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authorRob Herring <robh@kernel.org>2020-10-28 13:28:39 -0500
committerWill Deacon <will@kernel.org>2020-10-29 12:56:01 +0000
commit96d389ca10110d7eefb46feb6af9a0c6832f78f5 (patch)
tree100d4c5967acc6b8eab520466073417b4e3b52fa /arch
parent8a6b88e66233f5f1779b0a1342aa9dc030dddcd5 (diff)
arm64: Add workaround for Arm Cortex-A77 erratum 1508412
On Cortex-A77 r0p0 and r1p0, a sequence of a non-cacheable or device load and a store exclusive or PAR_EL1 read can cause a deadlock. The workaround requires a DMB SY before and after a PAR_EL1 register read. In addition, it's possible an interrupt (doing a device read) or KVM guest exit could be taken between the DMB and PAR read, so we also need a DMB before returning from interrupt and before returning to a guest. A deadlock is still possible with the workaround as KVM guests must also have the workaround. IOW, a malicious guest can deadlock an affected systems. This workaround also depends on a firmware counterpart to enable the h/w to insert DMB SY after load and store exclusive instructions. See the errata document SDEN-1152370 v10 [1] for more information. [1] https://static.docs.arm.com/101992/0010/Arm_Cortex_A77_MP074_Software_Developer_Errata_Notice_v10.pdf Signed-off-by: Rob Herring <robh@kernel.org> Reviewed-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Acked-by: Marc Zyngier <maz@kernel.org> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: James Morse <james.morse@arm.com> Cc: Suzuki K Poulose <suzuki.poulose@arm.com> Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org> Cc: Julien Thierry <julien.thierry.kdev@gmail.com> Cc: kvmarm@lists.cs.columbia.edu Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20201028182839.166037-2-robh@kernel.org Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'arch')
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/Kconfig20
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/include/asm/cpucaps.h3
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/include/asm/sysreg.h9
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/kernel/cpu_errata.c10
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/kernel/entry.S3
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/kvm/arm.c3
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/include/hyp/switch.h21
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/include/hyp/sysreg-sr.h2
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/nvhe/switch.c2
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/vhe/switch.c2
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.c2
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/mm/fault.c2
12 files changed, 64 insertions, 15 deletions
diff --git a/arch/arm64/Kconfig b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
index f858c352f72a..1d466addb078 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
@@ -636,6 +636,26 @@ config ARM64_ERRATUM_1542419
If unsure, say Y.
+config ARM64_ERRATUM_1508412
+ bool "Cortex-A77: 1508412: workaround deadlock on sequence of NC/Device load and store exclusive or PAR read"
+ default y
+ help
+ This option adds a workaround for Arm Cortex-A77 erratum 1508412.
+
+ Affected Cortex-A77 cores (r0p0, r1p0) could deadlock on a sequence
+ of a store-exclusive or read of PAR_EL1 and a load with device or
+ non-cacheable memory attributes. The workaround depends on a firmware
+ counterpart.
+
+ KVM guests must also have the workaround implemented or they can
+ deadlock the system.
+
+ Work around the issue by inserting DMB SY barriers around PAR_EL1
+ register reads and warning KVM users. The DMB barrier is sufficient
+ to prevent a speculative PAR_EL1 read.
+
+ If unsure, say Y.
+
config CAVIUM_ERRATUM_22375
bool "Cavium erratum 22375, 24313"
default y
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpucaps.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpucaps.h
index 42868dbd29fd..e7d98997c09c 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpucaps.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpucaps.h
@@ -65,7 +65,8 @@
#define ARM64_HAS_ARMv8_4_TTL 55
#define ARM64_HAS_TLB_RANGE 56
#define ARM64_MTE 57
+#define ARM64_WORKAROUND_1508412 58
-#define ARM64_NCAPS 58
+#define ARM64_NCAPS 59
#endif /* __ASM_CPUCAPS_H */
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/sysreg.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/sysreg.h
index d52c1b3ce589..174817ba119c 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/sysreg.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/sysreg.h
@@ -1007,6 +1007,7 @@
#include <linux/build_bug.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <asm/alternative.h>
#define __DEFINE_MRS_MSR_S_REGNUM \
" .irp num,0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23,24,25,26,27,28,29,30\n" \
@@ -1095,6 +1096,14 @@
write_sysreg_s(__scs_new, sysreg); \
} while (0)
+#define read_sysreg_par() ({ \
+ u64 par; \
+ asm(ALTERNATIVE("nop", "dmb sy", ARM64_WORKAROUND_1508412)); \
+ par = read_sysreg(par_el1); \
+ asm(ALTERNATIVE("nop", "dmb sy", ARM64_WORKAROUND_1508412)); \
+ par; \
+})
+
#endif
#endif /* __ASM_SYSREG_H */
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpu_errata.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpu_errata.c
index 24d75af344b1..61314fd70f13 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpu_errata.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpu_errata.c
@@ -523,6 +523,16 @@ const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities arm64_errata[] = {
.cpu_enable = cpu_enable_trap_ctr_access,
},
#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_ERRATUM_1508412
+ {
+ /* we depend on the firmware portion for correctness */
+ .desc = "ARM erratum 1508412 (kernel portion)",
+ .capability = ARM64_WORKAROUND_1508412,
+ ERRATA_MIDR_RANGE(MIDR_CORTEX_A77,
+ 0, 0,
+ 1, 0),
+ },
+#endif
{
}
};
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/entry.S b/arch/arm64/kernel/entry.S
index f30007dff35f..b295fb912b12 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/entry.S
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/entry.S
@@ -365,6 +365,9 @@ alternative_insn eret, nop, ARM64_UNMAP_KERNEL_AT_EL0
br x30
#endif
.else
+ /* Ensure any device/NC reads complete */
+ alternative_insn nop, "dmb sy", ARM64_WORKAROUND_1508412
+
eret
.endif
sb
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/arm.c b/arch/arm64/kvm/arm.c
index f56122eedffc..8f8fca47abfc 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kvm/arm.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/arm.c
@@ -1719,7 +1719,8 @@ int kvm_arch_init(void *opaque)
return -ENODEV;
}
- if (cpus_have_final_cap(ARM64_WORKAROUND_DEVICE_LOAD_ACQUIRE))
+ if (cpus_have_final_cap(ARM64_WORKAROUND_DEVICE_LOAD_ACQUIRE) ||
+ cpus_have_final_cap(ARM64_WORKAROUND_1508412))
kvm_info("Guests without required CPU erratum workarounds can deadlock system!\n" \
"Only trusted guests should be used on this system.\n");
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/include/hyp/switch.h b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/include/hyp/switch.h
index 313a8fa3c721..1f875a8f20c4 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/include/hyp/switch.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/include/hyp/switch.h
@@ -140,9 +140,9 @@ static inline bool __translate_far_to_hpfar(u64 far, u64 *hpfar)
* We do need to save/restore PAR_EL1 though, as we haven't
* saved the guest context yet, and we may return early...
*/
- par = read_sysreg(par_el1);
+ par = read_sysreg_par();
if (!__kvm_at("s1e1r", far))
- tmp = read_sysreg(par_el1);
+ tmp = read_sysreg_par();
else
tmp = SYS_PAR_EL1_F; /* back to the guest */
write_sysreg(par, par_el1);
@@ -421,7 +421,7 @@ static inline bool fixup_guest_exit(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 *exit_code)
if (cpus_have_final_cap(ARM64_WORKAROUND_CAVIUM_TX2_219_TVM) &&
kvm_vcpu_trap_get_class(vcpu) == ESR_ELx_EC_SYS64 &&
handle_tx2_tvm(vcpu))
- return true;
+ goto guest;
/*
* We trap the first access to the FP/SIMD to save the host context
@@ -431,13 +431,13 @@ static inline bool fixup_guest_exit(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 *exit_code)
* Similarly for trapped SVE accesses.
*/
if (__hyp_handle_fpsimd(vcpu))
- return true;
+ goto guest;
if (__hyp_handle_ptrauth(vcpu))
- return true;
+ goto guest;
if (!__populate_fault_info(vcpu))
- return true;
+ goto guest;
if (static_branch_unlikely(&vgic_v2_cpuif_trap)) {
bool valid;
@@ -452,7 +452,7 @@ static inline bool fixup_guest_exit(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 *exit_code)
int ret = __vgic_v2_perform_cpuif_access(vcpu);
if (ret == 1)
- return true;
+ goto guest;
/* Promote an illegal access to an SError.*/
if (ret == -1)
@@ -468,12 +468,17 @@ static inline bool fixup_guest_exit(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 *exit_code)
int ret = __vgic_v3_perform_cpuif_access(vcpu);
if (ret == 1)
- return true;
+ goto guest;
}
exit:
/* Return to the host kernel and handle the exit */
return false;
+
+guest:
+ /* Re-enter the guest */
+ asm(ALTERNATIVE("nop", "dmb sy", ARM64_WORKAROUND_1508412));
+ return true;
}
static inline void __kvm_unexpected_el2_exception(void)
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/include/hyp/sysreg-sr.h b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/include/hyp/sysreg-sr.h
index 7a986030145f..cce43bfe158f 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/include/hyp/sysreg-sr.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/include/hyp/sysreg-sr.h
@@ -43,7 +43,7 @@ static inline void __sysreg_save_el1_state(struct kvm_cpu_context *ctxt)
ctxt_sys_reg(ctxt, CONTEXTIDR_EL1) = read_sysreg_el1(SYS_CONTEXTIDR);
ctxt_sys_reg(ctxt, AMAIR_EL1) = read_sysreg_el1(SYS_AMAIR);
ctxt_sys_reg(ctxt, CNTKCTL_EL1) = read_sysreg_el1(SYS_CNTKCTL);
- ctxt_sys_reg(ctxt, PAR_EL1) = read_sysreg(par_el1);
+ ctxt_sys_reg(ctxt, PAR_EL1) = read_sysreg_par();
ctxt_sys_reg(ctxt, TPIDR_EL1) = read_sysreg(tpidr_el1);
ctxt_sys_reg(ctxt, SP_EL1) = read_sysreg(sp_el1);
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/nvhe/switch.c b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/nvhe/switch.c
index a457a0306e03..8ae8160bc93a 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/nvhe/switch.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/nvhe/switch.c
@@ -250,7 +250,7 @@ void __noreturn hyp_panic(void)
{
u64 spsr = read_sysreg_el2(SYS_SPSR);
u64 elr = read_sysreg_el2(SYS_ELR);
- u64 par = read_sysreg(par_el1);
+ u64 par = read_sysreg_par();
bool restore_host = true;
struct kvm_cpu_context *host_ctxt;
struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu;
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/vhe/switch.c b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/vhe/switch.c
index fe69de16dadc..62546e20b251 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/vhe/switch.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/vhe/switch.c
@@ -215,7 +215,7 @@ void __noreturn hyp_panic(void)
{
u64 spsr = read_sysreg_el2(SYS_SPSR);
u64 elr = read_sysreg_el2(SYS_ELR);
- u64 par = read_sysreg(par_el1);
+ u64 par = read_sysreg_par();
__hyp_call_panic(spsr, elr, par);
unreachable();
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.c b/arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.c
index d9117bc56237..41348a7781d9 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.c
@@ -95,7 +95,7 @@ static bool __vcpu_read_sys_reg_from_cpu(int reg, u64 *val)
case AMAIR_EL1: *val = read_sysreg_s(SYS_AMAIR_EL12); break;
case CNTKCTL_EL1: *val = read_sysreg_s(SYS_CNTKCTL_EL12); break;
case ELR_EL1: *val = read_sysreg_s(SYS_ELR_EL12); break;
- case PAR_EL1: *val = read_sysreg_s(SYS_PAR_EL1); break;
+ case PAR_EL1: *val = read_sysreg_par(); break;
case DACR32_EL2: *val = read_sysreg_s(SYS_DACR32_EL2); break;
case IFSR32_EL2: *val = read_sysreg_s(SYS_IFSR32_EL2); break;
case DBGVCR32_EL2: *val = read_sysreg_s(SYS_DBGVCR32_EL2); break;
diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/fault.c b/arch/arm64/mm/fault.c
index 94c99c1c19e3..1ee94002801f 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/mm/fault.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/fault.c
@@ -262,7 +262,7 @@ static bool __kprobes is_spurious_el1_translation_fault(unsigned long addr,
local_irq_save(flags);
asm volatile("at s1e1r, %0" :: "r" (addr));
isb();
- par = read_sysreg(par_el1);
+ par = read_sysreg_par();
local_irq_restore(flags);
/*

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