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path: root/fs/iomap/direct-io.c
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// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
 * Copyright (C) 2010 Red Hat, Inc.
 * Copyright (c) 2016-2018 Christoph Hellwig.
 */
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/compiler.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/iomap.h>
#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <linux/uio.h>
#include <linux/task_io_accounting_ops.h>

#include "../internal.h"

/*
 * Private flags for iomap_dio, must not overlap with the public ones in
 * iomap.h:
 */
#define IOMAP_DIO_WRITE_FUA	(1 << 28)
#define IOMAP_DIO_NEED_SYNC	(1 << 29)
#define IOMAP_DIO_WRITE		(1 << 30)
#define IOMAP_DIO_DIRTY		(1 << 31)

struct iomap_dio {
	struct kiocb		*iocb;
	iomap_dio_end_io_t	*end_io;
	loff_t			i_size;
	loff_t			size;
	atomic_t		ref;
	unsigned		flags;
	int			error;
	bool			wait_for_completion;

	union {
		/* used during submission and for synchronous completion: */
		struct {
			struct iov_iter		*iter;
			struct task_struct	*waiter;
			struct request_queue	*last_queue;
			blk_qc_t		cookie;
		} submit;

		/* used for aio completion: */
		struct {
			struct work_struct	work;
		} aio;
	};
};

int iomap_dio_iopoll(struct kiocb *kiocb, bool spin)
{
	struct request_queue *q = READ_ONCE(kiocb->private);

	if (!q)
		return 0;
	return blk_poll(q, READ_ONCE(kiocb->ki_cookie), spin);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(iomap_dio_iopoll);

static void iomap_dio_submit_bio(struct iomap_dio *dio, struct iomap *iomap,
		struct bio *bio)
{
	atomic_inc(&dio->ref);

	if (dio->iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_HIPRI)
		bio_set_polled(bio, dio->iocb);

	dio->submit.last_queue = bdev_get_queue(iomap->bdev);
	dio->submit.cookie = submit_bio(bio);
}

static ssize_t iomap_dio_complete(struct iomap_dio *dio)
{
	struct kiocb *iocb = dio->iocb;
	struct inode *inode = file_inode(iocb->ki_filp);
	loff_t offset = iocb->ki_pos;
	ssize_t ret;

	if (dio->end_io) {
		ret = dio->end_io(iocb,
				dio->error ? dio->error : dio->size,
				dio->flags);
	} else {
		ret = dio->error;
	}

	if (likely(!ret)) {
		ret = dio->size;
		/* check for short read */
		if (offset + ret > dio->i_size &&
		    !(dio->flags & IOMAP_DIO_WRITE))
			ret = dio->i_size - offset;
		iocb->ki_pos += ret;
	}

	/*
	 * Try again to invalidate clean pages which might have been cached by
	 * non-direct readahead, or faulted in by get_user_pages() if the source
	 * of the write was an mmap'ed region of the file we're writing.  Either
	 * one is a pretty crazy thing to do, so we don't support it 100%.  If
	 * this invalidation fails, tough, the write still worked...
	 *
	 * And this page cache invalidation has to be after dio->end_io(), as
	 * some filesystems convert unwritten extents to real allocations in
	 * end_io() when necessary, otherwise a racing buffer read would cache
	 * zeros from unwritten extents.
	 */
	if (!dio->error &&
	    (dio->flags & IOMAP_DIO_WRITE) && inode->i_mapping->nrpages) {
		int err;
		err = invalidate_inode_pages2_range(inode->i_mapping,
				offset >> PAGE_SHIFT,
				(offset + dio->size - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
		if (err)
			dio_warn_stale_pagecache(iocb->ki_filp);
	}

	/*
	 * If this is a DSYNC write, make sure we push it to stable storage now
	 * that we've written data.
	 */
	if (ret > 0 && (dio->flags & IOMAP_DIO_NEED_SYNC))
		ret = generic_write_sync(iocb, ret);

	inode_dio_end(file_inode(iocb->ki_filp));
	kfree(dio);

	return ret;
}

static void iomap_dio_complete_work(struct work_struct *work)
{
	struct iomap_dio *dio = container_of(work, struct iomap_dio, aio.work);
	struct kiocb *iocb = dio->iocb;

	iocb->ki_complete(iocb, iomap_dio_complete(dio), 0);
}

/*
 * Set an error in the dio if none is set yet.  We have to use cmpxchg
 * as the submission context and the completion context(s) can race to
 * update the error.
 */
static inline void iomap_dio_set_error(struct iomap_dio *dio, int ret)
{
	cmpxchg(&dio->error, 0, ret);
}

static void iomap_dio_bio_end_io(struct bio *bio)
{
	struct iomap_dio *dio = bio->bi_private;
	bool should_dirty = (dio->flags & IOMAP_DIO_DIRTY);

	if (bio->bi_status)
		iomap_dio_set_error(dio, blk_status_to_errno(bio->bi_status));

	if (atomic_dec_and_test(&dio->ref)) {
		if (dio->wait_for_completion) {
			struct task_struct *waiter = dio->submit.waiter;
			WRITE_ONCE(dio->submit.waiter, NULL);
			blk_wake_io_task(waiter);
		} else if (dio->flags & IOMAP_DIO_WRITE) {
			struct inode *inode = file_inode(dio->iocb->ki_filp);

			INIT_WORK(&dio->aio.work, iomap_dio_complete_work);
			queue_work(inode->i_sb->s_dio_done_wq, &dio->aio.work);
		} else {
			iomap_dio_complete_work(&dio->aio.work);
		}
	}

	if (should_dirty) {
		bio_check_pages_dirty(bio);
	} else {
		bio_release_pages(bio, false);
		bio_put(bio);
	}
}

static void
iomap_dio_zero(struct iomap_dio *dio, struct iomap *iomap, loff_t pos,
		unsigned len)
{
	struct page *page = ZERO_PAGE(0);
	int flags = REQ_SYNC | REQ_IDLE;
	struct bio *bio;

	bio = bio_alloc(GFP_KERNEL, 1);
	bio_set_dev(bio, iomap->bdev);
	bio->bi_iter.bi_sector = iomap_sector(iomap, pos);
	bio->bi_private = dio;
	bio->bi_end_io = iomap_dio_bio_end_io;

	get_page(page);
	__bio_add_page(bio, page, len, 0);
	bio_set_op_attrs(bio, REQ_OP_WRITE, flags);
	iomap_dio_submit_bio(dio, iomap, bio);
}

static loff_t
iomap_dio_bio_actor(struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, loff_t length,
		struct iomap_dio *dio, struct iomap *iomap)
{
	unsigned int blkbits = blksize_bits(bdev_logical_block_size(iomap->bdev));
	unsigned int fs_block_size = i_blocksize(inode), pad;
	unsigned int align = iov_iter_alignment(dio->submit.iter);
	struct iov_iter iter;
	struct bio *bio;
	bool need_zeroout = false;
	bool use_fua = false;
	int nr_pages, ret = 0;
	size_t copied = 0;

	if ((pos | length | align) & ((1 << blkbits) - 1))
		return -EINVAL;

	if (iomap->type == IOMAP_UNWRITTEN) {
		dio->flags |= IOMAP_DIO_UNWRITTEN;
		need_zeroout = true;
	}

	if (iomap->flags & IOMAP_F_SHARED)
		dio->flags |= IOMAP_DIO_COW;

	if (iomap->flags & IOMAP_F_NEW) {
		need_zeroout = true;
	} else if (iomap->type == IOMAP_MAPPED) {
		/*
		 * Use a FUA write if we need datasync semantics, this is a pure
		 * data IO that doesn't require any metadata updates (including
		 * after IO completion such as unwritten extent conversion) and
		 * the underlying device supports FUA. This allows us to avoid
		 * cache flushes on IO completion.
		 */
		if (!(iomap->flags & (IOMAP_F_SHARED|IOMAP_F_DIRTY)) &&
		    (dio->flags & IOMAP_DIO_WRITE_FUA) &&
		    blk_queue_fua(bdev_get_queue(iomap->bdev)))
			use_fua = true;
	}

	/*
	 * Operate on a partial iter trimmed to the extent we were called for.
	 * We'll update the iter in the dio once we're done with this extent.
	 */
	iter = *dio->submit.iter;
	iov_iter_truncate(&iter, length);

	nr_pages = iov_iter_npages(&iter, BIO_MAX_PAGES);
	if (nr_pages <= 0)
		return nr_pages;

	if (need_zeroout) {
		/* zero out from the start of the block to the write offset */
		pad = pos & (fs_block_size - 1);
		if (pad)
			iomap_dio_zero(dio, iomap, pos - pad, pad);
	}

	do {
		size_t n;
		if (dio->error) {
			iov_iter_revert(dio->submit.iter, copied);
			return 0;
		}

		bio = bio_alloc(GFP_KERNEL, nr_pages);
		bio_set_dev(bio, iomap->bdev);
		bio->bi_iter.bi_sector = iomap_sector(iomap, pos);
		bio->bi_write_hint = dio->iocb->ki_hint;
		bio->bi_ioprio = dio->iocb->ki_ioprio;
		bio->bi_private = dio;
		bio->bi_end_io = iomap_dio_bio_end_io;

		ret = bio_iov_iter_get_pages(bio, &iter);
		if (unlikely(ret)) {
			/*
			 * We have to stop part way through an IO. We must fall
			 * through to the sub-block tail zeroing here, otherwise
			 * this short IO may expose stale data in the tail of
			 * the block we haven't written data to.
			 */
			bio_put(bio);
			goto zero_tail;
		}

		n = bio->bi_iter.bi_size;
		if (dio->flags & IOMAP_DIO_WRITE) {
			bio->bi_opf = REQ_OP_WRITE | REQ_SYNC | REQ_IDLE;
			if (use_fua)
				bio->bi_opf |= REQ_FUA;
			else
				dio->flags &= ~IOMAP_DIO_WRITE_FUA;
			task_io_account_write(n);
		} else {
			bio->bi_opf = REQ_OP_READ;
			if (dio->flags & IOMAP_DIO_DIRTY)
				bio_set_pages_dirty(bio);
		}

		iov_iter_advance(dio->submit.iter, n);

		dio->size += n;
		pos += n;
		copied += n;

		nr_pages = iov_iter_npages(&iter, BIO_MAX_PAGES);
		iomap_dio_submit_bio(dio, iomap, bio);
	} while (nr_pages);

	/*
	 * We need to zeroout the tail of a sub-block write if the extent type
	 * requires zeroing or the write extends beyond EOF. If we don't zero
	 * the block tail in the latter case, we can expose stale data via mmap
	 * reads of the EOF block.
	 */
zero_tail:
	if (need_zeroout ||
	    ((dio->flags & IOMAP_DIO_WRITE) && pos >= i_size_read(inode))) {
		/* zero out from the end of the write to the end of the block */
		pad = pos & (fs_block_size - 1);
		if (pad)
			iomap_dio_zero(dio, iomap, pos, fs_block_size - pad);
	}
	return copied ? copied : ret;
}

static loff_t
iomap_dio_hole_actor(loff_t length, struct iomap_dio *dio)
{
	length = iov_iter_zero(length, dio->submit.iter);
	dio->size += length;
	return length;
}

static loff_t
iomap_dio_inline_actor(struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, loff_t length,
		struct iomap_dio *dio, struct iomap *iomap)
{
	struct iov_iter *iter = dio->submit.iter;
	size_t copied;

	BUG_ON(pos + length > PAGE_SIZE - offset_in_page(iomap->inline_data));

	if (dio->flags & IOMAP_DIO_WRITE) {
		loff_t size = inode->i_size;

		if (pos > size)
			memset(iomap->inline_data + size, 0, pos - size);
		copied = copy_from_iter(iomap->inline_data + pos, length, iter);
		if (copied) {
			if (pos + copied > size)
				i_size_write(inode, pos + copied);
			mark_inode_dirty(inode);
		}
	} else {
		copied = copy_to_iter(iomap->inline_data + pos, length, iter);
	}
	dio->size += copied;
	return copied;
}

static loff_t
iomap_dio_actor(struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, loff_t length,
		void *data, struct iomap *iomap)
{
	struct iomap_dio *dio = data;

	switch (iomap->type) {
	case IOMAP_HOLE:
		if (WARN_ON_ONCE(dio->flags & IOMAP_DIO_WRITE))
			return -EIO;
		return iomap_dio_hole_actor(length, dio);
	case IOMAP_UNWRITTEN:
		if (!(dio->flags & IOMAP_DIO_WRITE))
			return iomap_dio_hole_actor(length, dio);
		return iomap_dio_bio_actor(inode, pos, length, dio, iomap);
	case IOMAP_MAPPED:
		return iomap_dio_bio_actor(inode, pos, length, dio, iomap);
	case IOMAP_INLINE:
		return iomap_dio_inline_actor(inode, pos, length, dio, iomap);
	default:
		WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
		return -EIO;
	}
}

/*
 * iomap_dio_rw() always completes O_[D]SYNC writes regardless of whether the IO
 * is being issued as AIO or not.  This allows us to optimise pure data writes
 * to use REQ_FUA rather than requiring generic_write_sync() to issue a
 * REQ_FLUSH post write. This is slightly tricky because a single request here
 * can be mapped into multiple disjoint IOs and only a subset of the IOs issued
 * may be pure data writes. In that case, we still need to do a full data sync
 * completion.
 */
ssize_t
iomap_dio_rw(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter,
		const struct iomap_ops *ops, iomap_dio_end_io_t end_io)
{
	struct address_space *mapping = iocb->ki_filp->f_mapping;
	struct inode *inode = file_inode(iocb->ki_filp);
	size_t count = iov_iter_count(iter);
	loff_t pos = iocb->ki_pos, start = pos;
	loff_t end = iocb->ki_pos + count - 1, ret = 0;
	unsigned int flags = IOMAP_DIRECT;
	bool wait_for_completion = is_sync_kiocb(iocb);
	struct blk_plug plug;
	struct iomap_dio *dio;

	lockdep_assert_held(&inode->i_rwsem);

	if (!count)
		return 0;

	dio = kmalloc(sizeof(*dio), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!dio)
		return -ENOMEM;

	dio->iocb = iocb;
	atomic_set(&dio->ref, 1);
	dio->size = 0;
	dio->i_size = i_size_read(inode);
	dio->end_io = end_io;
	dio->error = 0;
	dio->flags = 0;

	dio->submit.iter = iter;
	dio->submit.waiter = current;
	dio->submit.cookie = BLK_QC_T_NONE;
	dio->submit.last_queue = NULL;

	if (iov_iter_rw(iter) == READ) {
		if (pos >= dio->i_size)
			goto out_free_dio;

		if (iter_is_iovec(iter) && iov_iter_rw(iter) == READ)
			dio->flags |= IOMAP_DIO_DIRTY;
	} else {
		flags |= IOMAP_WRITE;
		dio->flags |= IOMAP_DIO_WRITE;

		/* for data sync or sync, we need sync completion processing */
		if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_DSYNC)
			dio->flags |= IOMAP_DIO_NEED_SYNC;

		/*
		 * For datasync only writes, we optimistically try using FUA for
		 * this IO.  Any non-FUA write that occurs will clear this flag,
		 * hence we know before completion whether a cache flush is
		 * necessary.
		 */
		if ((iocb->ki_flags & (IOCB_DSYNC | IOCB_SYNC)) == IOCB_DSYNC)
			dio->flags |= IOMAP_DIO_WRITE_FUA;
	}

	if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_NOWAIT) {
		if (filemap_range_has_page(mapping, start, end)) {
			ret = -EAGAIN;
			goto out_free_dio;
		}
		flags |= IOMAP_NOWAIT;
	}

	ret = filemap_write_and_wait_range(mapping, start, end);
	if (ret)
		goto out_free_dio;

	/*
	 * Try to invalidate cache pages for the range we're direct
	 * writing.  If this invalidation fails, tough, the write will
	 * still work, but racing two incompatible write paths is a
	 * pretty crazy thing to do, so we don't support it 100%.
	 */
	ret = invalidate_inode_pages2_range(mapping,
			start >> PAGE_SHIFT, end >> PAGE_SHIFT);
	if (ret)
		dio_warn_stale_pagecache(iocb->ki_filp);
	ret = 0;

	if (iov_iter_rw(iter) == WRITE && !wait_for_completion &&
	    !inode->i_sb->s_dio_done_wq) {
		ret = sb_init_dio_done_wq(inode->i_sb);
		if (ret < 0)
			goto out_free_dio;
	}

	inode_dio_begin(inode);

	blk_start_plug(&plug);
	do {
		ret = iomap_apply(inode, pos, count, flags, ops, dio,
				iomap_dio_actor);
		if (ret <= 0) {
			/* magic error code to fall back to buffered I/O */
			if (ret == -ENOTBLK) {
				wait_for_completion = true;
				ret = 0;
			}
			break;
		}
		pos += ret;

		if (iov_iter_rw(iter) == READ && pos >= dio->i_size)
			break;
	} while ((count = iov_iter_count(iter)) > 0);
	blk_finish_plug(&plug);

	if (ret < 0)
		iomap_dio_set_error(dio, ret);

	/*
	 * If all the writes we issued were FUA, we don't need to flush the
	 * cache on IO completion. Clear the sync flag for this case.
	 */
	if (dio->flags & IOMAP_DIO_WRITE_FUA)
		dio->flags &= ~IOMAP_DIO_NEED_SYNC;

	WRITE_ONCE(iocb->ki_cookie, dio->submit.cookie);
	WRITE_ONCE(iocb->private, dio->submit.last_queue);

	/*
	 * We are about to drop our additional submission reference, which
	 * might be the last reference to the dio.  There are three three
	 * different ways we can progress here:
	 *
	 *  (a) If this is the last reference we will always complete and free
	 *	the dio ourselves.
	 *  (b) If this is not the last reference, and we serve an asynchronous
	 *	iocb, we must never touch the dio after the decrement, the
	 *	I/O completion handler will complete and free it.
	 *  (c) If this is not the last reference, but we serve a synchronous
	 *	iocb, the I/O completion handler will wake us up on the drop
	 *	of the final reference, and we will complete and free it here
	 *	after we got woken by the I/O completion handler.
	 */
	dio->wait_for_completion = wait_for_completion;
	if (!atomic_dec_and_test(&dio->ref)) {
		if (!wait_for_completion)
			return -EIOCBQUEUED;

		for (;;) {
			set_current_state(TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
			if (!READ_ONCE(dio->submit.waiter))
				break;

			if (!(iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_HIPRI) ||
			    !dio->submit.last_queue ||
			    !blk_poll(dio->submit.last_queue,
					 dio->submit.cookie, true))
				io_schedule();
		}
		__set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING);
	}

	return iomap_dio_complete(dio);

out_free_dio:
	kfree(dio);
	return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(iomap_dio_rw);

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