pseudo-physical mapping table.
* ptr[:2] -- Machine address within the frame whose mapping to modify.
@@ -119,6 +191,72 @@
* ptr[1:0] == MMU_PT_UPDATE_PRESERVE_AD:
* As MMU_NORMAL_PT_UPDATE above, but A/D bits currently in the PTE are ORed
* with those in @val.
+ *
+ * @val is usually the machine frame number along with some attributes.
+ * The attributes by default follow the architecture defined bits. Meaning that
+ * if this is a X86_64 machine and four page table layout is used, the layout
+ * of val is:
+ * - 63 if set means No execute (NX)
+ * - 46-13 the machine frame number
+ * - 12 available for guest
+ * - 11 available for guest
+ * - 10 available for guest
+ * - 9 available for guest
+ * - 8 global
+ * - 7 PAT (PSE is disabled, must use hypercall to make 4MB or 2MB pages)
+ * - 6 dirty
+ * - 5 accessed
+ * - 4 page cached disabled
+ * - 3 page write through
+ * - 2 userspace accessible
+ * - 1 writeable
+ * - 0 present
+ *
+ * The one bits that does not fit with the default layout is the PAGE_PSE
+ * also called PAGE_PAT). The MMUEXT_[UN]MARK_SUPER arguments to the
+ * HYPERVISOR_mmuext_op serve as mechanism to set a pagetable to be 4MB
+ * (or 2MB) instead of using the PAGE_PSE bit.
+ *
+ * The reason that the PAGE_PSE (bit 7) is not being utilized is due to Xen
+ * using it as the Page Attribute Table (PAT) bit - for details on it please
+ * refer to Intel SDM 10.12. The PAT allows to set the caching attributes of
+ * pages instead of using MTRRs.
+ *
+ * The PAT MSR is as follows (it is a 64-bit value, each entry is 8 bits):
+ * PAT4 PAT0
+ * +-----+-----+----+----+----+-----+----+----+
+ * | UC | UC- | WC | WB | UC | UC- | WC | WB | <= Linux
+ * +-----+-----+----+----+----+-----+----+----+
+ * | UC | UC- | WT | WB | UC | UC- | WT | WB | <= BIOS (default when machine boots)
+ * +-----+-----+----+----+----+-----+----+----+
+ * | rsv | rsv | WP | WC | UC | UC- | WT | WB | <= Xen
+ * +-----+-----+----+----+----+-----+----+----+
+ *
+ * The lookup of this index table translates to looking up
+ * Bit 7, Bit 4, and Bit 3 of val entry:
+ *
+ * PAT/PSE (bit 7) ... PCD (bit 4) .. PWT (bit 3).
+ *
+ * If all bits are off, then we are using PAT0. If bit 3 turned on,
+ * then we are using PAT1, if bit 3 and bit 4, then PAT2..
+ *
+ * As you can see, the Linux PAT1 translates to PAT4 under Xen. Which means
+ * that if a guest that follows Linux's PAT setup and would like to set Write
+ * Combined on pages it MUST use PAT4 entry. Meaning that Bit 7 (PAGE_PAT) is
+ * set. For example, under Linux it only uses PAT0, PAT1, and PAT2 for the
+ * caching as:
+ *
+ * WB = none (so PAT0)
+ * WC = PWT (bit 3 on)
+ * UC = PWT | PCD (bit 3 and 4 are on).
+ *
+ * To make it work with Xen, it needs to translate the WC bit as so:
+ *
+ * PWT (so bit 3 on) --> PAT (so bit 7 is on) and clear bit 3
+ *
+ * And to translate back it would:
+ *
+ * PAT (bit 7 on) --> PWT (bit 3 on) and clear bit 7.
*/
#define MMU_NORMAL_PT_UPDATE 0 /* checked '*ptr = val'. ptr is MA. */
#define MMU_MACHPHYS_UPDATE 1 /* ptr = MA of frame to modify entry for */
@@ -127,7 +265,12 @@
/*
* MMU EXTENDED OPERATIONS
*
- * HYPERVISOR_mmuext_op() accepts a list of mmuext_op structures.
+ * enum neg_errnoval HYPERVISOR_mmuext_op(mmuext_op_t uops[],
+ * unsigned int count,
+ * unsigned int *pdone,
+ * unsigned int foreigndom)
+ */
+/* HYPERVISOR_mmuext_op() accepts a list of mmuext_op structures.
* A foreigndom (FD) can be specified (or DOMID_SELF for none).
* Where the FD has some effect, it is described below.
*
@@ -164,9 +307,23 @@
* cmd: MMUEXT_FLUSH_CACHE
* No additional arguments. Writes back and flushes cache contents.
*
+ * cmd: MMUEXT_FLUSH_CACHE_GLOBAL
+ * No additional arguments. Writes back and flushes cache contents
+ * on all CPUs in the system.
+ *
* cmd: MMUEXT_SET_LDT
* linear_addr: Linear address of LDT base (NB. must be page-aligned).
* nr_ents: Number of entries in LDT.
+ *
+ * cmd: MMUEXT_CLEAR_PAGE
+ * mfn: Machine frame number to be cleared.
+ *
+ * cmd: MMUEXT_COPY_PAGE
+ * mfn: Machine frame number of the destination page.
+ * src_mfn: Machine frame number of the source page.
+ *
+ * cmd: MMUEXT_[UN]MARK_SUPER
+ * mfn: Machine frame number of head of superpage to be [un]marked.
*/
#define MMUEXT_PIN_L1_TABLE 0
#define MMUEXT_PIN_L2_TABLE 1
@@ -183,12 +340,18 @@
#define MMUEXT_FLUSH_CACHE 12
#define MMUEXT_SET_LDT 13
#define MMUEXT_NEW_USER_BASEPTR 15
+#define MMUEXT_CLEAR_PAGE 16
+#define MMUEXT_COPY_PAGE 17
+#define MMUEXT_FLUSH_CACHE_GLOBAL 18
+#define MMUEXT_MARK_SUPER 19
+#define MMUEXT_UNMARK_SUPER 20
#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
struct mmuext_op {
unsigned int cmd;
union {
- /* [UN]PIN_TABLE, NEW_BASEPTR, NEW_USER_BASEPTR */
+ /* [UN]PIN_TABLE, NEW_BASEPTR, NEW_USER_BASEPTR
+ * CLEAR_PAGE, COPY_PAGE, [UN]MARK_SUPER */
xen_pfn_t mfn;
/* INVLPG_LOCAL, INVLPG_ALL, SET_LDT */
unsigned long linear_addr;
@@ -198,6 +361,8 @@ struct mmuext_op {
unsigned int nr_ents;
/* TLB_FLUSH_MULTI, INVLPG_MULTI */
void *vcpumask;
+ /* COPY_PAGE */
+ xen_pfn_t src_mfn;
} arg2;
};
DEFINE_GUEST_HANDLE_STRUCT(mmuext_op);
@@ -225,10 +390,23 @@ DEFINE_GUEST_HANDLE_STRUCT(mmuext_op);
*/
#define VMASST_CMD_enable 0
#define VMASST_CMD_disable 1
+
+/* x86/32 guests: simulate full 4GB segment limits. */
#define VMASST_TYPE_4gb_segments 0
+
+/* x86/32 guests: trap (vector 15) whenever above vmassist is used. */
#define VMASST_TYPE_4gb_segments_notify 1
+
+/*
+ * x86 guests: support writes to bottom-level PTEs.
+ * NB1. Page-directory entries cannot be written.
+ * NB2. Guest must continue to remove all writable mappings of PTEs.
+ */
#define VMASST_TYPE_writable_pagetables 2
+
+/* x86/PAE guests: support PDPTs above 4GB. */
#define VMASST_TYPE_pae_extended_cr3 3
+
#define MAX_VMASST_TYPE 3
#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
@@ -260,6 +438,15 @@ typedef uint16_t domid_t;
*/
#define DOMID_XEN (0x7FF2U)
+/* DOMID_COW is used as the owner of sharable pages */
+#define DOMID_COW (0x7FF3U)
+
+/* DOMID_INVALID is used to identify pages with unknown owner. */
+#define DOMID_INVALID (0x7FF4U)
+
+/* Idle domain. */
+#define DOMID_IDLE (0x7FFFU)
+
/*
* Send an array of these to HYPERVISOR_mmu_update().
* NB. The fields are natural pointer/address size for this architecture.
@@ -272,7 +459,9 @@ DEFINE_GUEST_HANDLE_STRUCT(mmu_update);
/*
* Send an array of these to HYPERVISOR_multicall().
- * NB. The fields are natural register size for this architecture.
+ * NB. The fields are logically the natural register size for this
+ * architecture. In cases where xen_ulong_t is larger than this then
+ * any unused bits in the upper portion must be zero.
*/
struct multicall_entry {
xen_ulong_t op;
@@ -442,8 +631,48 @@ struct start_info {
unsigned long mod_start; /* VIRTUAL address of pre-loaded module. */
unsigned long mod_len; /* Size (bytes) of pre-loaded module. */
int8_t cmd_line[MAX_GUEST_CMDLINE];
+ /* The pfn range here covers both page table and p->m table frames. */
+ unsigned long first_p2m_pfn;/* 1st pfn forming initial P->M table. */
+ unsigned long nr_p2m_frames;/* # of pfns forming initial P->M table. */
};
+/* These flags are passed in the 'flags' field of start_info_t. */
+#define SIF_PRIVILEGED (1<<0) /* Is the domain privileged? */
+#define SIF_INITDOMAIN (1<<1) /* Is this the initial control domain? */
+#define SIF_MULTIBOOT_MOD (1<<2) /* Is mod_start a multiboot module? */
+#define SIF_MOD_START_PFN (1<<3) /* Is mod_start a PFN? */
+#define SIF_PM_MASK (0xFF<<8) /* reserve 1 byte for xen-pm options */
+
+/*
+ * A multiboot module is a package containing modules very similar to a
+ * multiboot module array. The only differences are:
+ * - the array of module descriptors is by convention simply at the beginning
+ * of the multiboot module,
+ * - addresses in the module descriptors are based on the beginning of the
+ * multiboot module,
+ * - the number of modules is determined by a termination descriptor that has
+ * mod_start == 0.
+ *
+ * This permits to both build it statically and reference it in a configuration
+ * file, and let the PV guest easily rebase the addresses to virtual addresses
+ * and at the same time count the number of modules.
+ */
+struct xen_multiboot_mod_list {
+ /* Address of first byte of the module */
+ uint32_t mod_start;
+ /* Address of last byte of the module (inclusive) */
+ uint32_t mod_end;
+ /* Address of zero-terminated command line */
+ uint32_t cmdline;
+ /* Unused, must be zero */
+ uint32_t pad;
+};
+/*
+ * The console structure in start_info.console.dom0
+ *
+ * This structure includes a variety of information required to
+ * have a working VGA/VESA console.
+ */
struct dom0_vga_console_info {
uint8_t video_type;
#define XEN_VGATYPE_TEXT_MODE_3 0x03
@@ -484,11 +713,6 @@ struct dom0_vga_console_info {
} u;
};
-/* These flags are passed in the 'flags' field of start_info_t. */
-#define SIF_PRIVILEGED (1<<0) /* Is the domain privileged? */
-#define SIF_INITDOMAIN (1<<1) /* Is this the initial control domain? */
-#define SIF_PM_MASK (0xFF<<8) /* reserve 1 byte for xen-pm options */
-
typedef uint64_t cpumap_t;
typedef uint8_t xen_domain_handle_t[16];

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