path: root/drivers/nvdimm/btt.c
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2018-02-03Merge branch 'for-4.16/dax' into libnvdimm-for-nextRoss Zwisler1-34/+167
2018-01-19libnvdimm, btt: fix uninitialized err_lockJeff Moyer1-1/+1
When a sector mode namespace is initially created, the arena's err_lock is not initialized. If, on the other hand, the namespace already exists, the mutex is initialized. To fix the issue, I moved the mutex initialization into the arena_alloc, which is called by both discover_arenas and create_arenas. This was discovered on an older kernel where mutex_trylock checks the count to determine whether the lock is held. Because the data structure is kzalloc-d, that count was 0 (held), and I/O to the device would hang forever waiting for the lock to be released (see btt_write_pg, for example). Current kernels have a different mutex implementation that checks for a non-null owner, and so this doesn't show up as a problem. If that lock were ever contended, it might cause issues, but you'd have to be really unlucky, I think. Signed-off-by: Jeff Moyer <jmoyer@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
2017-12-21libnvdimm, btt: Fix an incompatibility in the log layoutVishal Verma1-34/+167
Due to a spec misinterpretation, the Linux implementation of the BTT log area had different padding scheme from other implementations, such as UEFI and NVML. This fixes the padding scheme, and defaults to it for new BTT layouts. We attempt to detect the padding scheme in use when probing for an existing BTT. If we detect the older/incompatible scheme, we continue using it. Reported-by: Juston Li <juston.li@intel.com> Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Fixes: 5212e11fde4d ("nd_btt: atomic sector updates") Signed-off-by: Vishal Verma <vishal.l.verma@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
2017-11-15bdi: introduce BDI_CAP_SYNCHRONOUS_IOMinchan Kim1-0/+3
As discussed at https://lkml.kernel.org/r/<20170728165604.10455-1-ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com> someday we will remove rw_page(). If so, we need something to detect such super-fast storage on which synchronous IO operations like the current rw_page are always a win. Introduces BDI_CAP_SYNCHRONOUS_IO to indicate such devices. With it, we could use various optimization techniques. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1505886205-9671-3-git-send-email-minchan@kernel.org Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> Cc: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Ilya Dryomov <idryomov@gmail.com> Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Cc: Sergey Senozhatsky <sergey.senozhatsky@gmail.com> Cc: Huang Ying <ying.huang@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-09-11Merge tag 'libnvdimm-for-4.14' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-40/+157
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/nvdimm/nvdimm Pull libnvdimm from Dan Williams: "A rework of media error handling in the BTT driver and other updates. It has appeared in a few -next releases and collected some late- breaking build-error and warning fixups as a result. Summary: - Media error handling support in the Block Translation Table (BTT) driver is reworked to address sleeping-while-atomic locking and memory-allocation-context conflicts. - The dax_device lookup overhead for xfs and ext4 is moved out of the iomap hot-path to a mount-time lookup. - A new 'ecc_unit_size' sysfs attribute is added to advertise the read-modify-write boundary property of a persistent memory range. - Preparatory fix-ups for arm and powerpc pmem support are included along with other miscellaneous fixes" * tag 'libnvdimm-for-4.14' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/nvdimm/nvdimm: (26 commits) libnvdimm, btt: fix format string warnings libnvdimm, btt: clean up warning and error messages ext4: fix null pointer dereference on sbi libnvdimm, nfit: move the check on nd_reserved2 to the endpoint dax: fix FS_DAX=n BLOCK=y compilation libnvdimm: fix integer overflow static analysis warning libnvdimm, nd_blk: remove mmio_flush_range() libnvdimm, btt: rework error clearing libnvdimm: fix potential deadlock while clearing errors libnvdimm, btt: cache sector_size in arena_info libnvdimm, btt: ensure that flags were also unchanged during a map_read libnvdimm, btt: refactor map entry operations with macros libnvdimm, btt: fix a missed NVDIMM_IO_ATOMIC case in the write path libnvdimm, nfit: export an 'ecc_unit_size' sysfs attribute ext4: perform dax_device lookup at mount ext2: perform dax_device lookup at mount xfs: perform dax_device lookup at mount dax: introduce a fs_dax_get_by_bdev() helper libnvdimm, btt: check memory allocation failure libnvdimm, label: fix index block size calculation ...
2017-09-09libnvdimm, btt: fix format string warningsRandy Dunlap1-2/+2
Fix format warnings (seen on i386) in nvdimm/btt.c: ../drivers/nvdimm/btt.c: In function ‘btt_map_init’: ../drivers/nvdimm/btt.c:430:3: warning: format ‘%lx’ expects argument of type ‘long unsigned int’, but argument 4 has type ‘size_t’ [-Wformat=] dev_WARN_ONCE(to_dev(arena), size < 512, ^ ../drivers/nvdimm/btt.c: In function ‘btt_log_init’: ../drivers/nvdimm/btt.c:474:3: warning: format ‘%lx’ expects argument of type ‘long unsigned int’, but argument 4 has type ‘size_t’ [-Wformat=] dev_WARN_ONCE(to_dev(arena), size < 512, ^ Fixes: 86652d2eb347 ("libnvdimm, btt: clean up warning and error messages") Reported-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Reported-by: kbuild test robot <fengguang.wu@intel.com> Cc: Vishal Verma <vishal.l.verma@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
2017-09-07libnvdimm, btt: clean up warning and error messagesVishal Verma1-22/+36
Convert all WARN* style messages to dev_WARN, and for errors in the IO paths, use dev_err_ratelimited. Also remove some BUG_ONs in the IO path and replace them with the above - no need to crash the machine in case of an unaligned IO. Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Vishal Verma <vishal.l.verma@intel.com> Reviewed-by: Johannes Thumshirn <jthumshirn@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
2017-09-06block, THP: make block_device_operations.rw_page support THPHuang Ying1-1/+3
The .rw_page in struct block_device_operations is used by the swap subsystem to read/write the page contents from/into the corresponding swap slot in the swap device. To support the THP (Transparent Huge Page) swap optimization, the .rw_page is enhanced to support to read/write THP if possible. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170724051840.2309-6-ying.huang@intel.com Signed-off-by: "Huang, Ying" <ying.huang@intel.com> Reviewed-by: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@intel.com> [for brd.c, zram_drv.c, pmem.c] Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> Cc: Vishal L Verma <vishal.l.verma@intel.com> Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Cc: "Kirill A . Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Shaohua Li <shli@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-08-31libnvdimm, btt: rework error clearingVishal Verma1-11/+106
Clearing errors or badblocks during a BTT write requires sending an ACPI DSM, which means potentially sleeping. Since a BTT IO happens in atomic context (preemption disabled, spinlocks may be held), we cannot perform error clearing in the course of an IO. Due to this error clearing for BTT IOs has hitherto been disabled. In this patch we move error clearing out of the atomic section, and thus re-enable error clearing with BTTs. When we are about to add a block to the free list, we check if it was previously marked as an error, and if it was, we add it to the freelist, but also set a flag that says error clearing will be required. We then drop the lane (ending the atomic context), and send a zero buffer so that the error can be cleared. The error flag in the free list is protected by the nd 'lane', and is set only be a thread while it holds that lane. When the error is cleared, the flag is cleared, but while holding a mutex for that freelist index. When writing, we check for two things - 1/ If the freelist mutex is held or if the error flag is set. If so, this is an error block that is being (or about to be) cleared. 2/ If the block is a known badblock based on nsio->bb The second check is required because the BTT map error flag for a map entry only gets set when an error LBA is read. If we write to a new location that may not have the map error flag set, but still might be in the region's badblock list, we can trigger an EIO on the write, which is undesirable and completely avoidable. Cc: Jeff Moyer <jmoyer@redhat.com> Cc: Toshi Kani <toshi.kani@hpe.com> Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Vishal Verma <vishal.l.verma@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
2017-08-31libnvdimm, btt: cache sector_size in arena_infoVishal Verma1-0/+1
In preparation for the error clearing rework, add sector_size in the arena_info struct. Signed-off-by: Vishal Verma <vishal.l.verma@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
2017-08-31libnvdimm, btt: ensure that flags were also unchanged during a map_readVishal Verma1-3/+7
In btt_map_read, we read the map twice to make sure that the map entry didn't change after we added it to the read tracking table. In anticipation of expanding the use of the error bit, also make sure that the error and zero flags are constant across the two map reads. Signed-off-by: Vishal Verma <vishal.l.verma@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
2017-08-31libnvdimm, btt: refactor map entry operations with macrosVishal Verma1-4/+4
Add helpers for converting a raw map entry to just the block number, or either of the 'e' or 'z' flags in preparation for actually using the error flag to mark blocks with media errors. Signed-off-by: Vishal Verma <vishal.l.verma@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
2017-08-31libnvdimm, btt: fix a missed NVDIMM_IO_ATOMIC case in the write pathVishal Verma1-1/+2
The IO context conversion for rw_bytes missed a case in the BTT write path (btt_map_write) which should've been marked as atomic. In reality this should not cause a problem, because map writes are to small for nsio_rw_bytes to attempt error clearing, but it should be fixed for posterity. Add a might_sleep() in the non-atomic section of nsio_rw_bytes so that things like the nfit unit tests, which don't actually sleep, can catch bugs like this. Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Vishal Verma <vishal.l.verma@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
2017-08-30libnvdimm, btt: check memory allocation failureChristophe Jaillet1-0/+2
Check memory allocation failures and return -ENOMEM in such cases, as already done few lines below for another memory allocation. This avoids NULL pointers dereference. Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Fixes: 14e494542636 ("libnvdimm, btt: BTT updates for UEFI 2.7 format") Signed-off-by: Christophe JAILLET <christophe.jaillet@wanadoo.fr> Reviewed-by: Vishal Verma <vishal.l.verma@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
2017-07-11Merge branch 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-blockLinus Torvalds1-12/+4
Pull more block updates from Jens Axboe: "This is a followup for block changes, that didn't make the initial pull request. It's a bit of a mixed bag, this contains: - A followup pull request from Sagi for NVMe. Outside of fixups for NVMe, it also includes a series for ensuring that we properly quiesce hardware queues when browsing live tags. - Set of integrity fixes from Dmitry (mostly), fixing various issues for folks using DIF/DIX. - Fix for a bug introduced in cciss, with the req init changes. From Christoph. - Fix for a bug in BFQ, from Paolo. - Two followup fixes for lightnvm/pblk from Javier. - Depth fix from Ming for blk-mq-sched. - Also from Ming, performance fix for mtip32xx that was introduced with the dynamic initialization of commands" * 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-block: (44 commits) block: call bio_uninit in bio_endio nvmet: avoid unneeded assignment of submit_bio return value nvme-pci: add module parameter for io queue depth nvme-pci: compile warnings in nvme_alloc_host_mem() nvmet_fc: Accept variable pad lengths on Create Association LS nvme_fc/nvmet_fc: revise Create Association descriptor length lightnvm: pblk: remove unnecessary checks lightnvm: pblk: control I/O flow also on tear down cciss: initialize struct scsi_req null_blk: fix error flow for shared tags during module_init block: Fix __blkdev_issue_zeroout loop nvme-rdma: unconditionally recycle the request mr nvme: split nvme_uninit_ctrl into stop and uninit virtio_blk: quiesce/unquiesce live IO when entering PM states mtip32xx: quiesce request queues to make sure no submissions are inflight nbd: quiesce request queues to make sure no submissions are inflight nvme: kick requeue list when requeueing a request instead of when starting the queues nvme-pci: quiesce/unquiesce admin_q instead of start/stop its hw queues nvme-loop: quiesce/unquiesce admin_q instead of start/stop its hw queues nvme-fc: quiesce/unquiesce admin_q instead of start/stop its hw queues ...
2017-07-07Merge tag 'libnvdimm-for-4.13' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-15/+30
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/nvdimm/nvdimm Pull libnvdimm updates from Dan Williams: "libnvdimm updates for the latest ACPI and UEFI specifications. This pull request also includes new 'struct dax_operations' enabling to undo the abuse of copy_user_nocache() for copy operations to pmem. The dax work originally missed 4.12 to address concerns raised by Al. Summary: - Introduce the _flushcache() family of memory copy helpers and use them for persistent memory write operations on x86. The _flushcache() semantic indicates that the cache is either bypassed for the copy operation (movnt) or any lines dirtied by the copy operation are written back (clwb, clflushopt, or clflush). - Extend dax_operations with ->copy_from_iter() and ->flush() operations. These operations and other infrastructure updates allow all persistent memory specific dax functionality to be pushed into libnvdimm and the pmem driver directly. It also allows dax-specific sysfs attributes to be linked to a host device, for example: /sys/block/pmem0/dax/write_cache - Add support for the new NVDIMM platform/firmware mechanisms introduced in ACPI 6.2 and UEFI 2.7. This support includes the v1.2 namespace label format, extensions to the address-range-scrub command set, new error injection commands, and a new BTT (block-translation-table) layout. These updates support inter-OS and pre-OS compatibility. - Fix a longstanding memory corruption bug in nfit_test. - Make the pmem and nvdimm-region 'badblocks' sysfs files poll(2) capable. - Miscellaneous fixes and small updates across libnvdimm and the nfit driver. Acknowledgements that came after the branch was pushed: commit 6aa734a2f38e ("libnvdimm, region, pmem: fix 'badblocks' sysfs_get_dirent() reference lifetime") was reviewed by Toshi Kani <toshi.kani@hpe.com>" * tag 'libnvdimm-for-4.13' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/nvdimm/nvdimm: (42 commits) libnvdimm, namespace: record 'lbasize' for pmem namespaces acpi/nfit: Issue Start ARS to retrieve existing records libnvdimm: New ACPI 6.2 DSM functions acpi, nfit: Show bus_dsm_mask in sysfs libnvdimm, acpi, nfit: Add bus level dsm mask for pass thru. acpi, nfit: Enable DSM pass thru for root functions. libnvdimm: passthru functions clear to send libnvdimm, btt: convert some info messages to warn/err libnvdimm, region, pmem: fix 'badblocks' sysfs_get_dirent() reference lifetime libnvdimm: fix the clear-error check in nsio_rw_bytes libnvdimm, btt: fix btt_rw_page not returning errors acpi, nfit: quiet invalid block-aperture-region warnings libnvdimm, btt: BTT updates for UEFI 2.7 format acpi, nfit: constify *_attribute_group libnvdimm, pmem: disable dax flushing when pmem is fronting a volatile region libnvdimm, pmem, dax: export a cache control attribute dax: convert to bitmask for flags dax: remove default copy_from_iter fallback libnvdimm, nfit: enable support for volatile ranges libnvdimm, pmem: fix persistence warning ...
2017-07-03block: guard bvec iteration logicDmitry Monakhov1-1/+2
Currently if some one try to advance bvec beyond it's size we simply dump WARN_ONCE and continue to iterate beyond bvec array boundaries. This simply means that we endup dereferencing/corrupting random memory region. Sane reaction would be to propagate error back to calling context But bvec_iter_advance's calling context is not always good for error handling. For safity reason let truncate iterator size to zero which will break external iteration loop which prevent us from unpredictable memory range corruption. And even it caller ignores an error, it will corrupt it's own bvecs, not others. This patch does: - Return error back to caller with hope that it will react on this - Truncate iterator size Code was added long time ago here 4550dd6c, luckily no one hit it in real life :) Signed-off-by: Dmitry Monakhov <dmonakhov@openvz.org> Reviewed-by: Ming Lei <ming.lei@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: Martin K. Petersen <martin.petersen@oracle.com> [hch: switch to true/false returns instead of errno values] Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2017-07-03bio-integrity: fold bio_integrity_enabled to bio_integrity_prepDmitry Monakhov1-11/+2
Currently all integrity prep hooks are open-coded, and if prepare fails we ignore it's code and fail bio with EIO. Let's return real error to upper layer, so later caller may react accordingly. In fact no one want to use bio_integrity_prep() w/o bio_integrity_enabled, so it is reasonable to fold it in to one function. Signed-off-by: Dmitry Monakhov <dmonakhov@openvz.org> Reviewed-by: Martin K. Petersen <martin.petersen@oracle.com> [hch: merged with the latest block tree, return bool from bio_integrity_prep] Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2017-07-01libnvdimm, btt: convert some info messages to warn/errVishal Verma1-4/+4
Some critical messages such as IO errors, metadata failures were printed with dev_info. Make them louder by upgrading them to dev_warn or dev_error. Signed-off-by: Vishal Verma <vishal.l.verma@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
2017-06-29libnvdimm, btt: fix btt_rw_page not returning errorsVishal Verma1-3/+6
btt_rw_page was not propagating errors frm btt_do_bvec, resulting in any IO errors via the rw_page path going unnoticed. the pmem driver recently fixed this in e10624f pmem: fail io-requests to known bad blocks but same problem in BTT went neglected. Fixes: 5212e11fde4d ("nd_btt: atomic sector updates") Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Cc: Toshi Kani <toshi.kani@hpe.com> Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> Cc: Jeff Moyer <jmoyer@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Vishal Verma <vishal.l.verma@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
2017-06-29libnvdimm, btt: BTT updates for UEFI 2.7 formatVishal Verma1-8/+20
The UEFI 2.7 specification defines an updated BTT metadata format, bumping the revision to 2.0. Add support for the new format, while retaining compatibility for the old 1.1 format. Cc: Toshi Kani <toshi.kani@hpe.com> Cc: Linda Knippers <linda.knippers@hpe.com> Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Vishal Verma <vishal.l.verma@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
2017-06-27block: don't bother with bounce limits for make_request driversChristoph Hellwig1-1/+0
We only call blk_queue_bounce for request-based drivers, so stop messing with it for make_request based drivers. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2017-06-09block: switch bios to blk_status_tChristoph Hellwig1-2/+2
Replace bi_error with a new bi_status to allow for a clear conversion. Note that device mapper overloaded bi_error with a private value, which we'll have to keep arround at least for now and thus propagate to a proper blk_status_t value. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@fb.com>
2017-05-10libnvdimm, btt: ensure that initializing metadata clears poisonVishal Verma1-7/+47
If we had badblocks/poison in the metadata area of a BTT, recreating the BTT would not clear the poison in all cases, notably the flog area. This is because rw_bytes will only clear errors if the request being sent down is 512B aligned and sized. Make sure that when writing the map and info blocks, the rw_bytes being sent are of the correct size/alignment. For the flog, instead of doing the smaller log_entry writes only, first do a 'wipe' of the entire area by writing zeroes in large enough chunks so that errors get cleared. Cc: Andy Rudoff <andy.rudoff@intel.com> Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Vishal Verma <vishal.l.verma@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
2017-05-10libnvdimm: add an atomic vs process context flag to rw_bytesVishal Verma1-31/+36
nsio_rw_bytes can clear media errors, but this cannot be done while we are in an atomic context due to locking within ACPI. From the BTT, ->rw_bytes may be called either from atomic or process context depending on whether the calls happen during initialization or during IO. During init, we want to ensure error clearing happens, and the flag marking process context allows nsio_rw_bytes to do that. When called during IO, we're in atomic context, and error clearing can be skipped. Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Vishal Verma <vishal.l.verma@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
2016-08-08nvdimm, btt: add a size attribute for BTTsVishal Verma1-0/+1
To be consistent with other namespaces, expose a 'size' attribute for BTT devices also. Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> Reported-by: Linda Knippers <linda.knippers@hpe.com> Signed-off-by: Vishal Verma <vishal.l.verma@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
2016-08-07block/mm: make bdev_ops->rw_page() take a bool for read/writeJens Axboe1-6/+6
Commit abf545484d31 changed it from an 'rw' flags type to the newer ops based interface, but now we're effectively leaking some bdev internals to the rest of the kernel. Since we only care about whether it's a read or a write at that level, just pass in a bool 'is_write' parameter instead. Then we can also move op_is_write() and friends back under CONFIG_BLOCK protection. Reviewed-by: Mike Christie <mchristi@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@fb.com>
2016-08-04mm/block: convert rw_page users to bio op useMike Christie1-9/+9
The rw_page users were not converted to use bio/req ops. As a result bdev_write_page is not passing down REQ_OP_WRITE and the IOs will be sent down as reads. Signed-off-by: Mike Christie <mchristi@redhat.com> Fixes: 4e1b2d52a80d ("block, fs, drivers: remove REQ_OP compat defs and related code") Modified by me to: 1) Drop op_flags passing into ->rw_page(), as we don't use it. 2) Make op_is_write() and friends safe to use for !CONFIG_BLOCK Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@fb.com>
2016-06-27block: convert to device_add_disk()Dan Williams1-2/+1
For block drivers that specify a parent device, convert them to use device_add_disk(). This conversion was done with the following semantic patch: @@ struct gendisk *disk; expression E; @@ - disk->driverfs_dev = E; ... - add_disk(disk); + device_add_disk(E, disk); @@ struct gendisk *disk; expression E1, E2; @@ - disk->driverfs_dev = E1; ... E2 = disk; ... - add_disk(E2); + device_add_disk(E1, E2); ...plus some manual fixups for a few missed conversions. Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@fb.com> Cc: Keith Busch <keith.busch@intel.com> Cc: Michael S. Tsirkin <mst@redhat.com> Cc: David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org> Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: James Bottomley <James.Bottomley@hansenpartnership.com> Cc: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com> Cc: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com> Cc: Martin K. Petersen <martin.petersen@oracle.com> Reviewed-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Reviewed-by: Johannes Thumshirn <jthumshirn@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
2016-05-18Merge branch 'for-4.7/libnvdimm' into libnvdimm-for-nextDan Williams1-1/+5
2016-04-22libnvdimm, btt: add btt startup debugDan Williams1-1/+5
Report the reason for btt probe failures when debug is enabled. Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
2016-04-22libnvdimm, btt, convert nd_btt_probe() to devmDan Williams1-11/+6
Pass the device performing the probe so we can use a devm allocation for the btt superblock. Cc: Vishal Verma <vishal.l.verma@intel.com> Reviewed-by: Johannes Thumshirn <jthumshirn@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
2016-04-22libnvdimm, pmem: kill pmem->ndnsDan Williams1-2/+1
We can derive the common namespace from other information. We also do not need to cache it because all the usages are in slow paths. Reviewed-by: Johannes Thumshirn <jthumshirn@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
2016-04-04mm, fs: get rid of PAGE_CACHE_* and page_cache_{get,release} macrosKirill A. Shutemov1-1/+1
PAGE_CACHE_{SIZE,SHIFT,MASK,ALIGN} macros were introduced *long* time ago with promise that one day it will be possible to implement page cache with bigger chunks than PAGE_SIZE. This promise never materialized. And unlikely will. We have many places where PAGE_CACHE_SIZE assumed to be equal to PAGE_SIZE. And it's constant source of confusion on whether PAGE_CACHE_* or PAGE_* constant should be used in a particular case, especially on the border between fs and mm. Global switching to PAGE_CACHE_SIZE != PAGE_SIZE would cause to much breakage to be doable. Let's stop pretending that pages in page cache are special. They are not. The changes are pretty straight-forward: - <foo> << (PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT) -> <foo>; - <foo> >> (PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT) -> <foo>; - PAGE_CACHE_{SIZE,SHIFT,MASK,ALIGN} -> PAGE_{SIZE,SHIFT,MASK,ALIGN}; - page_cache_get() -> get_page(); - page_cache_release() -> put_page(); This patch contains automated changes generated with coccinelle using script below. For some reason, coccinelle doesn't patch header files. I've called spatch for them manually. The only adjustment after coccinelle is revert of changes to PAGE_CAHCE_ALIGN definition: we are going to drop it later. There are few places in the code where coccinelle didn't reach. I'll fix them manually in a separate patch. Comments and documentation also will be addressed with the separate patch. virtual patch @@ expression E; @@ - E << (PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT) + E @@ expression E; @@ - E >> (PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT) + E @@ @@ - PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT + PAGE_SHIFT @@ @@ - PAGE_CACHE_SIZE + PAGE_SIZE @@ @@ - PAGE_CACHE_MASK + PAGE_MASK @@ expression E; @@ - PAGE_CACHE_ALIGN(E) + PAGE_ALIGN(E) @@ expression E; @@ - page_cache_get(E) + get_page(E) @@ expression E; @@ - page_cache_release(E) + put_page(E) Signed-off-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2016-03-09nvdimm/btt: don't allocate unused major device numberNeilBrown1-17/+2
alloc_disk(0) does not require or use a ->major number, all devices are allocated with a major of BLOCK_EXT_MAJOR. So don't allocate btt_major. Signed-off-by: NeilBrown <neilb@suse.com> Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
2015-11-07block: change ->make_request_fn() and users to return a queue cookieJens Axboe1-1/+2
No functional changes in this patch, but it prepares us for returning a more useful cookie related to the IO that was queued up. Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@fb.com> Acked-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Acked-by: Keith Busch <keith.busch@intel.com>
2015-10-21md, dm, scsi, nvme, libnvdimm: drop blk_integrity_unregister() at shutdownDan Williams1-1/+0
Now that the integrity profile is statically allocated there is no work to do when shutting down an integrity enabled block device. Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@linux.intel.com> Cc: Mike Snitzer <snitzer@redhat.com> Cc: James Bottomley <JBottomley@Odin.com> Acked-by: NeilBrown <neilb@suse.com> Acked-by: Keith Busch <keith.busch@intel.com> Acked-by: Vishal Verma <vishal.l.verma@intel.com> Tested-by: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@fb.com>
2015-09-08Merge tag 'libnvdimm-for-4.3' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-37/+13
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/nvdimm/nvdimm Pull libnvdimm updates from Dan Williams: "This update has successfully completed a 0day-kbuild run and has appeared in a linux-next release. The changes outside of the typical drivers/nvdimm/ and drivers/acpi/nfit.[ch] paths are related to the removal of IORESOURCE_CACHEABLE, the introduction of memremap(), and the introduction of ZONE_DEVICE + devm_memremap_pages(). Summary: - Introduce ZONE_DEVICE and devm_memremap_pages() as a generic mechanism for adding device-driver-discovered memory regions to the kernel's direct map. This facility is used by the pmem driver to enable pfn_to_page() operations on the page frames returned by DAX ('direct_access' in 'struct block_device_operations'). For now, the 'memmap' allocation for these "device" pages comes from "System RAM". Support for allocating the memmap from device memory will arrive in a later kernel. - Introduce memremap() to replace usages of ioremap_cache() and ioremap_wt(). memremap() drops the __iomem annotation for these mappings to memory that do not have i/o side effects. The replacement of ioremap_cache() with memremap() is limited to the pmem driver to ease merging the api change in v4.3. Completion of the conversion is targeted for v4.4. - Similar to the usage of memcpy_to_pmem() + wmb_pmem() in the pmem driver, update the VFS DAX implementation and PMEM api to provide persistence guarantees for kernel operations on a DAX mapping. - Convert the ACPI NFIT 'BLK' driver to map the block apertures as cacheable to improve performance. - Miscellaneous updates and fixes to libnvdimm including support for issuing "address range scrub" commands, clarifying the optimal 'sector size' of pmem devices, a clarification of the usage of the ACPI '_STA' (status) property for DIMM devices, and other minor fixes" * tag 'libnvdimm-for-4.3' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/nvdimm/nvdimm: (34 commits) libnvdimm, pmem: direct map legacy pmem by default libnvdimm, pmem: 'struct page' for pmem libnvdimm, pfn: 'struct page' provider infrastructure x86, pmem: clarify that ARCH_HAS_PMEM_API implies PMEM mapped WB add devm_memremap_pages mm: ZONE_DEVICE for "device memory" mm: move __phys_to_pfn and __pfn_to_phys to asm/generic/memory_model.h dax: drop size parameter to ->direct_access() nd_blk: change aperture mapping from WC to WB nvdimm: change to use generic kvfree() pmem, dax: have direct_access use __pmem annotation dax: update I/O path to do proper PMEM flushing pmem: add copy_from_iter_pmem() and clear_pmem() pmem, x86: clean up conditional pmem includes pmem: remove layer when calling arch_has_wmb_pmem() pmem, x86: move x86 PMEM API to new pmem.h header libnvdimm, e820: make CONFIG_X86_PMEM_LEGACY a tristate option pmem: switch to devm_ allocations devres: add devm_memremap libnvdimm, btt: write and validate parent_uuid ...
2015-08-28libnvdimm, pfn: 'struct page' provider infrastructureDan Williams1-3/+3
Implement the base infrastructure for libnvdimm PFN devices. Similar to BTT devices they take a namespace as a backing device and layer functionality on top. In this case the functionality is reserving space for an array of 'struct page' entries to be handed out through pfn_to_page(). For now this is just the basic libnvdimm-device-model for configuring the base PFN device. As the namespace claiming mechanism for PFN devices is mostly identical to BTT devices drivers/nvdimm/claim.c is created to house the common bits. Cc: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
2015-08-14libnvdimm, btt: write and validate parent_uuidVishal Verma1-0/+2
When a BTT is instantiated on a namespace it must validate the namespace uuid matches the 'parent_uuid' stored in the btt superblock. This property enforces that changing the namespace UUID invalidates all former BTT instances on that storage. For "IO namespaces" that don't have a label or UUID, the parent_uuid is set to zero, and this validation is skipped. For such cases, old BTTs have to be invalidated by forcing the namespace to raw mode, and overwriting the BTT info blocks. Based on a patch by Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Vishal Verma <vishal.l.verma@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
2015-08-14libnvdimm, btt: consolidate arena validationVishal Verma1-27/+1
Use arena_is_valid as a common routine for checking the validity of an info block from both discover_arenas, and nd_btt_probe. As a result, don't check for validity of the BTT's UUID, and lbasize. The checksum in the BTT info block guarantees self-consistency, and when we're called from nd_btt_probe, we don't have a valid uuid or lbasize available to check against. Also cleanup to return a bool instead of an int. Signed-off-by: Vishal Verma <vishal.l.verma@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
2015-08-14libnvdimm, btt: clean up internal interfacesVishal Verma1-10/+9
Consolidate the parameters passed to arena_is_valid into just nd_btt, and an info block to increase re-usability. Similarly, btt_arena_write_layout doesn't need to be passed a uuid, as it can be obtained from arena->nd_btt. Signed-off-by: Vishal Verma <vishal.l.verma@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
2015-07-29block: add a bi_error field to struct bioChristoph Hellwig1-2/+3
Currently we have two different ways to signal an I/O error on a BIO: (1) by clearing the BIO_UPTODATE flag (2) by returning a Linux errno value to the bi_end_io callback The first one has the drawback of only communicating a single possible error (-EIO), and the second one has the drawback of not beeing persistent when bios are queued up, and are not passed along from child to parent bio in the ever more popular chaining scenario. Having both mechanisms available has the additional drawback of utterly confusing driver authors and introducing bugs where various I/O submitters only deal with one of them, and the others have to add boilerplate code to deal with both kinds of error returns. So add a new bi_error field to store an errno value directly in struct bio and remove the existing mechanisms to clean all this up. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Reviewed-by: Hannes Reinecke <hare@suse.de> Reviewed-by: NeilBrown <neilb@suse.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@fb.com>
2015-07-27libnvdimm, btt: sparse fixDan Williams1-2/+3
Fix: drivers/nvdimm/btt.c:635:29: warning: restricted __le64 degrades to integer Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
2015-06-26libnvdimm, nfit: handle unarmed dimms, mark namespaces read-onlyDan Williams1-2/+8
Upon detection of an unarmed dimm in a region, arrange for descendant BTT, PMEM, or BLK instances to be read-only. A dimm is primarily marked "unarmed" via flags passed by platform firmware (NFIT). The flags in the NFIT memory device sub-structure indicate the state of the data on the nvdimm relative to its energy source or last "flush to persistence". For the most part there is nothing the driver can do but advertise the state of these flags in sysfs and emit a message if firmware indicates that the contents of the device may be corrupted. However, for the case of ACPI_NFIT_MEM_ARMED, the driver can arrange for the block devices incorporating that nvdimm to be marked read-only. This is a safe default as the data is still available and new writes are held off until the administrator either forces read-write mode, or the energy source becomes armed. A 'read_only' attribute is added to REGION devices to allow for overriding the default read-only policy of all descendant block devices. Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
2015-06-26libnvdimm: enable iostatDan Williams1-1/+6
This is disabled by default as the overhead is prohibitive, but if the user takes the action to turn it on we'll oblige. Reviewed-by: Vishal Verma <vishal.l.verma@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
2015-06-26libnvdimm, btt: add support for blk integrityVishal Verma1-16/+113
Support multiple block sizes (sector + metadata) using the blk integrity framework. This registers a new integrity template that defines the protection information tuple size based on the configured metadata size, and simply acts as a passthrough for protection information generated by another layer. The metadata is written to the storage as-is, and read back with each sector. Signed-off-by: Vishal Verma <vishal.l.verma@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
2015-06-26nd_btt: atomic sector updatesVishal Verma1-0/+1371
BTT stands for Block Translation Table, and is a way to provide power fail sector atomicity semantics for block devices that have the ability to perform byte granularity IO. It relies on the capability of libnvdimm namespace devices to do byte aligned IO. The BTT works as a stacked blocked device, and reserves a chunk of space from the backing device for its accounting metadata. It is a bio-based driver because all IO is done synchronously, and there is no queuing or asynchronous completions at either the device or the driver level. The BTT uses 'lanes' to index into various 'on-disk' data structures, and lanes also act as a synchronization mechanism in case there are more CPUs than available lanes. We did a comparison between two lane lock strategies - first where we kept an atomic counter around that tracked which was the last lane that was used, and 'our' lane was determined by atomically incrementing that. That way, for the nr_cpus > nr_lanes case, theoretically, no CPU would be blocked waiting for a lane. The other strategy was to use the cpu number we're scheduled on to and hash it to a lane number. Theoretically, this could block an IO that could've otherwise run using a different, free lane. But some fio workloads showed that the direct cpu -> lane hash performed faster than tracking 'last lane' - my reasoning is the cache thrash caused by moving the atomic variable made that approach slower than simply waiting out the in-progress IO. This supports the conclusion that the driver can be a very simple bio-based one that does synchronous IOs instead of queuing. Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net> Cc: Boaz Harrosh <boaz@plexistor.com> Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@fb.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de> Cc: Jeff Moyer <jmoyer@redhat.com> Cc: Dave Chinner <david@fromorbit.com> Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org> [jmoyer: fix nmi watchdog timeout in btt_map_init] [jmoyer: move btt initialization to module load path] [jmoyer: fix memory leak in the btt initialization path] [jmoyer: Don't overwrite corrupted arenas] Signed-off-by: Vishal Verma <vishal.l.verma@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>

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