aboutsummaryrefslogtreecommitdiffstats
diff options
context:
space:
mode:
-rw-r--r--Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt11
-rw-r--r--Makefile4
-rw-r--r--arch/Kconfig23
-rw-r--r--include/linux/randomize_kstack.h54
-rw-r--r--init/main.c23
5 files changed, 115 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt b/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
index 04545725f187..bee8644a192e 100644
--- a/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
+++ b/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
@@ -4061,6 +4061,17 @@
fully seed the kernel's CRNG. Default is controlled
by CONFIG_RANDOM_TRUST_CPU.
+ randomize_kstack_offset=
+ [KNL] Enable or disable kernel stack offset
+ randomization, which provides roughly 5 bits of
+ entropy, frustrating memory corruption attacks
+ that depend on stack address determinism or
+ cross-syscall address exposures. This is only
+ available on architectures that have defined
+ CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_RANDOMIZE_KSTACK_OFFSET.
+ Format: <bool> (1/Y/y=enable, 0/N/n=disable)
+ Default is CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_KSTACK_OFFSET_DEFAULT.
+
ras=option[,option,...] [KNL] RAS-specific options
cec_disable [X86]
diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
index cc77fd45ca64..d3bf50326d69 100644
--- a/Makefile
+++ b/Makefile
@@ -813,6 +813,10 @@ KBUILD_CFLAGS += -ftrivial-auto-var-init=zero
KBUILD_CFLAGS += -enable-trivial-auto-var-init-zero-knowing-it-will-be-removed-from-clang
endif
+# While VLAs have been removed, GCC produces unreachable stack probes
+# for the randomize_kstack_offset feature. Disable it for all compilers.
+KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option, -fno-stack-clash-protection)
+
DEBUG_CFLAGS :=
# Workaround for GCC versions < 5.0
diff --git a/arch/Kconfig b/arch/Kconfig
index ecfd3520b676..6b11c825fc36 100644
--- a/arch/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/Kconfig
@@ -1054,6 +1054,29 @@ config VMAP_STACK
backing virtual mappings with real shadow memory, and KASAN_VMALLOC
must be enabled.
+config HAVE_ARCH_RANDOMIZE_KSTACK_OFFSET
+ def_bool n
+ help
+ An arch should select this symbol if it can support kernel stack
+ offset randomization with calls to add_random_kstack_offset()
+ during syscall entry and choose_random_kstack_offset() during
+ syscall exit. Careful removal of -fstack-protector-strong and
+ -fstack-protector should also be applied to the entry code and
+ closely examined, as the artificial stack bump looks like an array
+ to the compiler, so it will attempt to add canary checks regardless
+ of the static branch state.
+
+config RANDOMIZE_KSTACK_OFFSET_DEFAULT
+ bool "Randomize kernel stack offset on syscall entry"
+ depends on HAVE_ARCH_RANDOMIZE_KSTACK_OFFSET
+ help
+ The kernel stack offset can be randomized (after pt_regs) by
+ roughly 5 bits of entropy, frustrating memory corruption
+ attacks that depend on stack address determinism or
+ cross-syscall address exposures. This feature is controlled
+ by kernel boot param "randomize_kstack_offset=on/off", and this
+ config chooses the default boot state.
+
config ARCH_OPTIONAL_KERNEL_RWX
def_bool n
diff --git a/include/linux/randomize_kstack.h b/include/linux/randomize_kstack.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..fd80fab663a9
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/randomize_kstack.h
@@ -0,0 +1,54 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */
+#ifndef _LINUX_RANDOMIZE_KSTACK_H
+#define _LINUX_RANDOMIZE_KSTACK_H
+
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/jump_label.h>
+#include <linux/percpu-defs.h>
+
+DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_MAYBE(CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_KSTACK_OFFSET_DEFAULT,
+ randomize_kstack_offset);
+DECLARE_PER_CPU(u32, kstack_offset);
+
+/*
+ * Do not use this anywhere else in the kernel. This is used here because
+ * it provides an arch-agnostic way to grow the stack with correct
+ * alignment. Also, since this use is being explicitly masked to a max of
+ * 10 bits, stack-clash style attacks are unlikely. For more details see
+ * "VLAs" in Documentation/process/deprecated.rst
+ */
+void *__builtin_alloca(size_t size);
+/*
+ * Use, at most, 10 bits of entropy. We explicitly cap this to keep the
+ * "VLA" from being unbounded (see above). 10 bits leaves enough room for
+ * per-arch offset masks to reduce entropy (by removing higher bits, since
+ * high entropy may overly constrain usable stack space), and for
+ * compiler/arch-specific stack alignment to remove the lower bits.
+ */
+#define KSTACK_OFFSET_MAX(x) ((x) & 0x3FF)
+
+/*
+ * These macros must be used during syscall entry when interrupts and
+ * preempt are disabled, and after user registers have been stored to
+ * the stack.
+ */
+#define add_random_kstack_offset() do { \
+ if (static_branch_maybe(CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_KSTACK_OFFSET_DEFAULT, \
+ &randomize_kstack_offset)) { \
+ u32 offset = raw_cpu_read(kstack_offset); \
+ u8 *ptr = __builtin_alloca(KSTACK_OFFSET_MAX(offset)); \
+ /* Keep allocation even after "ptr" loses scope. */ \
+ asm volatile("" : "=o"(*ptr) :: "memory"); \
+ } \
+} while (0)
+
+#define choose_random_kstack_offset(rand) do { \
+ if (static_branch_maybe(CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_KSTACK_OFFSET_DEFAULT, \
+ &randomize_kstack_offset)) { \
+ u32 offset = raw_cpu_read(kstack_offset); \
+ offset ^= (rand); \
+ raw_cpu_write(kstack_offset, offset); \
+ } \
+} while (0)
+
+#endif
diff --git a/init/main.c b/init/main.c
index 53b278845b88..f498aac26e8c 100644
--- a/init/main.c
+++ b/init/main.c
@@ -844,6 +844,29 @@ static void __init mm_init(void)
pti_init();
}
+#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_RANDOMIZE_KSTACK_OFFSET
+DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_MAYBE_RO(CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_KSTACK_OFFSET_DEFAULT,
+ randomize_kstack_offset);
+DEFINE_PER_CPU(u32, kstack_offset);
+
+static int __init early_randomize_kstack_offset(char *buf)
+{
+ int ret;
+ bool bool_result;
+
+ ret = kstrtobool(buf, &bool_result);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ if (bool_result)
+ static_branch_enable(&randomize_kstack_offset);
+ else
+ static_branch_disable(&randomize_kstack_offset);
+ return 0;
+}
+early_param("randomize_kstack_offset", early_randomize_kstack_offset);
+#endif
+
void __init __weak arch_call_rest_init(void)
{
rest_init();

Privacy Policy