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2018-02-08cramfs: better MTD dependency expressionNicolas Pitre1-2/+1
Commit b9f5fb1800d8 ("cramfs: fix MTD dependency") did what it says. Since commit 9059a3493efe ("kconfig: fix relational operators for bool and tristate symbols") it is possible to do it slightly better though. Signed-off-by: Nicolas Pitre <nico@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-12-17cramfs: fix MTD dependencyArnd Bergmann1-0/+1
With CONFIG_MTD=m and CONFIG_CRAMFS=y, we now get a link failure: fs/cramfs/inode.o: In function `cramfs_mount': inode.c:(.text+0x220): undefined reference to `mount_mtd' fs/cramfs/inode.o: In function `cramfs_mtd_fill_super': inode.c:(.text+0x6d8): undefined reference to `mtd_point' inode.c:(.text+0xae4): undefined reference to `mtd_unpoint' This adds a more specific Kconfig dependency to avoid the broken configuration. Alternatively we could make CRAMFS itself depend on "MTD || !MTD" with a similar result. Fixes: 99c18ce580c6 ("cramfs: direct memory access support") Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Signed-off-by: Nicolas Pitre <nico@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-11-27Rename superblock flags (MS_xyz -> SB_xyz)Linus Torvalds1-2/+2
This is a pure automated search-and-replace of the internal kernel superblock flags. The s_flags are now called SB_*, with the names and the values for the moment mirroring the MS_* flags that they're equivalent to. Note how the MS_xyz flags are the ones passed to the mount system call, while the SB_xyz flags are what we then use in sb->s_flags. The script to do this was: # places to look in; re security/*: it generally should *not* be # touched (that stuff parses mount(2) arguments directly), but # there are two places where we really deal with superblock flags. FILES="drivers/mtd drivers/staging/lustre fs ipc mm \ include/linux/fs.h include/uapi/linux/bfs_fs.h \ security/apparmor/apparmorfs.c security/apparmor/include/lib.h" # the list of MS_... constants SYMS="RDONLY NOSUID NODEV NOEXEC SYNCHRONOUS REMOUNT MANDLOCK \ DIRSYNC NOATIME NODIRATIME BIND MOVE REC VERBOSE SILENT \ POSIXACL UNBINDABLE PRIVATE SLAVE SHARED RELATIME KERNMOUNT \ I_VERSION STRICTATIME LAZYTIME SUBMOUNT NOREMOTELOCK NOSEC BORN \ ACTIVE NOUSER" SED_PROG= for i in $SYMS; do SED_PROG="$SED_PROG -e s/MS_$i/SB_$i/g"; done # we want files that contain at least one of MS_..., # with fs/namespace.c and fs/pnode.c excluded. L=$(for i in $SYMS; do git grep -w -l MS_$i $FILES; done| sort|uniq|grep -v '^fs/namespace.c'|grep -v '^fs/pnode.c') for f in $L; do sed -i $f $SED_PROG; done Requested-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-11-17Merge branch 'work.cramfs' of ↵Linus Torvalds3-66/+515
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs Pull cramfs updates from Al Viro: "Nicolas Pitre's cramfs work" * 'work.cramfs' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs: cramfs: rehabilitate it cramfs: add mmap support cramfs: implement uncompressed and arbitrary data block positioning cramfs: direct memory access support
2017-11-02License cleanup: add SPDX GPL-2.0 license identifier to files with no licenseGreg Kroah-Hartman1-0/+1
Many source files in the tree are missing licensing information, which makes it harder for compliance tools to determine the correct license. By default all files without license information are under the default license of the kernel, which is GPL version 2. Update the files which contain no license information with the 'GPL-2.0' SPDX license identifier. The SPDX identifier is a legally binding shorthand, which can be used instead of the full boiler plate text. This patch is based on work done by Thomas Gleixner and Kate Stewart and Philippe Ombredanne. How this work was done: Patches were generated and checked against linux-4.14-rc6 for a subset of the use cases: - file had no licensing information it it. - file was a */uapi/* one with no licensing information in it, - file was a */uapi/* one with existing licensing information, Further patches will be generated in subsequent months to fix up cases where non-standard license headers were used, and references to license had to be inferred by heuristics based on keywords. The analysis to determine which SPDX License Identifier to be applied to a file was done in a spreadsheet of side by side results from of the output of two independent scanners (ScanCode & Windriver) producing SPDX tag:value files created by Philippe Ombredanne. Philippe prepared the base worksheet, and did an initial spot review of a few 1000 files. The 4.13 kernel was the starting point of the analysis with 60,537 files assessed. Kate Stewart did a file by file comparison of the scanner results in the spreadsheet to determine which SPDX license identifier(s) to be applied to the file. She confirmed any determination that was not immediately clear with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. Criteria used to select files for SPDX license identifier tagging was: - Files considered eligible had to be source code files. - Make and config files were included as candidates if they contained >5 lines of source - File already had some variant of a license header in it (even if <5 lines). All documentation files were explicitly excluded. The following heuristics were used to determine which SPDX license identifiers to apply. - when both scanners couldn't find any license traces, file was considered to have no license information in it, and the top level COPYING file license applied. For non */uapi/* files that summary was: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------- GPL-2.0 11139 and resulted in the first patch in this series. If that file was a */uapi/* path one, it was "GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note" otherwise it was "GPL-2.0". Results of that was: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------- GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 930 and resulted in the second patch in this series. - if a file had some form of licensing information in it, and was one of the */uapi/* ones, it was denoted with the Linux-syscall-note if any GPL family license was found in the file or had no licensing in it (per prior point). Results summary: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------ GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 270 GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 169 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-2-Clause) 21 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 17 LGPL-2.1+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 15 GPL-1.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 14 ((GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 5 LGPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 4 LGPL-2.1 WITH Linux-syscall-note 3 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR MIT) 3 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) AND MIT) 1 and that resulted in the third patch in this series. - when the two scanners agreed on the detected license(s), that became the concluded license(s). - when there was disagreement between the two scanners (one detected a license but the other didn't, or they both detected different licenses) a manual inspection of the file occurred. - In most cases a manual inspection of the information in the file resulted in a clear resolution of the license that should apply (and which scanner probably needed to revisit its heuristics). - When it was not immediately clear, the license identifier was confirmed with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. - If there was any question as to the appropriate license identifier, the file was flagged for further research and to be revisited later in time. In total, over 70 hours of logged manual review was done on the spreadsheet to determine the SPDX license identifiers to apply to the source files by Kate, Philippe, Thomas and, in some cases, confirmation by lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. Kate also obtained a third independent scan of the 4.13 code base from FOSSology, and compared selected files where the other two scanners disagreed against that SPDX file, to see if there was new insights. The Windriver scanner is based on an older version of FOSSology in part, so they are related. Thomas did random spot checks in about 500 files from the spreadsheets for the uapi headers and agreed with SPDX license identifier in the files he inspected. For the non-uapi files Thomas did random spot checks in about 15000 files. In initial set of patches against 4.14-rc6, 3 files were found to have copy/paste license identifier errors, and have been fixed to reflect the correct identifier. Additionally Philippe spent 10 hours this week doing a detailed manual inspection and review of the 12,461 patched files from the initial patch version early this week with: - a full scancode scan run, collecting the matched texts, detected license ids and scores - reviewing anything where there was a license detected (about 500+ files) to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct - reviewing anything where there was no detection but the patch license was not GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct This produced a worksheet with 20 files needing minor correction. This worksheet was then exported into 3 different .csv files for the different types of files to be modified. These .csv files were then reviewed by Greg. Thomas wrote a script to parse the csv files and add the proper SPDX tag to the file, in the format that the file expected. This script was further refined by Greg based on the output to detect more types of files automatically and to distinguish between header and source .c files (which need different comment types.) Finally Greg ran the script using the .csv files to generate the patches. Reviewed-by: Kate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org> Reviewed-by: Philippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com> Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
2017-10-15cramfs: rehabilitate itNicolas Pitre1-3/+6
Update documentation, pointer to latest tools, appoint myself as maintainer. Given it's been unloved for so long, I don't expect anyone will protest. Signed-off-by: Nicolas Pitre <nico@linaro.org> Tested-by: Chris Brandt <chris.brandt@renesas.com> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2017-10-15cramfs: add mmap supportNicolas Pitre1-0/+209
When cramfs in physical memory is used then we have the opportunity to map files directly from ROM, directly into user space, saving on RAM usage. This gives us Execute-In-Place (XIP) support. For a file to be mmap()-able, the map area has to correspond to a range of uncompressed and contiguous blocks, and in the MMU case it also has to be page aligned. A version of mkcramfs with appropriate support is necessary to create such a filesystem image. In the MMU case it may happen for a vma structure to extend beyond the actual file size. This is notably the case in binfmt_elf.c:elf_map(). Or the file's last block is shared with other files and cannot be mapped as is. Rather than refusing to mmap it, we do a "mixed" map and let the regular fault handler populate the unmapped area with RAM-backed pages. In practice the unmapped area is seldom accessed so page faults might never occur before this area is discarded. In the non-MMU case it is the get_unmapped_area method that is responsible for providing the address where the actual data can be found. No mapping is necessary of course. Signed-off-by: Nicolas Pitre <nico@linaro.org> Tested-by: Chris Brandt <chris.brandt@renesas.com> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2017-10-15cramfs: implement uncompressed and arbitrary data block positioningNicolas Pitre2-20/+101
Two new capabilities are introduced here: - The ability to store some blocks uncompressed. - The ability to locate blocks anywhere. Those capabilities can be used independently, but the combination opens the possibility for execute-in-place (XIP) of program text segments that must remain uncompressed, and in the MMU case, must have a specific alignment. It is even possible to still have the writable data segments from the same file compressed as they have to be copied into RAM anyway. This is achieved by giving special meanings to some unused block pointer bits while remaining compatible with legacy cramfs images. Signed-off-by: Nicolas Pitre <nico@linaro.org> Tested-by: Chris Brandt <chris.brandt@renesas.com> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2017-10-15cramfs: direct memory access supportNicolas Pitre2-43/+199
Small embedded systems typically execute the kernel code in place (XIP) directly from flash to save on precious RAM usage. This patch adds to cramfs the ability to consume filesystem data directly from flash as well. Cramfs is particularly well suited to this feature as it is very simple with low RAM usage, and with this feature it is possible to use it with no block device support and consequently even lower RAM usage. This patch was inspired by a similar patch from Shane Nay dated 17 years ago that used to be very popular in embedded circles but never made it into mainline. This is a cleaned-up implementation that uses far fewer ifdef's and gets the actual memory location for the filesystem image via MTD at run time. In the context of small IoT deployments, this functionality has become relevant and useful again. Signed-off-by: Nicolas Pitre <nico@linaro.org> Tested-by: Chris Brandt <chris.brandt@renesas.com> Reviewed-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2016-05-09more trivial ->iterate_shared conversionsAl Viro1-1/+1
Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2016-04-04mm, fs: remove remaining PAGE_CACHE_* and page_cache_{get,release} usageKirill A. Shutemov2-14/+14
Mostly direct substitution with occasional adjustment or removing outdated comments. Signed-off-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2016-04-04mm, fs: get rid of PAGE_CACHE_* and page_cache_{get,release} macrosKirill A. Shutemov1-15/+15
PAGE_CACHE_{SIZE,SHIFT,MASK,ALIGN} macros were introduced *long* time ago with promise that one day it will be possible to implement page cache with bigger chunks than PAGE_SIZE. This promise never materialized. And unlikely will. We have many places where PAGE_CACHE_SIZE assumed to be equal to PAGE_SIZE. And it's constant source of confusion on whether PAGE_CACHE_* or PAGE_* constant should be used in a particular case, especially on the border between fs and mm. Global switching to PAGE_CACHE_SIZE != PAGE_SIZE would cause to much breakage to be doable. Let's stop pretending that pages in page cache are special. They are not. The changes are pretty straight-forward: - <foo> << (PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT) -> <foo>; - <foo> >> (PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT) -> <foo>; - PAGE_CACHE_{SIZE,SHIFT,MASK,ALIGN} -> PAGE_{SIZE,SHIFT,MASK,ALIGN}; - page_cache_get() -> get_page(); - page_cache_release() -> put_page(); This patch contains automated changes generated with coccinelle using script below. For some reason, coccinelle doesn't patch header files. I've called spatch for them manually. The only adjustment after coccinelle is revert of changes to PAGE_CAHCE_ALIGN definition: we are going to drop it later. There are few places in the code where coccinelle didn't reach. I'll fix them manually in a separate patch. Comments and documentation also will be addressed with the separate patch. virtual patch @@ expression E; @@ - E << (PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT) + E @@ expression E; @@ - E >> (PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT) + E @@ @@ - PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT + PAGE_SHIFT @@ @@ - PAGE_CACHE_SIZE + PAGE_SIZE @@ @@ - PAGE_CACHE_MASK + PAGE_MASK @@ expression E; @@ - PAGE_CACHE_ALIGN(E) + PAGE_ALIGN(E) @@ expression E; @@ - page_cache_get(E) + get_page(E) @@ expression E; @@ - page_cache_release(E) + put_page(E) Signed-off-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-12-08don't put symlink bodies in pagecache into highmemAl Viro1-0/+1
kmap() in page_follow_link_light() needed to go - allowing to hold an arbitrary number of kmaps for long is a great way to deadlocking the system. new helper (inode_nohighmem(inode)) needs to be used for pagecache symlinks inodes; done for all in-tree cases. page_follow_link_light() instrumented to yell about anything missed. Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2014-08-08fs/cramfs/inode.c: use linux/uaccess.hFabian Frederick1-1/+1
Fixes checkpatch warning: WARNING: Use #include <linux/uaccess.h> instead of <asm/uaccess.h> Signed-off-by: Fabian Frederick <fabf@skynet.be> Cc: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu> Cc: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-08-08fs/cramfs: code clean-upFabian Frederick2-12/+15
Fixes some checkpatch errors/warnings: WARNING: Missing a blank line after declarations ERROR: spaces required around that '=' (ctx:VxV) ERROR: "foo * bar" should be "foo *bar" ERROR: space prohibited after that open parenthesis '(' Signed-off-by: Fabian Frederick <fabf@skynet.be> Cc: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu> Cc: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-08-08fs/cramfs: use pr_fmtFabian Frederick2-8/+12
Use module name for "cramfs: " prefix. (note that uncompress.c printk had no prefix). Signed-off-by: Fabian Frederick <fabf@skynet.be> Cc: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu> Cc: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-08-08fs/cramfs: convert printk to pr_foo()Fabian Frederick2-10/+10
Use current logging functions. No level printk converted to pr_err Signed-off-by: Fabian Frederick <fabf@skynet.be> Cc: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu> Cc: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-04-04Merge tag 'ext4_for_linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-0/+1
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tytso/ext4 Pull ext4 updates from Ted Ts'o: "Major changes for 3.14 include support for the newly added ZERO_RANGE and COLLAPSE_RANGE fallocate operations, and scalability improvements in the jbd2 layer and in xattr handling when the extended attributes spill over into an external block. Other than that, the usual clean ups and minor bug fixes" * tag 'ext4_for_linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tytso/ext4: (42 commits) ext4: fix premature freeing of partial clusters split across leaf blocks ext4: remove unneeded test of ret variable ext4: fix comment typo ext4: make ext4_block_zero_page_range static ext4: atomically set inode->i_flags in ext4_set_inode_flags() ext4: optimize Hurd tests when reading/writing inodes ext4: kill i_version support for Hurd-castrated file systems ext4: each filesystem creates and uses its own mb_cache fs/mbcache.c: doucple the locking of local from global data fs/mbcache.c: change block and index hash chain to hlist_bl_node ext4: Introduce FALLOC_FL_ZERO_RANGE flag for fallocate ext4: refactor ext4_fallocate code ext4: Update inode i_size after the preallocation ext4: fix partial cluster handling for bigalloc file systems ext4: delete path dealloc code in ext4_ext_handle_uninitialized_extents ext4: only call sync_filesystm() when remounting read-only fs: push sync_filesystem() down to the file system's remount_fs() jbd2: improve error messages for inconsistent journal heads jbd2: minimize region locked by j_list_lock in jbd2_journal_forget() jbd2: minimize region locked by j_list_lock in journal_get_create_access() ...
2014-04-03mm: remove read_cache_page_async()Sasha Levin1-2/+1
This patch removes read_cache_page_async() which wasn't really needed anywhere and simplifies the code around it a bit. read_cache_page_async() is useful when we want to read a page into the cache without waiting for it to complete. This happens when the appropriate callback 'filler' doesn't complete its read operation and releases the page lock immediately, and instead queues a different completion routine to do that. This never actually happened anywhere in the code. read_cache_page_async() had 3 different callers: - read_cache_page() which is the sync version, it would just wait for the requested read to complete using wait_on_page_read(). - JFFS2 would call it from jffs2_gc_fetch_page(), but the filler function it supplied doesn't do any async reads, and would complete before the filler function returns - making it actually a sync read. - CRAMFS would call it using the read_mapping_page_async() wrapper, with a similar story to JFFS2 - the filler function doesn't do anything that reminds async reads and would always complete before the filler function returns. To sum it up, the code in mm/filemap.c never took advantage of having read_cache_page_async(). While there are filler callbacks that do async reads (such as the block one), we always called it with the read_cache_page(). This patch adds a mandatory wait for read to complete when adding a new page to the cache, and removes read_cache_page_async() and its wrappers. Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-03-13fs: push sync_filesystem() down to the file system's remount_fs()Theodore Ts'o1-0/+1
Previously, the no-op "mount -o mount /dev/xxx" operation when the file system is already mounted read-write causes an implied, unconditional syncfs(). This seems pretty stupid, and it's certainly documented or guaraunteed to do this, nor is it particularly useful, except in the case where the file system was mounted rw and is getting remounted read-only. However, it's possible that there might be some file systems that are actually depending on this behavior. In most file systems, it's probably fine to only call sync_filesystem() when transitioning from read-write to read-only, and there are some file systems where this is not needed at all (for example, for a pseudo-filesystem or something like romfs). Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu> Cc: linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org> Cc: Artem Bityutskiy <dedekind1@gmail.com> Cc: Adrian Hunter <adrian.hunter@intel.com> Cc: Evgeniy Dushistov <dushistov@mail.ru> Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Cc: OGAWA Hirofumi <hirofumi@mail.parknet.co.jp> Cc: Anders Larsen <al@alarsen.net> Cc: Phillip Lougher <phillip@squashfs.org.uk> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Cc: Mikulas Patocka <mikulas@artax.karlin.mff.cuni.cz> Cc: Petr Vandrovec <petr@vandrovec.name> Cc: xfs@oss.sgi.com Cc: linux-btrfs@vger.kernel.org Cc: linux-cifs@vger.kernel.org Cc: samba-technical@lists.samba.org Cc: codalist@coda.cs.cmu.edu Cc: linux-ext4@vger.kernel.org Cc: linux-f2fs-devel@lists.sourceforge.net Cc: fuse-devel@lists.sourceforge.net Cc: cluster-devel@redhat.com Cc: linux-mtd@lists.infradead.org Cc: jfs-discussion@lists.sourceforge.net Cc: linux-nfs@vger.kernel.org Cc: linux-nilfs@vger.kernel.org Cc: linux-ntfs-dev@lists.sourceforge.net Cc: ocfs2-devel@oss.oracle.com Cc: reiserfs-devel@vger.kernel.org
2014-01-25cramfs: take headers to fs/cramfsAl Viro3-5/+25
Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2014-01-25cramfs: get rid of ->put_super()Al Viro1-16/+12
failure exits are simpler that way Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2013-11-13cramfs: mark as obsoleteMichael Opdenacker1-1/+4
Who needs cramfs when you have squashfs? At least, we should warn people that cramfs is obsolete. Signed-off-by: Michael Opdenacker <michael.opdenacker@free-electrons.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-06-29[readdir] convert f2fsAl Viro1-13/+8
Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2013-03-03fs: Limit sys_mount to only request filesystem modules.Eric W. Biederman1-0/+1
Modify the request_module to prefix the file system type with "fs-" and add aliases to all of the filesystems that can be built as modules to match. A common practice is to build all of the kernel code and leave code that is not commonly needed as modules, with the result that many users are exposed to any bug anywhere in the kernel. Looking for filesystems with a fs- prefix limits the pool of possible modules that can be loaded by mount to just filesystems trivially making things safer with no real cost. Using aliases means user space can control the policy of which filesystem modules are auto-loaded by editing /etc/modprobe.d/*.conf with blacklist and alias directives. Allowing simple, safe, well understood work-arounds to known problematic software. This also addresses a rare but unfortunate problem where the filesystem name is not the same as it's module name and module auto-loading would not work. While writing this patch I saw a handful of such cases. The most significant being autofs that lives in the module autofs4. This is relevant to user namespaces because we can reach the request module in get_fs_type() without having any special permissions, and people get uncomfortable when a user specified string (in this case the filesystem type) goes all of the way to request_module. After having looked at this issue I don't think there is any particular reason to perform any filtering or permission checks beyond making it clear in the module request that we want a filesystem module. The common pattern in the kernel is to call request_module() without regards to the users permissions. In general all a filesystem module does once loaded is call register_filesystem() and go to sleep. Which means there is not much attack surface exposed by loading a filesytem module unless the filesystem is mounted. In a user namespace filesystems are not mounted unless .fs_flags = FS_USERNS_MOUNT, which most filesystems do not set today. Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <serge.hallyn@canonical.com> Acked-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Reported-by: Kees Cook <keescook@google.com> Signed-off-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
2013-02-22new helper: file_inode(file)Al Viro1-1/+1
Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2012-09-21userns: Convert cramfs to use kuid/kgid where appropriateEric W. Biederman1-2/+2
Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <serge.hallyn@canonical.com> Signed-off-by: Eric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com>
2012-07-14stop passing nameidata to ->lookup()Al Viro1-1/+1
Just the flags; only NFS cares even about that, but there are legitimate uses for such argument. And getting rid of that completely would require splitting ->lookup() into a couple of methods (at least), so let's leave that alone for now... Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2012-03-21Merge branch 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-4/+2
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs Pull vfs pile 1 from Al Viro: "This is _not_ all; in particular, Miklos' and Jan's stuff is not there yet." * 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs: (64 commits) ext4: initialization of ext4_li_mtx needs to be done earlier debugfs-related mode_t whack-a-mole hfsplus: add an ioctl to bless files hfsplus: change finder_info to u32 hfsplus: initialise userflags qnx4: new helper - try_extent() qnx4: get rid of qnx4_bread/qnx4_getblk take removal of PF_FORKNOEXEC to flush_old_exec() trim includes in inode.c um: uml_dup_mmap() relies on ->mmap_sem being held, but activate_mm() doesn't hold it um: embed ->stub_pages[] into mmu_context gadgetfs: list_for_each_safe() misuse ocfs2: fix leaks on failure exits in module_init ecryptfs: make register_filesystem() the last potential failure exit ntfs: forgets to unregister sysctls on register_filesystem() failure logfs: missing cleanup on register_filesystem() failure jfs: mising cleanup on register_filesystem() failure make configfs_pin_fs() return root dentry on success configfs: configfs_create_dir() has parent dentry in dentry->d_parent configfs: sanitize configfs_create() ...
2012-03-20switch open-coded instances of d_make_root() to new helperAl Viro1-4/+2
Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2012-02-21cramfs: Fix typo in inode.cMasanari Iida1-3/+3
Correct spelling "endianess" to "endianness" in fs/cramfs/inode.c Signed-off-by: Masanari Iida <standby24x7@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>
2012-01-06Merge branches 'vfsmount-guts', 'umode_t' and 'partitions' into ZAl Viro1-2/+1
2012-01-03fs: propagate umode_t, misc bitsAl Viro1-1/+1
Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2012-01-03fs: move code out of buffer.cAl Viro1-1/+0
Move invalidate_bdev, block_sync_page into fs/block_dev.c. Export kill_bdev as well, so brd doesn't have to open code it. Reduce buffer_head.h requirement accordingly. Removed a rather large comment from invalidate_bdev, as it looked a bit obsolete to bother moving. The small comment replacing it says enough. Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Cc: Al Viro <viro@ZenIV.linux.org.uk> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2011-07-17cramfs: get_cramfs_inode() returns ERR_PTR() on failureAl Viro1-10/+12
... and we want to report these failures in ->lookup() anyway. Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2011-01-13cramfs: generate unique inode number for better inode cache usageStefani Seibold1-41/+69
Generate a unique inode numbers for any entries in the cram file system. For files which did not contain data's (device nodes, fifos and sockets) the offset of the directory entry inside the cramfs plus 1 will be used as inode number. The + 1 for the inode will it make possible to distinguish between a file which contains no data and files which has data, the later one has a inode value where the lower two bits are always 0. It also reimplements the behavior to set the size and the number of block to 0 for special file, which is the right value for empty files, devices, fifos and sockets As a little benefit it will be also more compatible which older mkcramfs, because it will never use the cramfs_inode->offset for creating a inode number for special files. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: trivial comment fix] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes] Signed-off-by: Stefani Seibold <stefani@seibold.net> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-10-29new helper: mount_bdev()Al Viro1-5/+4
... and switch of the obvious get_sb_bdev() users to ->mount() Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2010-08-18cramfs: only unlock new inodesAlexander Shishkin1-1/+1
Commit 77b8a75f5bb introduced a warning at fs/inode.c:692 unlock_new_inode(), caused by unlock_new_inode() being called on existing inodes as well. This patch changes setup_inode() to only call unlock_new_inode() for I_NEW inodes. Signed-off-by: Alexander Shishkin <virtuoso@slind.org> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2010-08-09simplify get_cramfs_inode()Al Viro1-50/+38
simply don't hash the inodes that don't have real inumber instead of skipping them during iget5_locked(); as the result, simple iget_locked() would do and we can get rid of cramfs ->drop_inode() as well. Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2009-04-02fs/cramfs: return f_fsid for statfs(2)Coly Li1-0/+3
Make cramfs return f_fsid info for statfs(2). Signed-off-by: Coly Li <coly.li@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-04-02cramfs: propagate uncompression errorsDavid VomLehn2-11/+27
Decompression errors can arise due to corruption of compressed blocks on flash or in memory. This patch propagates errors detected during decompression back to the block layer. Signed-off-by: David VomLehn <dvomlehn@cisco.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-01-22fs/Kconfig: move cramfs outAlexey Dobriyan1-0/+19
Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
2009-01-05zero i_uid/i_gid on inode allocationAl Viro1-2/+0
... and don't bother in callers. Don't bother with zeroing i_blocks, while we are at it - it's already been zeroed. i_mode is not worth the effort; it has no common default value. Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2008-08-20cramfs: fix named-pipe handlingAl Viro1-46/+38
After commit a97c9bf33f4612e2aed6f000f6b1d268b6814f3c (fix cramfs making duplicate entries in inode cache) in kernel 2.6.14, named-pipe on cramfs does not work properly. It seems the commit make all named-pipe on cramfs share their inode (and named-pipe buffer). Make ..._test() refuse to merge inodes with ->i_ino == 1, take inode setup back to get_cramfs_inode() and make ->drop_inode() evict ones with ->i_ino == 1 immediately. Reported-by: Atsushi Nemoto <anemo@mba.ocn.ne.jp> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: <stable@kernel.org> [2.6.14 and later] Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-18fs: Remove unnecessary inclusions of asm/semaphore.hMatthew Wilcox1-1/+0
None of these files use any of the functionality promised by asm/semaphore.h. Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <willy@linux.intel.com>
2007-10-18fs/cramfs/inode.c: replace hardcoded value with preprocessor constantAndi Drebes1-3/+3
Remove the hardcoded value 256 in fs/cramfs/inode.c and replaces it with CRAMFS_MAXPATHLEN. Tested on an i386 box. Signed-off-by: Andi Drebes <lists-receive@programmierforen.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-10-18fs/cramfs/inode.c: remove unused variableAndi Drebes1-2/+1
Remove a variable that is never read. Signed-off-by: Andi Drebes <lists-receive@programmierforen.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-10-17cramfs: error message about endianessAndi Drebes1-1/+10
The README file in the cramfs subdirectory says: "All data is currently in host-endian format; neither mkcramfs nor the kernel ever do swabbing." If somebody tries to mount a cramfs with the wrong endianess, cramfs only complains about a wrong magic but doesn't inform the user that only the endianess isn't right. The following patch adds an error message to the cramfs sources. If a user tries to mount a cramfs with the wrong endianess using the patched sources, cramfs will display the message "cramfs: wrong endianess". Signed-off-by: Andi Drebes <lists-receive@programmierforen.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-05-07mm: make read_cache_page synchronousNick Piggin1-1/+2
Ensure pages are uptodate after returning from read_cache_page, which allows us to cut out most of the filesystem-internal PageUptodate calls. I didn't have a great look down the call chains, but this appears to fixes 7 possible use-before uptodate in hfs, 2 in hfsplus, 1 in jfs, a few in ecryptfs, 1 in jffs2, and a possible cleared data overwritten with readpage in block2mtd. All depending on whether the filler is async and/or can return with a !uptodate page. Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-02-12[PATCH] Mark struct super_operations constJosef 'Jeff' Sipek1-2/+2
This patch is inspired by Arjan's "Patch series to mark struct file_operations and struct inode_operations const". Compile tested with gcc & sparse. Signed-off-by: Josef 'Jeff' Sipek <jsipek@cs.sunysb.edu> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

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