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2019-09-07ipc: fix sparc64 ipc() wrapperArnd Bergmann1-23/+2
Matt bisected a sparc64 specific issue with semctl, shmctl and msgctl to a commit from my y2038 series in linux-5.1, as I missed the custom sys_ipc() wrapper that sparc64 uses in place of the generic version that I patched. The problem is that the sys_{sem,shm,msg}ctl() functions in the kernel now do not allow being called with the IPC_64 flag any more, resulting in a -EINVAL error when they don't recognize the command. Instead, the correct way to do this now is to call the internal ksys_old_{sem,shm,msg}ctl() functions to select the API version. As we generally move towards these functions anyway, change all of sparc_ipc() to consistently use those in place of the sys_*() versions, and move the required ksys_*() declarations into linux/syscalls.h The IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SYSVIPC) check is required to avoid link errors when ipc is disabled. Reported-by: Matt Turner <mattst88@gmail.com> Fixes: 275f22148e87 ("ipc: rename old-style shmctl/semctl/msgctl syscalls") Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org Tested-by: Matt Turner <mattst88@gmail.com> Tested-by: Anatoly Pugachev <matorola@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
2019-05-14ipc: do cyclic id allocation for the ipc object.Manfred Spraul1-0/+3
For ipcmni_extend mode, the sequence number space is only 7 bits. So the chance of id reuse is relatively high compared with the non-extended mode. To alleviate this id reuse problem, this patch enables cyclic allocation for the index to the radix tree (idx). The disadvantage is that this can cause a slight slow-down of the fast path, as the radix tree could be higher than necessary. To limit the radix tree height, I have chosen the following limits: 1) The cycling is done over in_use*1.5. 2) At least, the cycling is done over "normal" ipcnmi mode: RADIX_TREE_MAP_SIZE elements "ipcmni_extended": 4096 elements Result: - for normal mode: No change for <= 42 active ipc elements. With more than 42 active ipc elements, a 2nd level would be added to the radix tree. Without cyclic allocation, a 2nd level would be added only with more than 63 active elements. - for extended mode: Cycling creates always at least a 2-level radix tree. With more than 2730 active objects, a 3rd level would be added, instead of > 4095 active objects until the 3rd level is added without cyclic allocation. For a 2-level radix tree compared to a 1-level radix tree, I have observed < 1% performance impact. Notes: 1) Normal "x=semget();y=semget();" is unaffected: Then the idx is e.g. a and a+1, regardless if idr_alloc() or idr_alloc_cyclic() is used. 2) The -1% happens in a microbenchmark after this situation: x=semget(); for(i=0;i<4000;i++) {t=semget();semctl(t,0,IPC_RMID);} y=semget(); Now perform semget calls on x and y that do not sleep. 3) The worst-case reuse cycle time is unfortunately unaffected: If you have 2^24-1 ipc objects allocated, and get/remove the last possible element in a loop, then the id is reused after 128 get/remove pairs. Performance check: A microbenchmark that performes no-op semop() randomly on two IDs, with only these two IDs allocated. The IDs were set using /proc/sys/kernel/sem_next_id. The test was run 5 times, averages are shown. 1 & 2: Base (6.22 seconds for 10.000.000 semops) 1 & 40: -0.2% 1 & 3348: - 0.8% 1 & 27348: - 1.6% 1 & 15777204: - 3.2% Or: ~12.6 cpu cycles per additional radix tree level. The cpu is an Intel I3-5010U. ~1300 cpu cycles/syscall is slower than what I remember (spectre impact?). V2 of the patch: - use "min" and "max" - use RADIX_TREE_MAP_SIZE * RADIX_TREE_MAP_SIZE instead of (2<<12). [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix max() warning] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190329204930.21620-3-longman@redhat.com Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Acked-by: Waiman Long <longman@redhat.com> Cc: "Luis R. Rodriguez" <mcgrof@kernel.org> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org> Cc: "Eric W . Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Cc: Takashi Iwai <tiwai@suse.de> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <dbueso@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2019-05-14ipc: conserve sequence numbers in ipcmni_extend modeManfred Spraul1-4/+4
Rewrite, based on the patch from Waiman Long: The mixing in of a sequence number into the IPC IDs is probably to avoid ID reuse in userspace as much as possible. With ipcmni_extend mode, the number of usable sequence numbers is greatly reduced leading to higher chance of ID reuse. To address this issue, we need to conserve the sequence number space as much as possible. Right now, the sequence number is incremented for every new ID created. In reality, we only need to increment the sequence number when new allocated ID is not greater than the last one allocated. It is in such case that the new ID may collide with an existing one. This is being done irrespective of the ipcmni mode. In order to avoid any races, the index is first allocated and then the pointer is replaced. Changes compared to the initial patch: - Handle failures from idr_alloc(). - Avoid that concurrent operations can see the wrong sequence number. (This is achieved by using idr_replace()). - IPCMNI_SEQ_SHIFT is not a constant, thus renamed to ipcmni_seq_shift(). - IPCMNI_SEQ_MAX is not a constant, thus renamed to ipcmni_seq_max(). Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190329204930.21620-2-longman@redhat.com Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Waiman Long <longman@redhat.com> Suggested-by: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org> Acked-by: Waiman Long <longman@redhat.com> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <dbueso@suse.de> Cc: "Eric W . Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Cc: "Luis R. Rodriguez" <mcgrof@kernel.org> Cc: Takashi Iwai <tiwai@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2019-05-14ipc: allow boot time extension of IPCMNI from 32k to 16MWaiman Long1-9/+35
The maximum number of unique System V IPC identifiers was limited to 32k. That limit should be big enough for most use cases. However, there are some users out there requesting for more, especially those that are migrating from Solaris which uses 24 bits for unique identifiers. To satisfy the need of those users, a new boot time kernel option "ipcmni_extend" is added to extend the IPCMNI value to 16M. This is a 512X increase which should be big enough for users out there that need a large number of unique IPC identifier. The use of this new option will change the pattern of the IPC identifiers returned by functions like shmget(2). An application that depends on such pattern may not work properly. So it should only be used if the users really need more than 32k of unique IPC numbers. This new option does have the side effect of reducing the maximum number of unique sequence numbers from 64k down to 128. So it is a trade-off. The computation of a new IPC id is not done in the performance critical path. So a little bit of additional overhead shouldn't have any real performance impact. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190329204930.21620-1-longman@redhat.com Signed-off-by: Waiman Long <longman@redhat.com> Acked-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <dbueso@suse.de> Cc: "Eric W . Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Cc: "Luis R. Rodriguez" <mcgrof@kernel.org> Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org> Cc: Takashi Iwai <tiwai@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2019-01-25ipc: rename old-style shmctl/semctl/msgctl syscallsArnd Bergmann1-14/+7
The behavior of these system calls is slightly different between architectures, as determined by the CONFIG_ARCH_WANT_IPC_PARSE_VERSION symbol. Most architectures that implement the split IPC syscalls don't set that symbol and only get the modern version, but alpha, arm, microblaze, mips-n32, mips-n64 and xtensa expect the caller to pass the IPC_64 flag. For the architectures that so far only implement sys_ipc(), i.e. m68k, mips-o32, powerpc, s390, sh, sparc, and x86-32, we want the new behavior when adding the split syscalls, so we need to distinguish between the two groups of architectures. The method I picked for this distinction is to have a separate system call entry point: sys_old_*ctl() now uses ipc_parse_version, while sys_*ctl() does not. The system call tables of the five architectures are changed accordingly. As an additional benefit, we no longer need the configuration specific definition for ipc_parse_version(), it always does the same thing now, but simply won't get called on architectures with the modern interface. A small downside is that on architectures that do set ARCH_WANT_IPC_PARSE_VERSION, we now have an extra set of entry points that are never called. They only add a few bytes of bloat, so it seems better to keep them compared to adding yet another Kconfig symbol. I considered adding new syscall numbers for the IPC_64 variants for consistency, but decided against that for now. Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
2018-10-31ipc: IPCMNI limit check for semmniWaiman Long1-0/+9
For SysV semaphores, the semmni value is the last part of the 4-element sem number array. To make semmni behave in a similar way to msgmni and shmmni, we can't directly use the _minmax handler. Instead, a special sem specific handler is added to check the last argument to make sure that it is limited to the [0, IPCMNI] range. An error will be returned if this is not the case. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1536352137-12003-3-git-send-email-longman@redhat.com Signed-off-by: Waiman Long <longman@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: Davidlohr Bueso <dave@stgolabs.net> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Cc: Luis R. Rodriguez <mcgrof@kernel.org> Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org> Cc: Takashi Iwai <tiwai@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-08-27y2038: globally rename compat_time to old_time32Arnd Bergmann1-1/+1
Christoph Hellwig suggested a slightly different path for handling backwards compatibility with the 32-bit time_t based system calls: Rather than simply reusing the compat_sys_* entry points on 32-bit architectures unchanged, we get rid of those entry points and the compat_time types by renaming them to something that makes more sense on 32-bit architectures (which don't have a compat mode otherwise), and then share the entry points under the new name with the 64-bit architectures that use them for implementing the compatibility. The following types and interfaces are renamed here, and moved from linux/compat_time.h to linux/time32.h: old new --- --- compat_time_t old_time32_t struct compat_timeval struct old_timeval32 struct compat_timespec struct old_timespec32 struct compat_itimerspec struct old_itimerspec32 ns_to_compat_timeval() ns_to_old_timeval32() get_compat_itimerspec64() get_old_itimerspec32() put_compat_itimerspec64() put_old_itimerspec32() compat_get_timespec64() get_old_timespec32() compat_put_timespec64() put_old_timespec32() As we already have aliases in place, this patch addresses only the instances that are relevant to the system call interface in particular, not those that occur in device drivers and other modules. Those will get handled separately, while providing the 64-bit version of the respective interfaces. I'm not renaming the timex, rusage and itimerval structures, as we are still debating what the new interface will look like, and whether we will need a replacement at all. This also doesn't change the names of the syscall entry points, which can be done more easily when we actually switch over the 32-bit architectures to use them, at that point we need to change COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINEx to SYSCALL_DEFINEx with a new name, e.g. with a _time32 suffix. Suggested-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20180705222110.GA5698@infradead.org/ Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
2018-08-22ipc/util.c: update return value of ipc_getref from int to boolManfred Spraul1-1/+1
ipc_getref has still a return value of type "int", matching the atomic_t interface of atomic_inc_not_zero()/atomic_add_unless(). ipc_getref now uses refcount_inc_not_zero, which has a return value of type "bool". Therefore, update the return code to avoid implicit conversions. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180712185241.4017-13-manfred@colorfullife.com Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <dave@stgolabs.net> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <dbueso@suse.de> Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com> Cc: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Cc: Michael Kerrisk <mtk.manpages@gmail.com> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-08-22ipc/util.c: further variable name cleanupsManfred Spraul1-5/+5
The varable names got a mess, thus standardize them again: id: user space id. Called semid, shmid, msgid if the type is known. Most functions use "id" already. idx: "index" for the idr lookup Right now, some functions use lid, ipc_addid() already uses idx as the variable name. seq: sequence number, to avoid quick collisions of the user space id key: user space key, used for the rhash tree Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180712185241.4017-12-manfred@colorfullife.com Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <dave@stgolabs.net> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <dbueso@suse.de> Cc: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Cc: Michael Kerrisk <mtk.manpages@gmail.com> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-08-22ipc: simplify ipc initializationDavidlohr Bueso1-9/+9
Now that we know that rhashtable_init() will not fail, we can get rid of a lot of the unnecessary cleanup paths when the call errored out. [manfred@colorfullife.com: variable name added to util.h to resolve checkpatch warning] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180712185241.4017-11-manfred@colorfullife.com Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <dbueso@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com> Cc: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Cc: Michael Kerrisk <mtk.manpages@gmail.com> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-08-22ipc: drop ipc_lock()Davidlohr Bueso1-1/+0
ipc/util.c contains multiple functions to get the ipc object pointer given an id number. There are two sets of function: One set verifies the sequence counter part of the id number, other functions do not check the sequence counter. The standard for function names in ipc/util.c is - ..._check() functions verify the sequence counter - ..._idr() functions do not verify the sequence counter ipc_lock() is an exception: It does not verify the sequence counter value, but this is not obvious from the function name. Furthermore, shm.c is the only user of this helper. Thus, we can simply move the logic into shm_lock() and get rid of the function altogether. [manfred@colorfullife.com: most of changelog] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180712185241.4017-7-manfred@colorfullife.com Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <dbueso@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com> Cc: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Cc: Michael Kerrisk <mtk.manpages@gmail.com> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-08-22ipc: rename ipcctl_pre_down_nolock()Manfred Spraul1-1/+1
Both the comment and the name of ipcctl_pre_down_nolock() are misleading: The function must be called while holdling the rw semaphore. Therefore the patch renames the function to ipcctl_obtain_check(): This name matches the other names used in util.c: - "obtain" function look up a pointer in the idr, without acquiring the object lock. - The caller is responsible for locking. - _check means that the sequence number is checked. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180712185241.4017-5-manfred@colorfullife.com Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Reviewed-by: Davidlohr Bueso <dbueso@suse.de> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <dave@stgolabs.net> Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com> Cc: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Cc: Michael Kerrisk <mtk.manpages@gmail.com> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-04-20y2038: ipc: Enable COMPAT_32BIT_TIMEArnd Bergmann1-1/+1
Three ipc syscalls (mq_timedsend, mq_timedreceive and and semtimedop) take a timespec argument. After we move 32-bit architectures over to useing 64-bit time_t based syscalls, we need seperate entry points for the old 32-bit based interfaces. This changes the #ifdef guards for the existing 32-bit compat syscalls to check for CONFIG_COMPAT_32BIT_TIME instead, which will then be enabled on all existing 32-bit architectures. Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
2018-04-20y2038: ipc: Use __kernel_timespecArnd Bergmann1-1/+1
This is a preparatation for changing over __kernel_timespec to 64-bit times, which involves assigning new system call numbers for mq_timedsend(), mq_timedreceive() and semtimedop() for compatibility with future y2038 proof user space. The existing ABIs will remain available through compat code. Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
2018-04-03Merge branch 'userns-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-0/+12
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/ebiederm/user-namespace Pull namespace updates from Eric Biederman: "There was a lot of work this cycle fixing bugs that were discovered after the merge window and getting everything ready where we can reasonably support fully unprivileged fuse. The bug fixes you already have and much of the unprivileged fuse work is coming in via other trees. Still left for fully unprivileged fuse is figuring out how to cleanly handle .set_acl and .get_acl in the legacy case, and properly handling of evm xattrs on unprivileged mounts. Included in the tree is a cleanup from Alexely that replaced a linked list with a statically allocated fix sized array for the pid caches, which simplifies and speeds things up. Then there is are some cleanups and fixes for the ipc namespace. The motivation was that in reviewing other code it was discovered that access ipc objects from different pid namespaces recorded pids in such a way that when asked the wrong pids were returned. In the worst case there has been a measured 30% performance impact for sysvipc semaphores. Other test cases showed no measurable performance impact. Manfred Spraul and Davidlohr Bueso who tend to work on sysvipc performance both gave the nod that this is good enough. Casey Schaufler and James Morris have given their approval to the LSM side of the changes. I simplified the types and the code dealing with sysvipc to pass just kern_ipc_perm for all three types of ipc. Which reduced the header dependencies throughout the kernel and simplified the lsm code. Which let me work on the pid fixes without having to worry about trivial changes causing complete kernel recompiles" * 'userns-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/ebiederm/user-namespace: ipc/shm: Fix pid freeing. ipc/shm: fix up for struct file no longer being available in shm.h ipc/smack: Tidy up from the change in type of the ipc security hooks ipc: Directly call the security hook in ipc_ops.associate ipc/sem: Fix semctl(..., GETPID, ...) between pid namespaces ipc/msg: Fix msgctl(..., IPC_STAT, ...) between pid namespaces ipc/shm: Fix shmctl(..., IPC_STAT, ...) between pid namespaces. ipc/util: Helpers for making the sysvipc operations pid namespace aware ipc: Move IPCMNI from include/ipc.h into ipc/util.h msg: Move struct msg_queue into ipc/msg.c shm: Move struct shmid_kernel into ipc/shm.c sem: Move struct sem and struct sem_array into ipc/sem.c msg/security: Pass kern_ipc_perm not msg_queue into the msg_queue security hooks shm/security: Pass kern_ipc_perm not shmid_kernel into the shm security hooks sem/security: Pass kern_ipc_perm not sem_array into the sem security hooks pidns: simpler allocation of pid_* caches
2018-04-02ipc: add msgsnd syscall/compat_syscall wrappersDominik Brodowski1-0/+4
Provide ksys_msgsnd() and compat_ksys_msgsnd() wrappers to avoid in-kernel calls to these syscalls. The ksys_ prefix denotes that these functions are meant as a drop-in replacement for the syscalls. In particular, they use the same calling convention as sys_msgsnd() and compat_sys_msgsnd(). This patch is part of a series which removes in-kernel calls to syscalls. On this basis, the syscall entry path can be streamlined. For details, see http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180325162527.GA17492@light.dominikbrodowski.net Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Dominik Brodowski <linux@dominikbrodowski.net>
2018-04-02ipc: add msgrcv syscall/compat_syscall wrappersDominik Brodowski1-0/+4
Provide ksys_msgrcv() and compat_ksys_msgrcv() wrappers to avoid in-kernel calls to these syscalls. The ksys_ prefix denotes that these functions are meant as a drop-in replacement for the syscalls. In particular, they use the same calling convention as sys_msgrcv() and compat_sys_msgrcv(). This patch is part of a series which removes in-kernel calls to syscalls. On this basis, the syscall entry path can be streamlined. For details, see http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180325162527.GA17492@light.dominikbrodowski.net Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Dominik Brodowski <linux@dominikbrodowski.net>
2018-04-02ipc: add msgctl syscall/compat_syscall wrappersDominik Brodowski1-0/+2
Provide ksys_msgctl() and compat_ksys_msgctl() wrappers to avoid in-kernel calls to these syscalls. The ksys_ prefix denotes that these functions are meant as a drop-in replacement for the syscalls. In particular, they use the same calling convention as sys_msgctl() and compat_sys_msgctl(). This patch is part of a series which removes in-kernel calls to syscalls. On this basis, the syscall entry path can be streamlined. For details, see http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180325162527.GA17492@light.dominikbrodowski.net Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Dominik Brodowski <linux@dominikbrodowski.net>
2018-04-02ipc: add shmctl syscall/compat_syscall wrappersDominik Brodowski1-0/+2
Provide ksys_shmctl() and compat_ksys_shmctl() wrappers to avoid in-kernel calls to these syscalls. The ksys_ prefix denotes that these functions are meant as a drop-in replacement for the syscalls. In particular, they use the same calling convention as sys_shmctl() and compat_sys_shmctl(). This patch is part of a series which removes in-kernel calls to syscalls. On this basis, the syscall entry path can be streamlined. For details, see http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180325162527.GA17492@light.dominikbrodowski.net Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Dominik Brodowski <linux@dominikbrodowski.net>
2018-04-02ipc: add shmdt syscall wrapperDominik Brodowski1-0/+1
Provide ksys_shmdt() wrapper to avoid in-kernel calls to this syscall. The ksys_ prefix denotes that this function is meant as a drop-in replacement for the syscall. In particular, it uses the same calling convention as sys_shmdt(). This patch is part of a series which removes in-kernel calls to syscalls. On this basis, the syscall entry path can be streamlined. For details, see http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180325162527.GA17492@light.dominikbrodowski.net Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Dominik Brodowski <linux@dominikbrodowski.net>
2018-04-02ipc: add shmget syscall wrapperDominik Brodowski1-0/+1
Provide ksys_shmget() wrapper to avoid in-kernel calls to this syscall. The ksys_ prefix denotes that this function is meant as a drop-in replacement for the syscall. In particular, it uses the same calling convention as sys_shmget(). This patch is part of a series which removes in-kernel calls to syscalls. On this basis, the syscall entry path can be streamlined. For details, see http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180325162527.GA17492@light.dominikbrodowski.net Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Dominik Brodowski <linux@dominikbrodowski.net>
2018-04-02ipc: add msgget syscall wrapperDominik Brodowski1-0/+1
Provide ksys_msgget() wrapper to avoid in-kernel calls to this syscall. The ksys_ prefix denotes that this function is meant as a drop-in replacement for the syscall. In particular, it uses the same calling convention as sys_msgget(). This patch is part of a series which removes in-kernel calls to syscalls. On this basis, the syscall entry path can be streamlined. For details, see http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180325162527.GA17492@light.dominikbrodowski.net Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Dominik Brodowski <linux@dominikbrodowski.net>
2018-04-02ipc: add semctl syscall/compat_syscall wrappersDominik Brodowski1-0/+2
Provide ksys_semctl() and compat_ksys_semctl() wrappers to avoid in-kernel calls to these syscalls. The ksys_ prefix denotes that these functions are meant as a drop-in replacement for the syscalls. In particular, they use the same calling convention as sys_semctl() and compat_sys_semctl(). This patch is part of a series which removes in-kernel calls to syscalls. On this basis, the syscall entry path can be streamlined. For details, see http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180325162527.GA17492@light.dominikbrodowski.net Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Dominik Brodowski <linux@dominikbrodowski.net>
2018-04-02ipc: add semget syscall wrapperDominik Brodowski1-0/+1
Provide ksys_semget() wrapper to avoid in-kernel calls to this syscall. The ksys_ prefix denotes that this function is meant as a drop-in replacement for the syscall. In particular, it uses the same calling convention as sys_semget(). This patch is part of a series which removes in-kernel calls to syscalls. On this basis, the syscall entry path can be streamlined. For details, see http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180325162527.GA17492@light.dominikbrodowski.net Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Dominik Brodowski <linux@dominikbrodowski.net>
2018-04-02ipc: add semtimedop syscall/compat_syscall wrappersDominik Brodowski1-0/+13
Provide ksys_semtimedop() and compat_ksys_semtimedop() wrappers to avoid in-kernel calls to these syscalls. The ksys_ prefix denotes that these functions are meant as a drop-in replacement for the syscalls. In particular, they use the same calling convention as sys_semtimedop() and compat_sys_semtimedop(). This patch is part of a series which removes in-kernel calls to syscalls. On this basis, the syscall entry path can be streamlined. For details, see http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180325162527.GA17492@light.dominikbrodowski.net Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Dominik Brodowski <linux@dominikbrodowski.net>
2018-03-24ipc/util: Helpers for making the sysvipc operations pid namespace awareEric W. Biederman1-0/+11
Capture the pid namespace when /proc/sysvipc/msg /proc/sysvipc/shm and /proc/sysvipc/sem are opened, and make it available through the new helper ipc_seq_pid_ns. This makes it possible to report the pids in these files in the pid namespace of the opener of the files. Implement ipc_update_pid. A simple impline helper that will only update a struct pid pointer if the new value does not equal the old value. This removes the need for wordy code sequences like: old = object->pid; object->pid = new; put_pid(old); and old = object->pid; if (old != new) { object->pid = new; put_pid(old); } Allowing the following to be written instead: ipc_update_pid(&object->pid, new); Which is easier to read and ensures that the pid reference count is not touched the old and the new values are the same. Not touching the reference count in this case is important to help avoid issues like af_unix experienced, where multiple threads of the same process managed to bounce the struct pid between cpu cache lines, but updating the pids reference count. Signed-off-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
2018-03-24ipc: Move IPCMNI from include/ipc.h into ipc/util.hEric W. Biederman1-0/+1
The definition IPCMNI is only used in ipc/util.h and ipc/util.c. So there is no reason to keep it in a header file that the whole kernel can see. Move it into util.h to simplify future maintenance. Signed-off-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
2017-11-17sysvipc: make get_maxid O(1) againDavidlohr Bueso1-3/+18
For a custom microbenchmark on a 3.30GHz Xeon SandyBridge, which calls IPC_STAT over and over, it was calculated that, on avg the cost of ipc_get_maxid() for increasing amounts of keys was: 10 keys: ~900 cycles 100 keys: ~15000 cycles 1000 keys: ~150000 cycles 10000 keys: ~2100000 cycles This is unsurprising as maxid is currently O(n). By having the max_id available in O(1) we save all those cycles for each semctl(_STAT) command, the idr_find can be expensive -- which some real (customer) workloads actually poll on. Note that this used to be the case, until commit 7ca7e564e04 ("ipc: store ipcs into IDRs"). The cost is the extra idr_find when doing RMIDs, but we simply go backwards, and should not take too many iterations to find the new value. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170831172049.14576-5-dave@stgolabs.net Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <dbueso@suse.de> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-11-17sysvipc: unteach ids->next_id for !CHECKPOINT_RESTOREDavidlohr Bueso1-5/+0
Patch series "sysvipc: ipc-key management improvements". Here are a few improvements I spotted while eyeballing Guillaume's rhashtable implementation for ipc keys. The first and fourth patches are the interesting ones, the middle two are trivial. This patch (of 4): The next_id object-allocation functionality was introduced in commit 03f595668017 ("ipc: add sysctl to specify desired next object id"). Given that these new entries are _only_ exported under the CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE option, there is no point for the common case to even know about ->next_id. As such rewrite ipc_buildid() such that it can do away with the field as well as unnecessary branches when adding a new identifier. The end result also better differentiates both cases, so the code ends up being cleaner; albeit the small duplications regarding the default case. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170831172049.14576-2-dave@stgolabs.net Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <dbueso@suse.de> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-11-02License cleanup: add SPDX GPL-2.0 license identifier to files with no licenseGreg Kroah-Hartman1-0/+1
Many source files in the tree are missing licensing information, which makes it harder for compliance tools to determine the correct license. By default all files without license information are under the default license of the kernel, which is GPL version 2. Update the files which contain no license information with the 'GPL-2.0' SPDX license identifier. The SPDX identifier is a legally binding shorthand, which can be used instead of the full boiler plate text. This patch is based on work done by Thomas Gleixner and Kate Stewart and Philippe Ombredanne. How this work was done: Patches were generated and checked against linux-4.14-rc6 for a subset of the use cases: - file had no licensing information it it. - file was a */uapi/* one with no licensing information in it, - file was a */uapi/* one with existing licensing information, Further patches will be generated in subsequent months to fix up cases where non-standard license headers were used, and references to license had to be inferred by heuristics based on keywords. The analysis to determine which SPDX License Identifier to be applied to a file was done in a spreadsheet of side by side results from of the output of two independent scanners (ScanCode & Windriver) producing SPDX tag:value files created by Philippe Ombredanne. Philippe prepared the base worksheet, and did an initial spot review of a few 1000 files. The 4.13 kernel was the starting point of the analysis with 60,537 files assessed. Kate Stewart did a file by file comparison of the scanner results in the spreadsheet to determine which SPDX license identifier(s) to be applied to the file. She confirmed any determination that was not immediately clear with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. Criteria used to select files for SPDX license identifier tagging was: - Files considered eligible had to be source code files. - Make and config files were included as candidates if they contained >5 lines of source - File already had some variant of a license header in it (even if <5 lines). All documentation files were explicitly excluded. The following heuristics were used to determine which SPDX license identifiers to apply. - when both scanners couldn't find any license traces, file was considered to have no license information in it, and the top level COPYING file license applied. For non */uapi/* files that summary was: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------- GPL-2.0 11139 and resulted in the first patch in this series. If that file was a */uapi/* path one, it was "GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note" otherwise it was "GPL-2.0". Results of that was: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------- GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 930 and resulted in the second patch in this series. - if a file had some form of licensing information in it, and was one of the */uapi/* ones, it was denoted with the Linux-syscall-note if any GPL family license was found in the file or had no licensing in it (per prior point). Results summary: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------ GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 270 GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 169 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-2-Clause) 21 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 17 LGPL-2.1+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 15 GPL-1.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 14 ((GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 5 LGPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 4 LGPL-2.1 WITH Linux-syscall-note 3 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR MIT) 3 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) AND MIT) 1 and that resulted in the third patch in this series. - when the two scanners agreed on the detected license(s), that became the concluded license(s). - when there was disagreement between the two scanners (one detected a license but the other didn't, or they both detected different licenses) a manual inspection of the file occurred. - In most cases a manual inspection of the information in the file resulted in a clear resolution of the license that should apply (and which scanner probably needed to revisit its heuristics). - When it was not immediately clear, the license identifier was confirmed with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. - If there was any question as to the appropriate license identifier, the file was flagged for further research and to be revisited later in time. In total, over 70 hours of logged manual review was done on the spreadsheet to determine the SPDX license identifiers to apply to the source files by Kate, Philippe, Thomas and, in some cases, confirmation by lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. Kate also obtained a third independent scan of the 4.13 code base from FOSSology, and compared selected files where the other two scanners disagreed against that SPDX file, to see if there was new insights. The Windriver scanner is based on an older version of FOSSology in part, so they are related. Thomas did random spot checks in about 500 files from the spreadsheets for the uapi headers and agreed with SPDX license identifier in the files he inspected. For the non-uapi files Thomas did random spot checks in about 15000 files. In initial set of patches against 4.14-rc6, 3 files were found to have copy/paste license identifier errors, and have been fixed to reflect the correct identifier. Additionally Philippe spent 10 hours this week doing a detailed manual inspection and review of the 12,461 patched files from the initial patch version early this week with: - a full scancode scan run, collecting the matched texts, detected license ids and scores - reviewing anything where there was a license detected (about 500+ files) to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct - reviewing anything where there was no detection but the patch license was not GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct This produced a worksheet with 20 files needing minor correction. This worksheet was then exported into 3 different .csv files for the different types of files to be modified. These .csv files were then reviewed by Greg. Thomas wrote a script to parse the csv files and add the proper SPDX tag to the file, in the format that the file expected. This script was further refined by Greg based on the output to detect more types of files automatically and to distinguish between header and source .c files (which need different comment types.) Finally Greg ran the script using the .csv files to generate the patches. Reviewed-by: Kate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org> Reviewed-by: Philippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com> Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
2017-09-14Merge branch 'work.ipc' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-0/+30
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs Pull ipc compat cleanup and 64-bit time_t from Al Viro: "IPC copyin/copyout sanitizing, including 64bit time_t work from Deepa Dinamani" * 'work.ipc' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs: utimes: Make utimes y2038 safe ipc: shm: Make shmid_kernel timestamps y2038 safe ipc: sem: Make sem_array timestamps y2038 safe ipc: msg: Make msg_queue timestamps y2038 safe ipc: mqueue: Replace timespec with timespec64 ipc: Make sys_semtimedop() y2038 safe get rid of SYSVIPC_COMPAT on ia64 semtimedop(): move compat to native shmat(2): move compat to native msgrcv(2), msgsnd(2): move compat to native ipc(2): move compat to native ipc: make use of compat ipc_perm helpers semctl(): move compat to native semctl(): separate all layout-dependent copyin/copyout msgctl(): move compat to native msgctl(): split the actual work from copyin/copyout ipc: move compat shmctl to native shmctl: split the work from copyin/copyout
2017-09-08ipc: optimize semget/shmget/msgget for lots of keysGuillaume Knispel1-9/+12
ipc_findkey() used to scan all objects to look for the wanted key. This is slow when using a high number of keys. This change adds an rhashtable of kern_ipc_perm objects in ipc_ids, so that one lookup cease to be O(n). This change gives a 865% improvement of benchmark reaim.jobs_per_min on a 56 threads Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E5-2695 v3 @ 2.30GHz with 256G memory [1] Other (more micro) benchmark results, by the author: On an i5 laptop, the following loop executed right after a reboot took, without and with this change: for (int i = 0, k=0x424242; i < KEYS; ++i) semget(k++, 1, IPC_CREAT | 0600); total total max single max single KEYS without with call without call with 1 3.5 4.9 µs 3.5 4.9 10 7.6 8.6 µs 3.7 4.7 32 16.2 15.9 µs 4.3 5.3 100 72.9 41.8 µs 3.7 4.7 1000 5,630.0 502.0 µs * * 10000 1,340,000.0 7,240.0 µs * * 31900 17,600,000.0 22,200.0 µs * * *: unreliable measure: high variance The duration for a lookup-only usage was obtained by the same loop once the keys are present: total total max single max single KEYS without with call without call with 1 2.1 2.5 µs 2.1 2.5 10 4.5 4.8 µs 2.2 2.3 32 13.0 10.8 µs 2.3 2.8 100 82.9 25.1 µs * 2.3 1000 5,780.0 217.0 µs * * 10000 1,470,000.0 2,520.0 µs * * 31900 17,400,000.0 7,810.0 µs * * Finally, executing each semget() in a new process gave, when still summing only the durations of these syscalls: creation: total total KEYS without with 1 3.7 5.0 µs 10 32.9 36.7 µs 32 125.0 109.0 µs 100 523.0 353.0 µs 1000 20,300.0 3,280.0 µs 10000 2,470,000.0 46,700.0 µs 31900 27,800,000.0 219,000.0 µs lookup-only: total total KEYS without with 1 2.5 2.7 µs 10 25.4 24.4 µs 32 106.0 72.6 µs 100 591.0 352.0 µs 1000 22,400.0 2,250.0 µs 10000 2,510,000.0 25,700.0 µs 31900 28,200,000.0 115,000.0 µs [1] http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170814060507.GE23258@yexl-desktop Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170815194954.ck32ta2z35yuzpwp@debix Signed-off-by: Guillaume Knispel <guillaume.knispel@supersonicimagine.com> Reviewed-by: Marc Pardo <marc.pardo@supersonicimagine.com> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <dave@stgolabs.net> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Cc: "Peter Zijlstra (Intel)" <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Cc: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de> Cc: Serge Hallyn <serge@hallyn.com> Cc: Andrey Vagin <avagin@openvz.org> Cc: Guillaume Knispel <guillaume.knispel@supersonicimagine.com> Cc: Marc Pardo <marc.pardo@supersonicimagine.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-07-15semctl(): move compat to nativeAl Viro1-0/+6
Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2017-07-15ipc: move compat shmctl to nativeAl Viro1-0/+24
Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2017-07-12ipc/util.h: update documentation for ipc_getref() and ipc_putref()Manfred Spraul1-0/+3
Now that ipc_rcu_alloc() and ipc_rcu_free() are removed, document when it is valid to use ipc_getref() and ipc_putref(). Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170525185107.12869-21-manfred@colorfullife.com Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <dave@stgolabs.net> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-07-12ipc/util: drop ipc_rcu_alloc()Kees Cook1-3/+0
No callers remain for ipc_rcu_alloc(). Drop the function. [manfred@colorfullife.com: Rediff because the memset was temporarily inside ipc_rcu_free()] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170525185107.12869-13-manfred@colorfullife.com Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-07-12ipc/util: drop ipc_rcu_free()Kees Cook1-1/+0
There are no more callers of ipc_rcu_free(), so remove it. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170525185107.12869-9-manfred@colorfullife.com Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <dave@stgolabs.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-07-12ipc: drop non-RCU allocationKees Cook1-6/+0
The only users of ipc_alloc() were ipc_rcu_alloc() and the on-heap sem_io fall-back memory. Better to just open-code these to make things easier to read. [manfred@colorfullife.com: Rediff due to inclusion of memset() into ipc_rcu_alloc()] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170525185107.12869-5-manfred@colorfullife.com Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <dave@stgolabs.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-07-12ipc: merge ipc_rcu and kern_ipc_permManfred Spraul1-11/+7
ipc has two management structures that exist for every id: - struct kern_ipc_perm, it contains e.g. the permissions. - struct ipc_rcu, it contains the rcu head for rcu handling and the refcount. The patch merges both structures. As a bonus, we may save one cacheline, because both structures are cacheline aligned. In addition, it reduces the number of casts, instead most codepaths can use container_of. To simplify code, the ipc_rcu_alloc initializes the allocation to 0. [manfred@colorfullife.com: really include the memset() into ipc_alloc_rcu()] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/564f8612-0601-b267-514f-a9f650ec9b32@colorfullife.com Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170525185107.12869-3-manfred@colorfullife.com Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <dave@stgolabs.net> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-04-17ipc: Remove unused declaration of recompute_msgmniEric W. Biederman1-2/+0
The function recompute_msgmni was removed a while ago but it is still declared in a header file remove it. Signed-off-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
2016-01-22tree wide: use kvfree() than conditional kfree()/vfree()Tetsuo Handa1-1/+1
There are many locations that do if (memory_was_allocated_by_vmalloc) vfree(ptr); else kfree(ptr); but kvfree() can handle both kmalloc()ed memory and vmalloc()ed memory using is_vmalloc_addr(). Unless callers have special reasons, we can replace this branch with kvfree(). Please check and reply if you found problems. Signed-off-by: Tetsuo Handa <penguin-kernel@I-love.SAKURA.ne.jp> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Acked-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.com> Acked-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk> Reviewed-by: Andreas Dilger <andreas.dilger@intel.com> Acked-by: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@rjwysocki.net> Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: "Luck, Tony" <tony.luck@intel.com> Cc: Oleg Drokin <oleg.drokin@intel.com> Cc: Boris Petkov <bp@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-06-30ipc: rename ipc_obtain_objectDavidlohr Bueso1-1/+1
... to ipc_obtain_object_idr, which is more meaningful and makes the code slightly easier to follow. Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <dbueso@suse.de> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-06-06ipc, kernel: clear whitespacePaul McQuade1-4/+4
trailing whitespace Signed-off-by: Paul McQuade <paulmcquad@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-06-06ipc: constify ipc_opsMathias Krause1-1/+1
There is no need to recreate the very same ipc_ops structure on every kernel entry for msgget/semget/shmget. Just declare it static and be done with it. While at it, constify it as we don't modify the structure at runtime. Found in the PaX patch, written by the PaX Team. Signed-off-by: Mathias Krause <minipli@googlemail.com> Cc: PaX Team <pageexec@freemail.hu> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-01-27ipc: delete seq_max field in struct ipc_idsDavidlohr Bueso1-0/+1
This field is only used to reset the ids seq number if it exceeds the smaller of INT_MAX/SEQ_MULTIPLIER and USHRT_MAX, and can therefore be moved out of the structure and into its own macro. Since each ipc_namespace contains a table of 3 pointers to struct ipc_ids we can save space in instruction text: text data bss dec hex filename 56232 2348 24 58604 e4ec ipc/built-in.o 56216 2348 24 58588 e4dc ipc/built-in.o-after Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com> Reviewed-by: Jonathan Gonzalez <jgonzalez@linets.cl> Cc: Aswin Chandramouleeswaran <aswin@hp.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Acked-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-01-27ipc: whitespace cleanupManfred Spraul1-7/+7
The ipc code does not adhere the typical linux coding style. This patch fixes lots of simple whitespace errors. - mostly autogenerated by scripts/checkpatch.pl -f --fix \ --types=pointer_location,spacing,space_before_tab - one manual fixup (keep structure members tab-aligned) - removal of additional space_before_tab that were not found by --fix Tested with some of my msg and sem test apps. Andrew: Could you include it in -mm and move it towards Linus' tree? Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Suggested-by: Li Bin <huawei.libin@huawei.com> Cc: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com> Acked-by: Rafael Aquini <aquini@redhat.com> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-01-27ipc: change kern_ipc_perm.deleted type to boolRafael Aquini1-1/+1
struct kern_ipc_perm.deleted is meant to be used as a boolean toggle, and the changes introduced by this patch are just to make the case explicit. Signed-off-by: Rafael Aquini <aquini@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com> Acked-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-01-27ipc: introduce ipc_valid_object() helper to sort out IPC_RMID racesRafael Aquini1-0/+13
After the locking semantics for the SysV IPC API got improved, a couple of IPC_RMID race windows were opened because we ended up dropping the 'kern_ipc_perm.deleted' check performed way down in ipc_lock(). The spotted races got sorted out by re-introducing the old test within the racy critical sections. This patch introduces ipc_valid_object() to consolidate the way we cope with IPC_RMID races by using the same abstraction across the API implementation. Signed-off-by: Rafael Aquini <aquini@redhat.com> Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Acked-by: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com> Reviewed-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-11-13ipc, msg: fix message length check for negative valuesMathias Krause1-2/+2
On 64 bit systems the test for negative message sizes is bogus as the size, which may be positive when evaluated as a long, will get truncated to an int when passed to load_msg(). So a long might very well contain a positive value but when truncated to an int it would become negative. That in combination with a small negative value of msg_ctlmax (which will be promoted to an unsigned type for the comparison against msgsz, making it a big positive value and therefore make it pass the check) will lead to two problems: 1/ The kmalloc() call in alloc_msg() will allocate a too small buffer as the addition of alen is effectively a subtraction. 2/ The copy_from_user() call in load_msg() will first overflow the buffer with userland data and then, when the userland access generates an access violation, the fixup handler copy_user_handle_tail() will try to fill the remainder with zeros -- roughly 4GB. That almost instantly results in a system crash or reset. ,-[ Reproducer (needs to be run as root) ]-- | #include <sys/stat.h> | #include <sys/msg.h> | #include <unistd.h> | #include <fcntl.h> | | int main(void) { | long msg = 1; | int fd; | | fd = open("/proc/sys/kernel/msgmax", O_WRONLY); | write(fd, "-1", 2); | close(fd); | | msgsnd(0, &msg, 0xfffffff0, IPC_NOWAIT); | | return 0; | } '--- Fix the issue by preventing msgsz from getting truncated by consistently using size_t for the message length. This way the size checks in do_msgsnd() could still be passed with a negative value for msg_ctlmax but we would fail on the buffer allocation in that case and error out. Also change the type of m_ts from int to size_t to avoid similar nastiness in other code paths -- it is used in similar constructs, i.e. signed vs. unsigned checks. It should never become negative under normal circumstances, though. Setting msg_ctlmax to a negative value is an odd configuration and should be prevented. As that might break existing userland, it will be handled in a separate commit so it could easily be reverted and reworked without reintroducing the above described bug. Hardening mechanisms for user copy operations would have catched that bug early -- e.g. checking slab object sizes on user copy operations as the usercopy feature of the PaX patch does. Or, for that matter, detect the long vs. int sign change due to truncation, as the size overflow plugin of the very same patch does. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix i386 min() warnings] Signed-off-by: Mathias Krause <minipli@googlemail.com> Cc: Pax Team <pageexec@freemail.hu> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com> Cc: Brad Spengler <spender@grsecurity.net> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> [ v2.3.27+ -- yes, that old ;) ] Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-09-24ipc: fix race with LSMsDavidlohr Bueso1-1/+9
Currently, IPC mechanisms do security and auditing related checks under RCU. However, since security modules can free the security structure, for example, through selinux_[sem,msg_queue,shm]_free_security(), we can race if the structure is freed before other tasks are done with it, creating a use-after-free condition. Manfred illustrates this nicely, for instance with shared mem and selinux: -> do_shmat calls rcu_read_lock() -> do_shmat calls shm_object_check(). Checks that the object is still valid - but doesn't acquire any locks. Then it returns. -> do_shmat calls security_shm_shmat (e.g. selinux_shm_shmat) -> selinux_shm_shmat calls ipc_has_perm() -> ipc_has_perm accesses ipc_perms->security shm_close() -> shm_close acquires rw_mutex & shm_lock -> shm_close calls shm_destroy -> shm_destroy calls security_shm_free (e.g. selinux_shm_free_security) -> selinux_shm_free_security calls ipc_free_security(&shp->shm_perm) -> ipc_free_security calls kfree(ipc_perms->security) This patch delays the freeing of the security structures after all RCU readers are done. Furthermore it aligns the security life cycle with that of the rest of IPC - freeing them based on the reference counter. For situations where we need not free security, the current behavior is kept. Linus states: "... the old behavior was suspect for another reason too: having the security blob go away from under a user sounds like it could cause various other problems anyway, so I think the old code was at least _prone_ to bugs even if it didn't have catastrophic behavior." I have tested this patch with IPC testcases from LTP on both my quad-core laptop and on a 64 core NUMA server. In both cases selinux is enabled, and tests pass for both voluntary and forced preemption models. While the mentioned races are theoretical (at least no one as reported them), I wanted to make sure that this new logic doesn't break anything we weren't aware of. Suggested-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com> Acked-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

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