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path: root/drivers/infiniband/core/iwcm.c
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/*
 * Copyright (c) 2004, 2005 Intel Corporation.  All rights reserved.
 * Copyright (c) 2004 Topspin Corporation.  All rights reserved.
 * Copyright (c) 2004, 2005 Voltaire Corporation.  All rights reserved.
 * Copyright (c) 2005 Sun Microsystems, Inc. All rights reserved.
 * Copyright (c) 2005 Open Grid Computing, Inc. All rights reserved.
 * Copyright (c) 2005 Network Appliance, Inc. All rights reserved.
 *
 * This software is available to you under a choice of one of two
 * licenses.  You may choose to be licensed under the terms of the GNU
 * General Public License (GPL) Version 2, available from the file
 * COPYING in the main directory of this source tree, or the
 * OpenIB.org BSD license below:
 *
 *     Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or
 *     without modification, are permitted provided that the following
 *     conditions are met:
 *
 *      - Redistributions of source code must retain the above
 *        copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following
 *        disclaimer.
 *
 *      - Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above
 *        copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following
 *        disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials
 *        provided with the distribution.
 *
 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND,
 * EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF
 * MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND
 * NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS
 * BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN
 * ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN
 * CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE
 * SOFTWARE.
 *
 */
#include <linux/dma-mapping.h>
#include <linux/err.h>
#include <linux/idr.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/rbtree.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/workqueue.h>
#include <linux/completion.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/sysctl.h>

#include <rdma/iw_cm.h>
#include <rdma/ib_addr.h>
#include <rdma/iw_portmap.h>
#include <rdma/rdma_netlink.h>

#include "iwcm.h"

MODULE_AUTHOR("Tom Tucker");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("iWARP CM");
MODULE_LICENSE("Dual BSD/GPL");

static const char * const iwcm_rej_reason_strs[] = {
	[ECONNRESET]			= "reset by remote host",
	[ECONNREFUSED]			= "refused by remote application",
	[ETIMEDOUT]			= "setup timeout",
};

const char *__attribute_const__ iwcm_reject_msg(int reason)
{
	size_t index;

	/* iWARP uses negative errnos */
	index = -reason;

	if (index < ARRAY_SIZE(iwcm_rej_reason_strs) &&
	    iwcm_rej_reason_strs[index])
		return iwcm_rej_reason_strs[index];
	else
		return "unrecognized reason";
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(iwcm_reject_msg);

static struct ibnl_client_cbs iwcm_nl_cb_table[] = {
	[RDMA_NL_IWPM_REG_PID] = {.dump = iwpm_register_pid_cb},
	[RDMA_NL_IWPM_ADD_MAPPING] = {.dump = iwpm_add_mapping_cb},
	[RDMA_NL_IWPM_QUERY_MAPPING] = {.dump = iwpm_add_and_query_mapping_cb},
	[RDMA_NL_IWPM_REMOTE_INFO] = {.dump = iwpm_remote_info_cb},
	[RDMA_NL_IWPM_HANDLE_ERR] = {.dump = iwpm_mapping_error_cb},
	[RDMA_NL_IWPM_MAPINFO] = {.dump = iwpm_mapping_info_cb},
	[RDMA_NL_IWPM_MAPINFO_NUM] = {.dump = iwpm_ack_mapping_info_cb}
};

static struct workqueue_struct *iwcm_wq;
struct iwcm_work {
	struct work_struct work;
	struct iwcm_id_private *cm_id;
	struct list_head list;
	struct iw_cm_event event;
	struct list_head free_list;
};

static unsigned int default_backlog = 256;

static struct ctl_table_header *iwcm_ctl_table_hdr;
static struct ctl_table iwcm_ctl_table[] = {
	{
		.procname	= "default_backlog",
		.data		= &default_backlog,
		.maxlen		= sizeof(default_backlog),
		.mode		= 0644,
		.proc_handler	= proc_dointvec,
	},
	{ }
};

/*
 * The following services provide a mechanism for pre-allocating iwcm_work
 * elements.  The design pre-allocates them  based on the cm_id type:
 *	LISTENING IDS: 	Get enough elements preallocated to handle the
 *			listen backlog.
 *	ACTIVE IDS:	4: CONNECT_REPLY, ESTABLISHED, DISCONNECT, CLOSE
 *	PASSIVE IDS:	3: ESTABLISHED, DISCONNECT, CLOSE
 *
 * Allocating them in connect and listen avoids having to deal
 * with allocation failures on the event upcall from the provider (which
 * is called in the interrupt context).
 *
 * One exception is when creating the cm_id for incoming connection requests.
 * There are two cases:
 * 1) in the event upcall, cm_event_handler(), for a listening cm_id.  If
 *    the backlog is exceeded, then no more connection request events will
 *    be processed.  cm_event_handler() returns -ENOMEM in this case.  Its up
 *    to the provider to reject the connection request.
 * 2) in the connection request workqueue handler, cm_conn_req_handler().
 *    If work elements cannot be allocated for the new connect request cm_id,
 *    then IWCM will call the provider reject method.  This is ok since
 *    cm_conn_req_handler() runs in the workqueue thread context.
 */

static struct iwcm_work *get_work(struct iwcm_id_private *cm_id_priv)
{
	struct iwcm_work *work;

	if (list_empty(&cm_id_priv->work_free_list))
		return NULL;
	work = list_entry(cm_id_priv->work_free_list.next, struct iwcm_work,
			  free_list);
	list_del_init(&work->free_list);
	return work;
}

static void put_work(struct iwcm_work *work)
{
	list_add(&work->free_list, &work->cm_id->work_free_list);
}

static void dealloc_work_entries(struct iwcm_id_private *cm_id_priv)
{
	struct list_head *e, *tmp;

	list_for_each_safe(e, tmp, &cm_id_priv->work_free_list)
		kfree(list_entry(e, struct iwcm_work, free_list));
}

static int alloc_work_entries(struct iwcm_id_private *cm_id_priv, int count)
{
	struct iwcm_work *work;

	BUG_ON(!list_empty(&cm_id_priv->work_free_list));
	while (count--) {
		work = kmalloc(sizeof(struct iwcm_work), GFP_KERNEL);
		if (!work) {
			dealloc_work_entries(cm_id_priv);
			return -ENOMEM;
		}
		work->cm_id = cm_id_priv;
		INIT_LIST_HEAD(&work->list);
		put_work(work);
	}
	return 0;
}

/*
 * Save private data from incoming connection requests to
 * iw_cm_event, so the low level driver doesn't have to. Adjust
 * the event ptr to point to the local copy.
 */
static int copy_private_data(struct iw_cm_event *event)
{
	void *p;

	p = kmemdup(event->private_data, event->private_data_len, GFP_ATOMIC);
	if (!p)
		return -ENOMEM;
	event->private_data = p;
	return 0;
}

static void free_cm_id(struct iwcm_id_private *cm_id_priv)
{
	dealloc_work_entries(cm_id_priv);
	kfree(cm_id_priv);
}

/*
 * Release a reference on cm_id. If the last reference is being
 * released, free the cm_id and return 1.
 */
static int iwcm_deref_id(struct iwcm_id_private *cm_id_priv)
{
	BUG_ON(atomic_read(&cm_id_priv->refcount)==0);
	if (atomic_dec_and_test(&cm_id_priv->refcount)) {
		BUG_ON(!list_empty(&cm_id_priv->work_list));
		free_cm_id(cm_id_priv);
		return 1;
	}

	return 0;
}

static void add_ref(struct iw_cm_id *cm_id)
{
	struct iwcm_id_private *cm_id_priv;
	cm_id_priv = container_of(cm_id, struct iwcm_id_private, id);
	atomic_inc(&cm_id_priv->refcount);
}

static void rem_ref(struct iw_cm_id *cm_id)
{
	struct iwcm_id_private *cm_id_priv;

	cm_id_priv = container_of(cm_id, struct iwcm_id_private, id);

	(void)iwcm_deref_id(cm_id_priv);
}

static int cm_event_handler(struct iw_cm_id *cm_id, struct iw_cm_event *event);

struct iw_cm_id *iw_create_cm_id(struct ib_device *device,
				 iw_cm_handler cm_handler,
				 void *context)
{
	struct iwcm_id_private *cm_id_priv;

	cm_id_priv = kzalloc(sizeof(*cm_id_priv), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!cm_id_priv)
		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);

	cm_id_priv->state = IW_CM_STATE_IDLE;
	cm_id_priv->id.device = device;
	cm_id_priv->id.cm_handler = cm_handler;
	cm_id_priv->id.context = context;
	cm_id_priv->id.event_handler = cm_event_handler;
	cm_id_priv->id.add_ref = add_ref;
	cm_id_priv->id.rem_ref = rem_ref;
	spin_lock_init(&cm_id_priv->lock);
	atomic_set(&cm_id_priv->refcount, 1);
	init_waitqueue_head(&cm_id_priv->connect_wait);
	init_completion(&cm_id_priv->destroy_comp);
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&cm_id_priv->work_list);
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&cm_id_priv->work_free_list);

	return &cm_id_priv->id;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(iw_create_cm_id);


static int iwcm_modify_qp_err(struct ib_qp *qp)
{
	struct ib_qp_attr qp_attr;

	if (!qp)
		return -EINVAL;

	qp_attr.qp_state = IB_QPS_ERR;
	return ib_modify_qp(qp, &qp_attr, IB_QP_STATE);
}

/*
 * This is really the RDMAC CLOSING state. It is most similar to the
 * IB SQD QP state.
 */
static int iwcm_modify_qp_sqd(struct ib_qp *qp)
{
	struct ib_qp_attr qp_attr;

	BUG_ON(qp == NULL);
	qp_attr.qp_state = IB_QPS_SQD;
	return ib_modify_qp(qp, &qp_attr, IB_QP_STATE);
}

/*
 * CM_ID <-- CLOSING
 *
 * Block if a passive or active connection is currently being processed. Then
 * process the event as follows:
 * - If we are ESTABLISHED, move to CLOSING and modify the QP state
 *   based on the abrupt flag
 * - If the connection is already in the CLOSING or IDLE state, the peer is
 *   disconnecting concurrently with us and we've already seen the
 *   DISCONNECT event -- ignore the request and return 0
 * - Disconnect on a listening endpoint returns -EINVAL
 */
int iw_cm_disconnect(struct iw_cm_id *cm_id, int abrupt)
{
	struct iwcm_id_private *cm_id_priv;
	unsigned long flags;
	int ret = 0;
	struct ib_qp *qp = NULL;

	cm_id_priv = container_of(cm_id, struct iwcm_id_private, id);
	/* Wait if we're currently in a connect or accept downcall */
	wait_event(cm_id_priv->connect_wait,
		   !test_bit(IWCM_F_CONNECT_WAIT, &cm_id_priv->flags));

	spin_lock_irqsave(&cm_id_priv->lock, flags);
	switch (cm_id_priv->state) {
	case IW_CM_STATE_ESTABLISHED:
		cm_id_priv->state = IW_CM_STATE_CLOSING;

		/* QP could be <nul> for user-mode client */
		if (cm_id_priv->qp)
			qp = cm_id_priv->qp;
		else
			ret = -EINVAL;
		break;
	case IW_CM_STATE_LISTEN:
		ret = -EINVAL;
		break;
	case IW_CM_STATE_CLOSING:
		/* remote peer closed first */
	case IW_CM_STATE_IDLE:
		/* accept or connect returned !0 */
		break;
	case IW_CM_STATE_CONN_RECV:
		/*
		 * App called disconnect before/without calling accept after
		 * connect_request event delivered.
		 */
		break;
	case IW_CM_STATE_CONN_SENT:
		/* Can only get here if wait above fails */
	default:
		BUG();
	}
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cm_id_priv->lock, flags);

	if (qp) {
		if (abrupt)
			ret = iwcm_modify_qp_err(qp);
		else
			ret = iwcm_modify_qp_sqd(qp);

		/*
		 * If both sides are disconnecting the QP could
		 * already be in ERR or SQD states
		 */
		ret = 0;
	}

	return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(iw_cm_disconnect);

/*
 * CM_ID <-- DESTROYING
 *
 * Clean up all resources associated with the connection and release
 * the initial reference taken by iw_create_cm_id.
 */
static void destroy_cm_id(struct iw_cm_id *cm_id)
{
	struct iwcm_id_private *cm_id_priv;
	unsigned long flags;

	cm_id_priv = container_of(cm_id, struct iwcm_id_private, id);
	/*
	 * Wait if we're currently in a connect or accept downcall. A
	 * listening endpoint should never block here.
	 */
	wait_event(cm_id_priv->connect_wait,
		   !test_bit(IWCM_F_CONNECT_WAIT, &cm_id_priv->flags));

	/*
	 * Since we're deleting the cm_id, drop any events that
	 * might arrive before the last dereference.
	 */
	set_bit(IWCM_F_DROP_EVENTS, &cm_id_priv->flags);

	spin_lock_irqsave(&cm_id_priv->lock, flags);
	switch (cm_id_priv->state) {
	case IW_CM_STATE_LISTEN:
		cm_id_priv->state = IW_CM_STATE_DESTROYING;
		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cm_id_priv->lock, flags);
		/* destroy the listening endpoint */
		cm_id->device->iwcm->destroy_listen(cm_id);
		spin_lock_irqsave(&cm_id_priv->lock, flags);
		break;
	case IW_CM_STATE_ESTABLISHED:
		cm_id_priv->state = IW_CM_STATE_DESTROYING;
		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cm_id_priv->lock, flags);
		/* Abrupt close of the connection */
		(void)iwcm_modify_qp_err(cm_id_priv->qp);
		spin_lock_irqsave(&cm_id_priv->lock, flags);
		break;
	case IW_CM_STATE_IDLE:
	case IW_CM_STATE_CLOSING:
		cm_id_priv->state = IW_CM_STATE_DESTROYING;
		break;
	case IW_CM_STATE_CONN_RECV:
		/*
		 * App called destroy before/without calling accept after
		 * receiving connection request event notification or
		 * returned non zero from the event callback function.
		 * In either case, must tell the provider to reject.
		 */
		cm_id_priv->state = IW_CM_STATE_DESTROYING;
		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cm_id_priv->lock, flags);
		cm_id->device->iwcm->reject(cm_id, NULL, 0);
		spin_lock_irqsave(&cm_id_priv->lock, flags);
		break;
	case IW_CM_STATE_CONN_SENT:
	case IW_CM_STATE_DESTROYING:
	default:
		BUG();
		break;
	}
	if (cm_id_priv->qp) {
		cm_id_priv->id.device->iwcm->rem_ref(cm_id_priv->qp);
		cm_id_priv->qp = NULL;
	}
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cm_id_priv->lock, flags);

	if (cm_id->mapped) {
		iwpm_remove_mapinfo(&cm_id->local_addr, &cm_id->m_local_addr);
		iwpm_remove_mapping(&cm_id->local_addr, RDMA_NL_IWCM);
	}

	(void)iwcm_deref_id(cm_id_priv);
}

/*
 * This function is only called by the application thread and cannot
 * be called by the event thread. The function will wait for all
 * references to be released on the cm_id and then kfree the cm_id
 * object.
 */
void iw_destroy_cm_id(struct iw_cm_id *cm_id)
{
	struct iwcm_id_private *cm_id_priv;

	cm_id_priv = container_of(cm_id, struct iwcm_id_private, id);
	destroy_cm_id(cm_id);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(iw_destroy_cm_id);

/**
 * iw_cm_check_wildcard - If IP address is 0 then use original
 * @pm_addr: sockaddr containing the ip to check for wildcard
 * @cm_addr: sockaddr containing the actual IP address
 * @cm_outaddr: sockaddr to set IP addr which leaving port
 *
 *  Checks the pm_addr for wildcard and then sets cm_outaddr's
 *  IP to the actual (cm_addr).
 */
static void iw_cm_check_wildcard(struct sockaddr_storage *pm_addr,
				 struct sockaddr_storage *cm_addr,
				 struct sockaddr_storage *cm_outaddr)
{
	if (pm_addr->ss_family == AF_INET) {
		struct sockaddr_in *pm4_addr = (struct sockaddr_in *)pm_addr;

		if (pm4_addr->sin_addr.s_addr == htonl(INADDR_ANY)) {
			struct sockaddr_in *cm4_addr =
				(struct sockaddr_in *)cm_addr;
			struct sockaddr_in *cm4_outaddr =
				(struct sockaddr_in *)cm_outaddr;

			cm4_outaddr->sin_addr = cm4_addr->sin_addr;
		}
	} else {
		struct sockaddr_in6 *pm6_addr = (struct sockaddr_in6 *)pm_addr;

		if (ipv6_addr_type(&pm6_addr->sin6_addr) == IPV6_ADDR_ANY) {
			struct sockaddr_in6 *cm6_addr =
				(struct sockaddr_in6 *)cm_addr;
			struct sockaddr_in6 *cm6_outaddr =
				(struct sockaddr_in6 *)cm_outaddr;

			cm6_outaddr->sin6_addr = cm6_addr->sin6_addr;
		}
	}
}

/**
 * iw_cm_map - Use portmapper to map the ports
 * @cm_id: connection manager pointer
 * @active: Indicates the active side when true
 * returns nonzero for error only if iwpm_create_mapinfo() fails
 *
 * Tries to add a mapping for a port using the Portmapper. If
 * successful in mapping the IP/Port it will check the remote
 * mapped IP address for a wildcard IP address and replace the
 * zero IP address with the remote_addr.
 */
static int iw_cm_map(struct iw_cm_id *cm_id, bool active)
{
	struct iwpm_dev_data pm_reg_msg;
	struct iwpm_sa_data pm_msg;
	int status;

	cm_id->m_local_addr = cm_id->local_addr;
	cm_id->m_remote_addr = cm_id->remote_addr;

	memcpy(pm_reg_msg.dev_name, cm_id->device->name,
	       sizeof(pm_reg_msg.dev_name));
	memcpy(pm_reg_msg.if_name, cm_id->device->iwcm->ifname,
	       sizeof(pm_reg_msg.if_name));

	if (iwpm_register_pid(&pm_reg_msg, RDMA_NL_IWCM) ||
	    !iwpm_valid_pid())
		return 0;

	cm_id->mapped = true;
	pm_msg.loc_addr = cm_id->local_addr;
	pm_msg.rem_addr = cm_id->remote_addr;
	if (active)
		status = iwpm_add_and_query_mapping(&pm_msg,
						    RDMA_NL_IWCM);
	else
		status = iwpm_add_mapping(&pm_msg, RDMA_NL_IWCM);

	if (!status) {
		cm_id->m_local_addr = pm_msg.mapped_loc_addr;
		if (active) {
			cm_id->m_remote_addr = pm_msg.mapped_rem_addr;
			iw_cm_check_wildcard(&pm_msg.mapped_rem_addr,
					     &cm_id->remote_addr,
					     &cm_id->m_remote_addr);
		}
	}

	return iwpm_create_mapinfo(&cm_id->local_addr,
				   &cm_id->m_local_addr,
				   RDMA_NL_IWCM);
}

/*
 * CM_ID <-- LISTEN
 *
 * Start listening for connect requests. Generates one CONNECT_REQUEST
 * event for each inbound connect request.
 */
int iw_cm_listen(struct iw_cm_id *cm_id, int backlog)
{
	struct iwcm_id_private *cm_id_priv;
	unsigned long flags;
	int ret;

	cm_id_priv = container_of(cm_id, struct iwcm_id_private, id);

	if (!backlog)
		backlog = default_backlog;

	ret = alloc_work_entries(cm_id_priv, backlog);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&cm_id_priv->lock, flags);
	switch (cm_id_priv->state) {
	case IW_CM_STATE_IDLE:
		cm_id_priv->state = IW_CM_STATE_LISTEN;
		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cm_id_priv->lock, flags);
		ret = iw_cm_map(cm_id, false);
		if (!ret)
			ret = cm_id->device->iwcm->create_listen(cm_id, backlog);
		if (ret)
			cm_id_priv->state = IW_CM_STATE_IDLE;
		spin_lock_irqsave(&cm_id_priv->lock, flags);
		break;
	default:
		ret = -EINVAL;
	}
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cm_id_priv->lock, flags);

	return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(iw_cm_listen);

/*
 * CM_ID <-- IDLE
 *
 * Rejects an inbound connection request. No events are generated.
 */
int iw_cm_reject(struct iw_cm_id *cm_id,
		 const void *private_data,
		 u8 private_data_len)
{
	struct iwcm_id_private *cm_id_priv;
	unsigned long flags;
	int ret;

	cm_id_priv = container_of(cm_id, struct iwcm_id_private, id);
	set_bit(IWCM_F_CONNECT_WAIT, &cm_id_priv->flags);

	spin_lock_irqsave(&cm_id_priv->lock, flags);
	if (cm_id_priv->state != IW_CM_STATE_CONN_RECV) {
		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cm_id_priv->lock, flags);
		clear_bit(IWCM_F_CONNECT_WAIT, &cm_id_priv->flags);
		wake_up_all(&cm_id_priv->connect_wait);
		return -EINVAL;
	}
	cm_id_priv->state = IW_CM_STATE_IDLE;
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cm_id_priv->lock, flags);

	ret = cm_id->device->iwcm->reject(cm_id, private_data,
					  private_data_len);

	clear_bit(IWCM_F_CONNECT_WAIT, &cm_id_priv->flags);
	wake_up_all(&cm_id_priv->connect_wait);

	return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(iw_cm_reject);

/*
 * CM_ID <-- ESTABLISHED
 *
 * Accepts an inbound connection request and generates an ESTABLISHED
 * event. Callers of iw_cm_disconnect and iw_destroy_cm_id will block
 * until the ESTABLISHED event is received from the provider.
 */
int iw_cm_accept(struct iw_cm_id *cm_id,
		 struct iw_cm_conn_param *iw_param)
{
	struct iwcm_id_private *cm_id_priv;
	struct ib_qp *qp;
	unsigned long flags;
	int ret;

	cm_id_priv = container_of(cm_id, struct iwcm_id_private, id);
	set_bit(IWCM_F_CONNECT_WAIT, &cm_id_priv->flags);

	spin_lock_irqsave(&cm_id_priv->lock, flags);
	if (cm_id_priv->state != IW_CM_STATE_CONN_RECV) {
		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cm_id_priv->lock, flags);
		clear_bit(IWCM_F_CONNECT_WAIT, &cm_id_priv->flags);
		wake_up_all(&cm_id_priv->connect_wait);
		return -EINVAL;
	}
	/* Get the ib_qp given the QPN */
	qp = cm_id->device->iwcm->get_qp(cm_id->device, iw_param->qpn);
	if (!qp) {
		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cm_id_priv->lock, flags);
		clear_bit(IWCM_F_CONNECT_WAIT, &cm_id_priv->flags);
		wake_up_all(&cm_id_priv->connect_wait);
		return -EINVAL;
	}
	cm_id->device->iwcm->add_ref(qp);
	cm_id_priv->qp = qp;
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cm_id_priv->lock, flags);

	ret = cm_id->device->iwcm->accept(cm_id, iw_param);
	if (ret) {
		/* An error on accept precludes provider events */
		BUG_ON(cm_id_priv->state != IW_CM_STATE_CONN_RECV);
		cm_id_priv->state = IW_CM_STATE_IDLE;
		spin_lock_irqsave(&cm_id_priv->lock, flags);
		if (cm_id_priv->qp) {
			cm_id->device->iwcm->rem_ref(qp);
			cm_id_priv->qp = NULL;
		}
		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cm_id_priv->lock, flags);
		clear_bit(IWCM_F_CONNECT_WAIT, &cm_id_priv->flags);
		wake_up_all(&cm_id_priv->connect_wait);
	}

	return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(iw_cm_accept);

/*
 * Active Side: CM_ID <-- CONN_SENT
 *
 * If successful, results in the generation of a CONNECT_REPLY
 * event. iw_cm_disconnect and iw_cm_destroy will block until the
 * CONNECT_REPLY event is received from the provider.
 */
int iw_cm_connect(struct iw_cm_id *cm_id, struct iw_cm_conn_param *iw_param)
{
	struct iwcm_id_private *cm_id_priv;
	int ret;
	unsigned long flags;
	struct ib_qp *qp;

	cm_id_priv = container_of(cm_id, struct iwcm_id_private, id);

	ret = alloc_work_entries(cm_id_priv, 4);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	set_bit(IWCM_F_CONNECT_WAIT, &cm_id_priv->flags);
	spin_lock_irqsave(&cm_id_priv->lock, flags);

	if (cm_id_priv->state != IW_CM_STATE_IDLE) {
		ret = -EINVAL;
		goto err;
	}

	/* Get the ib_qp given the QPN */
	qp = cm_id->device->iwcm->get_qp(cm_id->device, iw_param->qpn);
	if (!qp) {
		ret = -EINVAL;
		goto err;
	}
	cm_id->device->iwcm->add_ref(qp);
	cm_id_priv->qp = qp;
	cm_id_priv->state = IW_CM_STATE_CONN_SENT;
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cm_id_priv->lock, flags);

	ret = iw_cm_map(cm_id, true);
	if (!ret)
		ret = cm_id->device->iwcm->connect(cm_id, iw_param);
	if (!ret)
		return 0;	/* success */

	spin_lock_irqsave(&cm_id_priv->lock, flags);
	if (cm_id_priv->qp) {
		cm_id->device->iwcm->rem_ref(qp);
		cm_id_priv->qp = NULL;
	}
	cm_id_priv->state = IW_CM_STATE_IDLE;
err:
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cm_id_priv->lock, flags);
	clear_bit(IWCM_F_CONNECT_WAIT, &cm_id_priv->flags);
	wake_up_all(&cm_id_priv->connect_wait);
	return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(iw_cm_connect);

/*
 * Passive Side: new CM_ID <-- CONN_RECV
 *
 * Handles an inbound connect request. The function creates a new
 * iw_cm_id to represent the new connection and inherits the client
 * callback function and other attributes from the listening parent.
 *
 * The work item contains a pointer to the listen_cm_id and the event. The
 * listen_cm_id contains the client cm_handler, context and
 * device. These are copied when the device is cloned. The event
 * contains the new four tuple.
 *
 * An error on the child should not affect the parent, so this
 * function does not return a value.
 */
static void cm_conn_req_handler(struct iwcm_id_private *listen_id_priv,
				struct iw_cm_event *iw_event)
{
	unsigned long flags;
	struct iw_cm_id *cm_id;
	struct iwcm_id_private *cm_id_priv;
	int ret;

	/*
	 * The provider should never generate a connection request
	 * event with a bad status.
	 */
	BUG_ON(iw_event->status);

	cm_id = iw_create_cm_id(listen_id_priv->id.device,
				listen_id_priv->id.cm_handler,
				listen_id_priv->id.context);
	/* If the cm_id could not be created, ignore the request */
	if (IS_ERR(cm_id))
		goto out;

	cm_id->provider_data = iw_event->provider_data;
	cm_id->m_local_addr = iw_event->local_addr;
	cm_id->m_remote_addr = iw_event->remote_addr;
	cm_id->local_addr = listen_id_priv->id.local_addr;

	ret = iwpm_get_remote_info(&listen_id_priv->id.m_local_addr,
				   &iw_event->remote_addr,
				   &cm_id->remote_addr,
				   RDMA_NL_IWCM);
	if (ret) {
		cm_id->remote_addr = iw_event->remote_addr;
	} else {
		iw_cm_check_wildcard(&listen_id_priv->id.m_local_addr,
				     &iw_event->local_addr,
				     &cm_id->local_addr);
		iw_event->local_addr = cm_id->local_addr;
		iw_event->remote_addr = cm_id->remote_addr;
	}

	cm_id_priv = container_of(cm_id, struct iwcm_id_private, id);
	cm_id_priv->state = IW_CM_STATE_CONN_RECV;

	/*
	 * We could be destroying the listening id. If so, ignore this
	 * upcall.
	 */
	spin_lock_irqsave(&listen_id_priv->lock, flags);
	if (listen_id_priv->state != IW_CM_STATE_LISTEN) {
		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&listen_id_priv->lock, flags);
		iw_cm_reject(cm_id, NULL, 0);
		iw_destroy_cm_id(cm_id);
		goto out;
	}
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&listen_id_priv->lock, flags);

	ret = alloc_work_entries(cm_id_priv, 3);
	if (ret) {
		iw_cm_reject(cm_id, NULL, 0);
		iw_destroy_cm_id(cm_id);
		goto out;
	}

	/* Call the client CM handler */
	ret = cm_id->cm_handler(cm_id, iw_event);
	if (ret) {
		iw_cm_reject(cm_id, NULL, 0);
		iw_destroy_cm_id(cm_id);
	}

out:
	if (iw_event->private_data_len)
		kfree(iw_event->private_data);
}

/*
 * Passive Side: CM_ID <-- ESTABLISHED
 *
 * The provider generated an ESTABLISHED event which means that
 * the MPA negotion has completed successfully and we are now in MPA
 * FPDU mode.
 *
 * This event can only be received in the CONN_RECV state. If the
 * remote peer closed, the ESTABLISHED event would be received followed
 * by the CLOSE event. If the app closes, it will block until we wake
 * it up after processing this event.
 */
static int cm_conn_est_handler(struct iwcm_id_private *cm_id_priv,
			       struct iw_cm_event *iw_event)
{
	unsigned long flags;
	int ret;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&cm_id_priv->lock, flags);

	/*
	 * We clear the CONNECT_WAIT bit here to allow the callback
	 * function to call iw_cm_disconnect. Calling iw_destroy_cm_id
	 * from a callback handler is not allowed.
	 */
	clear_bit(IWCM_F_CONNECT_WAIT, &cm_id_priv->flags);
	BUG_ON(cm_id_priv->state != IW_CM_STATE_CONN_RECV);
	cm_id_priv->state = IW_CM_STATE_ESTABLISHED;
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cm_id_priv->lock, flags);
	ret = cm_id_priv->id.cm_handler(&cm_id_priv->id, iw_event);
	wake_up_all(&cm_id_priv->connect_wait);

	return ret;
}

/*
 * Active Side: CM_ID <-- ESTABLISHED
 *
 * The app has called connect and is waiting for the established event to
 * post it's requests to the server. This event will wake up anyone
 * blocked in iw_cm_disconnect or iw_destroy_id.
 */
static int cm_conn_rep_handler(struct iwcm_id_private *cm_id_priv,
			       struct iw_cm_event *iw_event)
{
	unsigned long flags;
	int ret;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&cm_id_priv->lock, flags);
	/*
	 * Clear the connect wait bit so a callback function calling
	 * iw_cm_disconnect will not wait and deadlock this thread
	 */
	clear_bit(IWCM_F_CONNECT_WAIT, &cm_id_priv->flags);
	BUG_ON(cm_id_priv->state != IW_CM_STATE_CONN_SENT);
	if (iw_event->status == 0) {
		cm_id_priv->id.m_local_addr = iw_event->local_addr;
		cm_id_priv->id.m_remote_addr = iw_event->remote_addr;
		iw_event->local_addr = cm_id_priv->id.local_addr;
		iw_event->remote_addr = cm_id_priv->id.remote_addr;
		cm_id_priv->state = IW_CM_STATE_ESTABLISHED;
	} else {
		/* REJECTED or RESET */
		cm_id_priv->id.device->iwcm->rem_ref(cm_id_priv->qp);
		cm_id_priv->qp = NULL;
		cm_id_priv->state = IW_CM_STATE_IDLE;
	}
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cm_id_priv->lock, flags);
	ret = cm_id_priv->id.cm_handler(&cm_id_priv->id, iw_event);

	if (iw_event->private_data_len)
		kfree(iw_event->private_data);

	/* Wake up waiters on connect complete */
	wake_up_all(&cm_id_priv->connect_wait);

	return ret;
}

/*
 * CM_ID <-- CLOSING
 *
 * If in the ESTABLISHED state, move to CLOSING.
 */
static void cm_disconnect_handler(struct iwcm_id_private *cm_id_priv,
				  struct iw_cm_event *iw_event)
{
	unsigned long flags;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&cm_id_priv->lock, flags);
	if (cm_id_priv->state == IW_CM_STATE_ESTABLISHED)
		cm_id_priv->state = IW_CM_STATE_CLOSING;
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cm_id_priv->lock, flags);
}

/*
 * CM_ID <-- IDLE
 *
 * If in the ESTBLISHED or CLOSING states, the QP will have have been
 * moved by the provider to the ERR state. Disassociate the CM_ID from
 * the QP,  move to IDLE, and remove the 'connected' reference.
 *
 * If in some other state, the cm_id was destroyed asynchronously.
 * This is the last reference that will result in waking up
 * the app thread blocked in iw_destroy_cm_id.
 */
static int cm_close_handler(struct iwcm_id_private *cm_id_priv,
				  struct iw_cm_event *iw_event)
{
	unsigned long flags;
	int ret = 0;
	spin_lock_irqsave(&cm_id_priv->lock, flags);

	if (cm_id_priv->qp) {
		cm_id_priv->id.device->iwcm->rem_ref(cm_id_priv->qp);
		cm_id_priv->qp = NULL;
	}
	switch (cm_id_priv->state) {
	case IW_CM_STATE_ESTABLISHED:
	case IW_CM_STATE_CLOSING:
		cm_id_priv->state = IW_CM_STATE_IDLE;
		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cm_id_priv->lock, flags);
		ret = cm_id_priv->id.cm_handler(&cm_id_priv->id, iw_event);
		spin_lock_irqsave(&cm_id_priv->lock, flags);
		break;
	case IW_CM_STATE_DESTROYING:
		break;
	default:
		BUG();
	}
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cm_id_priv->lock, flags);

	return ret;
}

static int process_event(struct iwcm_id_private *cm_id_priv,
			 struct iw_cm_event *iw_event)
{
	int ret = 0;

	switch (iw_event->event) {
	case IW_CM_EVENT_CONNECT_REQUEST:
		cm_conn_req_handler(cm_id_priv, iw_event);
		break;
	case IW_CM_EVENT_CONNECT_REPLY:
		ret = cm_conn_rep_handler(cm_id_priv, iw_event);
		break;
	case IW_CM_EVENT_ESTABLISHED:
		ret = cm_conn_est_handler(cm_id_priv, iw_event);
		break;
	case IW_CM_EVENT_DISCONNECT:
		cm_disconnect_handler(cm_id_priv, iw_event);
		break;
	case IW_CM_EVENT_CLOSE:
		ret = cm_close_handler(cm_id_priv, iw_event);
		break;
	default:
		BUG();
	}

	return ret;
}

/*
 * Process events on the work_list for the cm_id. If the callback
 * function requests that the cm_id be deleted, a flag is set in the
 * cm_id flags to indicate that when the last reference is
 * removed, the cm_id is to be destroyed. This is necessary to
 * distinguish between an object that will be destroyed by the app
 * thread asleep on the destroy_comp list vs. an object destroyed
 * here synchronously when the last reference is removed.
 */
static void cm_work_handler(struct work_struct *_work)
{
	struct iwcm_work *work = container_of(_work, struct iwcm_work, work);
	struct iw_cm_event levent;
	struct iwcm_id_private *cm_id_priv = work->cm_id;
	unsigned long flags;
	int empty;
	int ret = 0;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&cm_id_priv->lock, flags);
	empty = list_empty(&cm_id_priv->work_list);
	while (!empty) {
		work = list_entry(cm_id_priv->work_list.next,
				  struct iwcm_work, list);
		list_del_init(&work->list);
		empty = list_empty(&cm_id_priv->work_list);
		levent = work->event;
		put_work(work);
		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cm_id_priv->lock, flags);

		if (!test_bit(IWCM_F_DROP_EVENTS, &cm_id_priv->flags)) {
			ret = process_event(cm_id_priv, &levent);
			if (ret)
				destroy_cm_id(&cm_id_priv->id);
		} else
			pr_debug("dropping event %d\n", levent.event);
		if (iwcm_deref_id(cm_id_priv))
			return;
		if (empty)
			return;
		spin_lock_irqsave(&cm_id_priv->lock, flags);
	}
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cm_id_priv->lock, flags);
}

/*
 * This function is called on interrupt context. Schedule events on
 * the iwcm_wq thread to allow callback functions to downcall into
 * the CM and/or block.  Events are queued to a per-CM_ID
 * work_list. If this is the first event on the work_list, the work
 * element is also queued on the iwcm_wq thread.
 *
 * Each event holds a reference on the cm_id. Until the last posted
 * event has been delivered and processed, the cm_id cannot be
 * deleted.
 *
 * Returns:
 * 	      0	- the event was handled.
 *	-ENOMEM	- the event was not handled due to lack of resources.
 */
static int cm_event_handler(struct iw_cm_id *cm_id,
			     struct iw_cm_event *iw_event)
{
	struct iwcm_work *work;
	struct iwcm_id_private *cm_id_priv;
	unsigned long flags;
	int ret = 0;

	cm_id_priv = container_of(cm_id, struct iwcm_id_private, id);

	spin_lock_irqsave(&cm_id_priv->lock, flags);
	work = get_work(cm_id_priv);
	if (!work) {
		ret = -ENOMEM;
		goto out;
	}

	INIT_WORK(&work->work, cm_work_handler);
	work->cm_id = cm_id_priv;
	work->event = *iw_event;

	if ((work->event.event == IW_CM_EVENT_CONNECT_REQUEST ||
	     work->event.event == IW_CM_EVENT_CONNECT_REPLY) &&
	    work->event.private_data_len) {
		ret = copy_private_data(&work->event);
		if (ret) {
			put_work(work);
			goto out;
		}
	}

	atomic_inc(&cm_id_priv->refcount);
	if (list_empty(&cm_id_priv->work_list)) {
		list_add_tail(&work->list, &cm_id_priv->work_list);
		queue_work(iwcm_wq, &work->work);
	} else
		list_add_tail(&work->list, &cm_id_priv->work_list);
out:
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cm_id_priv->lock, flags);
	return ret;
}

static int iwcm_init_qp_init_attr(struct iwcm_id_private *cm_id_priv,
				  struct ib_qp_attr *qp_attr,
				  int *qp_attr_mask)
{
	unsigned long flags;
	int ret;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&cm_id_priv->lock, flags);
	switch (cm_id_priv->state) {
	case IW_CM_STATE_IDLE:
	case IW_CM_STATE_CONN_SENT:
	case IW_CM_STATE_CONN_RECV:
	case IW_CM_STATE_ESTABLISHED:
		*qp_attr_mask = IB_QP_STATE | IB_QP_ACCESS_FLAGS;
		qp_attr->qp_access_flags = IB_ACCESS_REMOTE_WRITE|
					   IB_ACCESS_REMOTE_READ;
		ret = 0;
		break;
	default:
		ret = -EINVAL;
		break;
	}
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cm_id_priv->lock, flags);
	return ret;
}

static int iwcm_init_qp_rts_attr(struct iwcm_id_private *cm_id_priv,
				  struct ib_qp_attr *qp_attr,
				  int *qp_attr_mask)
{
	unsigned long flags;
	int ret;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&cm_id_priv->lock, flags);
	switch (cm_id_priv->state) {
	case IW_CM_STATE_IDLE:
	case IW_CM_STATE_CONN_SENT:
	case IW_CM_STATE_CONN_RECV:
	case IW_CM_STATE_ESTABLISHED:
		*qp_attr_mask = 0;
		ret = 0;
		break;
	default:
		ret = -EINVAL;
		break;
	}
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cm_id_priv->lock, flags);
	return ret;
}

int iw_cm_init_qp_attr(struct iw_cm_id *cm_id,
		       struct ib_qp_attr *qp_attr,
		       int *qp_attr_mask)
{
	struct iwcm_id_private *cm_id_priv;
	int ret;

	cm_id_priv = container_of(cm_id, struct iwcm_id_private, id);
	switch (qp_attr->qp_state) {
	case IB_QPS_INIT:
	case IB_QPS_RTR:
		ret = iwcm_init_qp_init_attr(cm_id_priv,
					     qp_attr, qp_attr_mask);
		break;
	case IB_QPS_RTS:
		ret = iwcm_init_qp_rts_attr(cm_id_priv,
					    qp_attr, qp_attr_mask);
		break;
	default:
		ret = -EINVAL;
		break;
	}
	return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(iw_cm_init_qp_attr);

static int __init iw_cm_init(void)
{
	int ret;

	ret = iwpm_init(RDMA_NL_IWCM);
	if (ret)
		pr_err("iw_cm: couldn't init iwpm\n");
	else
		rdma_nl_register(RDMA_NL_IWCM, iwcm_nl_cb_table);
	iwcm_wq = alloc_ordered_workqueue("iw_cm_wq", WQ_MEM_RECLAIM);
	if (!iwcm_wq)
		return -ENOMEM;

	iwcm_ctl_table_hdr = register_net_sysctl(&init_net, "net/iw_cm",
						 iwcm_ctl_table);
	if (!iwcm_ctl_table_hdr) {
		pr_err("iw_cm: couldn't register sysctl paths\n");
		destroy_workqueue(iwcm_wq);
		return -ENOMEM;
	}

	return 0;
}

static void __exit iw_cm_cleanup(void)
{
	unregister_net_sysctl_table(iwcm_ctl_table_hdr);
	destroy_workqueue(iwcm_wq);
	rdma_nl_unregister(RDMA_NL_IWCM);
	iwpm_exit(RDMA_NL_IWCM);
}

module_init(iw_cm_init);
module_exit(iw_cm_cleanup);

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