aboutsummaryrefslogtreecommitdiffstats
path: root/include/linux/lightnvm.h
blob: 8e43bfebd38d1fbf50776fd734b5ef6f987bb55a (plain)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef NVM_H
#define NVM_H

#include <linux/blkdev.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <uapi/linux/lightnvm.h>

enum {
	NVM_IO_OK = 0,
	NVM_IO_REQUEUE = 1,
	NVM_IO_DONE = 2,
	NVM_IO_ERR = 3,

	NVM_IOTYPE_NONE = 0,
	NVM_IOTYPE_GC = 1,
};

#define NVM_BLK_BITS (16)
#define NVM_PG_BITS  (16)
#define NVM_SEC_BITS (8)
#define NVM_PL_BITS  (8)
#define NVM_LUN_BITS (8)
#define NVM_CH_BITS  (7)

struct ppa_addr {
	/* Generic structure for all addresses */
	union {
		struct {
			u64 blk		: NVM_BLK_BITS;
			u64 pg		: NVM_PG_BITS;
			u64 sec		: NVM_SEC_BITS;
			u64 pl		: NVM_PL_BITS;
			u64 lun		: NVM_LUN_BITS;
			u64 ch		: NVM_CH_BITS;
			u64 reserved	: 1;
		} g;

		struct {
			u64 line	: 63;
			u64 is_cached	: 1;
		} c;

		u64 ppa;
	};
};

struct nvm_rq;
struct nvm_id;
struct nvm_dev;
struct nvm_tgt_dev;

typedef int (nvm_id_fn)(struct nvm_dev *, struct nvm_id *);
typedef int (nvm_op_bb_tbl_fn)(struct nvm_dev *, struct ppa_addr, u8 *);
typedef int (nvm_op_set_bb_fn)(struct nvm_dev *, struct ppa_addr *, int, int);
typedef int (nvm_submit_io_fn)(struct nvm_dev *, struct nvm_rq *);
typedef int (nvm_submit_io_sync_fn)(struct nvm_dev *, struct nvm_rq *);
typedef void *(nvm_create_dma_pool_fn)(struct nvm_dev *, char *);
typedef void (nvm_destroy_dma_pool_fn)(void *);
typedef void *(nvm_dev_dma_alloc_fn)(struct nvm_dev *, void *, gfp_t,
								dma_addr_t *);
typedef void (nvm_dev_dma_free_fn)(void *, void*, dma_addr_t);

struct nvm_dev_ops {
	nvm_id_fn		*identity;
	nvm_op_bb_tbl_fn	*get_bb_tbl;
	nvm_op_set_bb_fn	*set_bb_tbl;

	nvm_submit_io_fn	*submit_io;
	nvm_submit_io_sync_fn	*submit_io_sync;

	nvm_create_dma_pool_fn	*create_dma_pool;
	nvm_destroy_dma_pool_fn	*destroy_dma_pool;
	nvm_dev_dma_alloc_fn	*dev_dma_alloc;
	nvm_dev_dma_free_fn	*dev_dma_free;

	unsigned int		max_phys_sect;
};

#ifdef CONFIG_NVM

#include <linux/blkdev.h>
#include <linux/file.h>
#include <linux/dmapool.h>
#include <uapi/linux/lightnvm.h>

enum {
	/* HW Responsibilities */
	NVM_RSP_L2P	= 1 << 0,
	NVM_RSP_ECC	= 1 << 1,

	/* Physical Adressing Mode */
	NVM_ADDRMODE_LINEAR	= 0,
	NVM_ADDRMODE_CHANNEL	= 1,

	/* Plane programming mode for LUN */
	NVM_PLANE_SINGLE	= 1,
	NVM_PLANE_DOUBLE	= 2,
	NVM_PLANE_QUAD		= 4,

	/* Status codes */
	NVM_RSP_SUCCESS		= 0x0,
	NVM_RSP_NOT_CHANGEABLE	= 0x1,
	NVM_RSP_ERR_FAILWRITE	= 0x40ff,
	NVM_RSP_ERR_EMPTYPAGE	= 0x42ff,
	NVM_RSP_ERR_FAILECC	= 0x4281,
	NVM_RSP_ERR_FAILCRC	= 0x4004,
	NVM_RSP_WARN_HIGHECC	= 0x4700,

	/* Device opcodes */
	NVM_OP_PWRITE		= 0x91,
	NVM_OP_PREAD		= 0x92,
	NVM_OP_ERASE		= 0x90,

	/* PPA Command Flags */
	NVM_IO_SNGL_ACCESS	= 0x0,
	NVM_IO_DUAL_ACCESS	= 0x1,
	NVM_IO_QUAD_ACCESS	= 0x2,

	/* NAND Access Modes */
	NVM_IO_SUSPEND		= 0x80,
	NVM_IO_SLC_MODE		= 0x100,
	NVM_IO_SCRAMBLE_ENABLE	= 0x200,

	/* Block Types */
	NVM_BLK_T_FREE		= 0x0,
	NVM_BLK_T_BAD		= 0x1,
	NVM_BLK_T_GRWN_BAD	= 0x2,
	NVM_BLK_T_DEV		= 0x4,
	NVM_BLK_T_HOST		= 0x8,

	/* Memory capabilities */
	NVM_ID_CAP_SLC		= 0x1,
	NVM_ID_CAP_CMD_SUSPEND	= 0x2,
	NVM_ID_CAP_SCRAMBLE	= 0x4,
	NVM_ID_CAP_ENCRYPT	= 0x8,

	/* Memory types */
	NVM_ID_FMTYPE_SLC	= 0,
	NVM_ID_FMTYPE_MLC	= 1,

	/* Device capabilities */
	NVM_ID_DCAP_BBLKMGMT	= 0x1,
	NVM_UD_DCAP_ECC		= 0x2,
};

struct nvm_id_lp_mlc {
	u16	num_pairs;
	u8	pairs[886];
};

struct nvm_id_lp_tbl {
	__u8	id[8];
	struct nvm_id_lp_mlc mlc;
};

struct nvm_id_group {
	u8	mtype;
	u8	fmtype;
	u8	num_ch;
	u8	num_lun;
	u16	num_chk;
	u16	clba;
	u16	csecs;
	u16	sos;

	u16	ws_min;
	u16	ws_opt;
	u16	ws_seq;
	u16	ws_per_chk;

	u32	trdt;
	u32	trdm;
	u32	tprt;
	u32	tprm;
	u32	tbet;
	u32	tbem;
	u32	mpos;
	u32	mccap;
	u16	cpar;

	/* 1.2 compatibility */
	u8	num_pln;
	u16	num_pg;
	u16	fpg_sz;
};

struct nvm_addr_format {
	u8	ch_offset;
	u8	ch_len;
	u8	lun_offset;
	u8	lun_len;
	u8	pln_offset;
	u8	pln_len;
	u8	blk_offset;
	u8	blk_len;
	u8	pg_offset;
	u8	pg_len;
	u8	sect_offset;
	u8	sect_len;
};

struct nvm_id {
	u8	ver_id;
	u8	vmnt;
	u32	cap;
	u32	dom;
	struct nvm_addr_format ppaf;
	struct nvm_id_group grp;
} __packed;

struct nvm_target {
	struct list_head list;
	struct nvm_tgt_dev *dev;
	struct nvm_tgt_type *type;
	struct gendisk *disk;
};

#define ADDR_EMPTY (~0ULL)

#define NVM_VERSION_MAJOR 1
#define NVM_VERSION_MINOR 0
#define NVM_VERSION_PATCH 0

struct nvm_rq;
typedef void (nvm_end_io_fn)(struct nvm_rq *);

struct nvm_rq {
	struct nvm_tgt_dev *dev;

	struct bio *bio;

	union {
		struct ppa_addr ppa_addr;
		dma_addr_t dma_ppa_list;
	};

	struct ppa_addr *ppa_list;

	void *meta_list;
	dma_addr_t dma_meta_list;

	nvm_end_io_fn *end_io;

	uint8_t opcode;
	uint16_t nr_ppas;
	uint16_t flags;

	u64 ppa_status; /* ppa media status */
	int error;

	void *private;
};

static inline struct nvm_rq *nvm_rq_from_pdu(void *pdu)
{
	return pdu - sizeof(struct nvm_rq);
}

static inline void *nvm_rq_to_pdu(struct nvm_rq *rqdata)
{
	return rqdata + 1;
}

enum {
	NVM_BLK_ST_FREE =	0x1,	/* Free block */
	NVM_BLK_ST_TGT =	0x2,	/* Block in use by target */
	NVM_BLK_ST_BAD =	0x8,	/* Bad block */
};


/* Device generic information */
struct nvm_geo {
	/* generic geometry */
	int nr_chnls;
	int all_luns; /* across channels */
	int nr_luns; /* per channel */
	int nr_chks; /* per lun */

	int sec_size;
	int oob_size;
	int mccap;

	int sec_per_chk;
	int sec_per_lun;

	int ws_min;
	int ws_opt;
	int ws_seq;
	int ws_per_chk;

	int max_rq_size;

	struct nvm_addr_format ppaf;

	/* Legacy 1.2 specific geometry */
	int plane_mode; /* drive device in single, double or quad mode */
	int nr_planes;
	int sec_per_pg; /* only sectors for a single page */
	int sec_per_pl; /* all sectors across planes */
};

/* sub-device structure */
struct nvm_tgt_dev {
	/* Device information */
	struct nvm_geo geo;

	/* Base ppas for target LUNs */
	struct ppa_addr *luns;

	sector_t total_secs;

	struct nvm_id identity;
	struct request_queue *q;

	struct nvm_dev *parent;
	void *map;
};

struct nvm_dev {
	struct nvm_dev_ops *ops;

	struct list_head devices;

	/* Device information */
	struct nvm_geo geo;

	unsigned long total_secs;

	unsigned long *lun_map;
	void *dma_pool;

	struct nvm_id identity;

	/* Backend device */
	struct request_queue *q;
	char name[DISK_NAME_LEN];
	void *private_data;

	void *rmap;

	struct mutex mlock;
	spinlock_t lock;

	/* target management */
	struct list_head area_list;
	struct list_head targets;
};

static inline struct ppa_addr generic_to_dev_addr(struct nvm_tgt_dev *tgt_dev,
						  struct ppa_addr r)
{
	struct nvm_geo *geo = &tgt_dev->geo;
	struct ppa_addr l;

	l.ppa = ((u64)r.g.blk) << geo->ppaf.blk_offset;
	l.ppa |= ((u64)r.g.pg) << geo->ppaf.pg_offset;
	l.ppa |= ((u64)r.g.sec) << geo->ppaf.sect_offset;
	l.ppa |= ((u64)r.g.pl) << geo->ppaf.pln_offset;
	l.ppa |= ((u64)r.g.lun) << geo->ppaf.lun_offset;
	l.ppa |= ((u64)r.g.ch) << geo->ppaf.ch_offset;

	return l;
}

static inline struct ppa_addr dev_to_generic_addr(struct nvm_tgt_dev *tgt_dev,
						  struct ppa_addr r)
{
	struct nvm_geo *geo = &tgt_dev->geo;
	struct ppa_addr l;

	l.ppa = 0;
	/*
	 * (r.ppa << X offset) & X len bitmask. X eq. blk, pg, etc.
	 */
	l.g.blk = (r.ppa >> geo->ppaf.blk_offset) &
					(((1 << geo->ppaf.blk_len) - 1));
	l.g.pg |= (r.ppa >> geo->ppaf.pg_offset) &
					(((1 << geo->ppaf.pg_len) - 1));
	l.g.sec |= (r.ppa >> geo->ppaf.sect_offset) &
					(((1 << geo->ppaf.sect_len) - 1));
	l.g.pl |= (r.ppa >> geo->ppaf.pln_offset) &
					(((1 << geo->ppaf.pln_len) - 1));
	l.g.lun |= (r.ppa >> geo->ppaf.lun_offset) &
					(((1 << geo->ppaf.lun_len) - 1));
	l.g.ch |= (r.ppa >> geo->ppaf.ch_offset) &
					(((1 << geo->ppaf.ch_len) - 1));

	return l;
}

typedef blk_qc_t (nvm_tgt_make_rq_fn)(struct request_queue *, struct bio *);
typedef sector_t (nvm_tgt_capacity_fn)(void *);
typedef void *(nvm_tgt_init_fn)(struct nvm_tgt_dev *, struct gendisk *,
				int flags);
typedef void (nvm_tgt_exit_fn)(void *);
typedef int (nvm_tgt_sysfs_init_fn)(struct gendisk *);
typedef void (nvm_tgt_sysfs_exit_fn)(struct gendisk *);

struct nvm_tgt_type {
	const char *name;
	unsigned int version[3];

	/* target entry points */
	nvm_tgt_make_rq_fn *make_rq;
	nvm_tgt_capacity_fn *capacity;

	/* module-specific init/teardown */
	nvm_tgt_init_fn *init;
	nvm_tgt_exit_fn *exit;

	/* sysfs */
	nvm_tgt_sysfs_init_fn *sysfs_init;
	nvm_tgt_sysfs_exit_fn *sysfs_exit;

	/* For internal use */
	struct list_head list;
	struct module *owner;
};

extern int nvm_register_tgt_type(struct nvm_tgt_type *);
extern void nvm_unregister_tgt_type(struct nvm_tgt_type *);

extern void *nvm_dev_dma_alloc(struct nvm_dev *, gfp_t, dma_addr_t *);
extern void nvm_dev_dma_free(struct nvm_dev *, void *, dma_addr_t);

extern struct nvm_dev *nvm_alloc_dev(int);
extern int nvm_register(struct nvm_dev *);
extern void nvm_unregister(struct nvm_dev *);

extern int nvm_set_tgt_bb_tbl(struct nvm_tgt_dev *, struct ppa_addr *,
			      int, int);
extern int nvm_max_phys_sects(struct nvm_tgt_dev *);
extern int nvm_submit_io(struct nvm_tgt_dev *, struct nvm_rq *);
extern int nvm_submit_io_sync(struct nvm_tgt_dev *, struct nvm_rq *);
extern void nvm_end_io(struct nvm_rq *);
extern int nvm_bb_tbl_fold(struct nvm_dev *, u8 *, int);
extern int nvm_get_tgt_bb_tbl(struct nvm_tgt_dev *, struct ppa_addr, u8 *);

#else /* CONFIG_NVM */
struct nvm_dev_ops;

static inline struct nvm_dev *nvm_alloc_dev(int node)
{
	return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
}
static inline int nvm_register(struct nvm_dev *dev)
{
	return -EINVAL;
}
static inline void nvm_unregister(struct nvm_dev *dev) {}
#endif /* CONFIG_NVM */
#endif /* LIGHTNVM.H */

Privacy Policy