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path: root/utils/libmedia_dev/get_media_devices.c
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/*
   Copyright © 2011 by Mauro Carvalho Chehab

   The get_media_devices is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
   modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
   License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
   version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

   The libv4l2util Library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
   Lesser General Public License for more details.

   You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
   License along with the libv4l2util Library; if not, write to the Free
   Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Suite 500, Boston, MA
   02110-1335 USA.
 */

#include <stdio.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/sysmacros.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <dirent.h>
#include <limits.h>
#include "get_media_devices.h"

#define ARRAY_SIZE(arr) (sizeof(arr) / sizeof((arr)[0]))

/**
 * struct media_device_entry - Describes one device entry got via sysfs
 *
 * @device:		sysfs name for a device.
 *			PCI devices are like: pci0000:00/0000:00:1b.0
 *			USB devices are like: pci0000:00/0000:00:1d.7/usb1/1-8
 * @node:		Device node, in sysfs or alsa hw identifier
 * @device_type:	Type of the device (V4L_*, DVB_*, SND_*)
 */
struct media_device_entry {
	char *device;
	char *node;
	enum device_type type;
	enum bus_type bus;
	unsigned major, minor;		/* Device major/minor */
};

/**
 * struct media_devices - Describes all devices found
 *
 * @device:		sysfs name for a device.
 *			PCI devices are like: pci0000:00/0000:00:1b.0
 *			USB devices are like: pci0000:00/0000:00:1d.7/usb1/1-8
 * @node:		Device node, in sysfs or alsa hw identifier
 * @device_type:	Type of the device (V4L_*, DVB_*, SND_*)
 */
struct media_devices {
	struct media_device_entry *md_entry;
	unsigned int md_size;
};

typedef int (*fill_data_t)(struct media_device_entry *md);

#define DEVICE_STR "devices"

static void get_uevent_info(struct media_device_entry *md_ptr, char *dname)
{
	FILE *fd;
	char file[PATH_MAX + 8], *name, *p;
	char s[1024];

	snprintf(file, sizeof(file), "%s/%s/uevent", dname, md_ptr->node);
	fd = fopen(file, "r");
	if (!fd)
		return;
	while (fgets(s, sizeof(s), fd)) {
		p = strtok(s, "=");
		if (!p)
			continue;
		name = p;
		p = strtok(NULL, "\n");
		if (!p)
			continue;
		if (!strcmp(name, "MAJOR"))
			md_ptr->major = atol(p);
		else if (!strcmp(name, "MINOR"))
			md_ptr->minor = atol(p);
	}

	fclose(fd);
}

static enum bus_type get_bus(char *device)
{
	char file[PATH_MAX + 9];
	char s[1024];
	FILE *f;

	if (!strcmp(device, "/sys/devices/virtual"))
		return MEDIA_BUS_VIRTUAL;

	snprintf(file, sizeof(file), "%s/modalias", device);
	f = fopen(file, "r");
	if (!f)
		return MEDIA_BUS_UNKNOWN;
	if (!fgets(s, sizeof(s), f))
		return MEDIA_BUS_UNKNOWN;
	fclose(f);

	if (!strncmp(s, "pci", 3))
		return MEDIA_BUS_PCI;
	if (!strncmp(s, "usb", 3))
		return MEDIA_BUS_USB;

	return MEDIA_BUS_UNKNOWN;
}

static int get_class(char *class,
		     struct media_device_entry **md,
		     unsigned int *md_size,
		     fill_data_t fill)
{
	DIR		*dir;
	struct dirent	*entry;
	char		dname[PATH_MAX];
	char		fname[PATH_MAX + sizeof(entry->d_name)];
	char		link[PATH_MAX];
	char		virt_dev[60];
	int		err = -2;
	struct		media_device_entry *md_ptr = NULL;
	char		*p, *device;
	enum bus_type	bus;
	static int	virtual = 0;

	snprintf(dname, PATH_MAX, "/sys/class/%s", class);
	dir = opendir(dname);
	if (!dir) {
		return 0;
	}
	for (entry = readdir(dir); entry; entry = readdir(dir)) {
		/* Skip . and .. */
		if (entry->d_name[0] == '.')
			continue;
		/* Canonicalize the device name */
		snprintf(fname, sizeof(fname), "%s/%s", dname, entry->d_name);
		if (realpath(fname, link)) {
			device = link;

			/* Remove the subsystem/class_name from the string */
			p = strstr(device, class);
			if (!p)
				continue;
			*(p - 1) = '\0';

			bus = get_bus(device);

			/* remove the /sys/devices/ from the name */
			device += 13;

			switch (bus) {
			case MEDIA_BUS_PCI:
				/* Remove the device function nr */
				p = strrchr(device, '.');
				if (!p)
					continue;
				*p = '\0';
				break;
			case MEDIA_BUS_USB:
				/* Remove USB interface from the path */
				p = strrchr(device, '/');
				if (!p)
					continue;
				/* In case we have a device where the driver
				   attaches directly to the usb device rather
				   then to an interface */
				if (!strchr(p, ':'))
					break;
				*p = '\0';
				break;
			case MEDIA_BUS_VIRTUAL:
				/* Don't group virtual devices */
				sprintf(virt_dev, "virtual%d", virtual++);
				device = virt_dev;
				break;
			case MEDIA_BUS_UNKNOWN:
				break;
			}

			/* Add one more element to the devices struct */
			*md = realloc(*md, (*md_size + 1) * sizeof(*md_ptr));
			if (!*md)
				goto error;
			md_ptr = (*md) + *md_size;
			(*md_size)++;

			/* Cleans previous data and fills it with device/node */
			memset(md_ptr, 0, sizeof(*md_ptr));
			md_ptr->type = UNKNOWN;
			md_ptr->device = strdup(device);
			md_ptr->node = strdup(entry->d_name);

			/* Retrieve major and minor information */
			get_uevent_info(md_ptr, dname);

			/* Used to identify the type of node */
			fill(md_ptr);
		}
	}
	err = 0;
error:
	closedir(dir);
	return err;
}

static int add_v4l_class(struct media_device_entry *md)
{
	if (strstr(md->node, "video"))
		md->type = MEDIA_V4L_VIDEO;
	else if (strstr(md->node, "vbi"))
		md->type = MEDIA_V4L_VBI;
	else if (strstr(md->node, "swradio"))
		md->type = MEDIA_V4L_SWRADIO;
	else if (strstr(md->node, "radio"))
		md->type = MEDIA_V4L_RADIO;
	else if (strstr(md->node, "v4l-touch"))
		md->type = MEDIA_V4L_TOUCH;
	else if (strstr(md->node, "v4l-subdev"))
		md->type = MEDIA_V4L_SUBDEV;

	return 0;
};

static int add_snd_class(struct media_device_entry *md)
{
	unsigned c = 65535, d = 65535;
	char node[64];

	if (strstr(md->node, "timer")) {
		md->type = MEDIA_SND_TIMER;
		return 0;
	} else if (strstr(md->node, "seq")) {
		md->type = MEDIA_SND_SEQ;
		return 0;
	} if (strstr(md->node, "card")) {
		sscanf(md->node, "card%u", &c);
		md->type = MEDIA_SND_CARD;
	} else if (strstr(md->node, "hw")) {
		sscanf(md->node, "hwC%uD%u", &c, &d);
		md->type = MEDIA_SND_HW;
	} else if (strstr(md->node, "control")) {
		sscanf(md->node, "controlC%u", &c);
		md->type = MEDIA_SND_CONTROL;
	} else if (strstr(md->node, "pcm")) {
		sscanf(md->node, "pcmC%uD%u", &c, &d);
		if (md->node[strlen(md->node) - 1] == 'p')
			md->type = MEDIA_SND_OUT;
		else if (md->node[strlen(md->node) - 1] == 'c')
			md->type = MEDIA_SND_CAP;
	}

	if (c == 65535)
		return 0;

	/* Reformat device to be useful for alsa userspace library */
	if (d == 65535)
		snprintf(node, sizeof(node), "hw:%u", c);
	else
		snprintf(node, sizeof(node), "hw:%u,%u", c, d);

	free(md->node);
	md->node = strdup(node);

	return 0;
};

static int add_dvb_class(struct media_device_entry *md)
{
	if (strstr(md->node, "video"))
		md->type = MEDIA_DVB_VIDEO;
	if (strstr(md->node, "audio"))
		md->type = MEDIA_DVB_AUDIO;
	if (strstr(md->node, "sec"))
		md->type = MEDIA_DVB_SEC;
	if (strstr(md->node, "frontend"))
		md->type = MEDIA_DVB_FRONTEND;
	else if (strstr(md->node, "demux"))
		md->type = MEDIA_DVB_DEMUX;
	else if (strstr(md->node, "dvr"))
		md->type = MEDIA_DVB_DVR;
	else if (strstr(md->node, "net"))
		md->type = MEDIA_DVB_NET;
	else if (strstr(md->node, "ca"))
		md->type = MEDIA_DVB_CA;
	else if (strstr(md->node, "osd"))
		md->type = MEDIA_DVB_OSD;

	return 0;
};

static int sort_media_device_entry(const void *a, const void *b)
{
	const struct media_device_entry *md_a = a;
	const struct media_device_entry *md_b = b;
	int cmp;

	cmp = strcmp(md_a->device, md_b->device);
	if (cmp)
		return cmp;
	cmp = (int)md_a->type - (int)md_b->type;
	if (cmp)
		return cmp;

	return strcmp(md_a->node, md_b->node);
}


/* Public functions */

void free_media_devices(void *opaque)
{
	struct media_devices *md = opaque;
	struct media_device_entry *md_ptr = md->md_entry;
	int i;
	for (i = 0; i < md->md_size; i++) {
		free(md_ptr->node);
		free(md_ptr->device);
		md_ptr++;
	}
	free(md->md_entry);
	free(md);
}

void *discover_media_devices(void)
{
	struct media_devices *md = NULL;
	struct media_device_entry *md_entry = NULL;

	md = calloc(1, sizeof(*md));
	if (!md)
		return NULL;

	md->md_size = 0;
	if (get_class("video4linux", &md_entry, &md->md_size, add_v4l_class))
		goto error;
	if (get_class("sound", &md_entry, &md->md_size, add_snd_class))
		goto error;
	if (get_class("dvb", &md_entry, &md->md_size, add_dvb_class))
		goto error;

	/* There's no media device */
	if (!md_entry)
		goto error;

	qsort(md_entry, md->md_size, sizeof(*md_entry), sort_media_device_entry);

	md->md_entry = md_entry;

	return md;

error:
	free_media_devices(md);
	return NULL;
}

const char *media_device_type(enum device_type type)
{
	switch(type) {
		/* V4L nodes */
	case MEDIA_V4L_VIDEO:
		return  "video";
	case MEDIA_V4L_VBI:
		return  "vbi";
	case MEDIA_V4L_RADIO:
		return "radio";
	case MEDIA_V4L_SWRADIO:
		return "swradio";
	case MEDIA_V4L_TOUCH:
		return "v4l-touch";
	case MEDIA_V4L_SUBDEV:
		return "v4l subdevice";

		/* DVB nodes */
	case MEDIA_DVB_VIDEO:
		return  "dvb video";
	case MEDIA_DVB_AUDIO:
		return  "dvb audio";
	case MEDIA_DVB_SEC:
		return  "dvb sec";
	case MEDIA_DVB_FRONTEND:
		return  "dvb frontend";
	case MEDIA_DVB_DEMUX:
		return  "dvb demux";
	case MEDIA_DVB_DVR:
		return  "dvb dvr";
	case MEDIA_DVB_NET:
		return  "dvb net";
	case MEDIA_DVB_CA:
		return  "dvb conditional access";
	case MEDIA_DVB_OSD:
		return  "dvb OSD";

		/* Alsa nodes */
	case MEDIA_SND_CARD:
		return  "sound card";
	case MEDIA_SND_CAP:
		return  "pcm capture";
	case MEDIA_SND_OUT:
		return  "pcm output";
	case MEDIA_SND_CONTROL:
		return  "mixer";
	case MEDIA_SND_HW:
		return  "sound hardware";
	case MEDIA_SND_TIMER:
		return  "sound timer";
	case MEDIA_SND_SEQ:
		return  "sound sequencer";

	default:
		return "unknown";
	};
}

void display_media_devices(void *opaque)
{
	struct media_devices *md = opaque;
	struct media_device_entry *md_ptr = md->md_entry;
	int i;
	char *prev = "";

	for (i = 0; i < md->md_size; i++) {
		if (strcmp(prev, md_ptr->device)) {
			printf("\nDevice %s:\n\t", md_ptr->device);
			prev = md_ptr->device;
		}
		printf("%s(%s, dev %i:%i) ", md_ptr->node,
		       media_device_type(md_ptr->type),
		       md_ptr->major, md_ptr->minor);
		md_ptr++;
	}
	printf("\n");
}

const char *get_associated_device(void *opaque,
				  const char *last_seek,
				  const enum device_type desired_type,
				  const char *seek_device,
				  const enum device_type seek_type)
{
	struct media_devices *md = opaque;
	struct media_device_entry *md_ptr = md->md_entry;
	int i, found = 0;
	char *prev, *p;

	if (seek_type != NONE && seek_device[0]) {
		/* Get just the device name */
		p = strrchr(seek_device, '/');
		if (p)
			seek_device = p + 1;

		/* Step 1: Find the seek node */
		for (i = 0; i < md->md_size; i++, md_ptr++) {
			if (last_seek && md_ptr->type == seek_type &&
			    !strcmp(md_ptr->node, last_seek)) {
				found = 1;
				continue;
			}
			if (last_seek && !found)
				continue;
			if (md_ptr->type == seek_type &&
			    !strcmp(seek_device, md_ptr->node))
				break;
		}
		if (i == md->md_size)
			return NULL;
		i++;
		prev = md_ptr->device;
		md_ptr++;
		/* Step 2: find the associated node */
		for (; i < md->md_size && !strcmp(prev, md_ptr->device); i++, md_ptr++) {
			if (last_seek && md_ptr->type == seek_type &&
			    !strcmp(md_ptr->node, last_seek)) {
				found = 1;
				continue;
			}
			if (last_seek && !found)
				continue;
			if (md_ptr->type == desired_type)
				return md_ptr->node;
		}
	} else {
		for (i = 0; i < md->md_size; i++, md_ptr++) {
			if (last_seek && !strcmp(md_ptr->node, last_seek)) {
				found = 1;
				continue;
			}
			if (last_seek && !found)
				continue;
			if (md_ptr->type == desired_type)
				return md_ptr->node;
		}
	}

	return NULL;
}

const char *fget_associated_device(void *opaque,
				   const char *last_seek,
				   const enum device_type desired_type,
				   const int fd_seek_device,
				   const enum device_type seek_type)
{
	struct media_devices *md = opaque;
	struct media_device_entry *md_ptr = md->md_entry;
	struct stat f_status;
	unsigned int dev_major, dev_minor;
	int i, found = 0;
	char *prev;

	if (fstat(fd_seek_device, &f_status)) {
		perror("Can't get file status");
		return NULL;
	}
	if (!S_ISCHR(f_status.st_mode)) {
		fprintf(stderr, "File descriptor is not a char device\n");
		return NULL;
	}
	dev_major = major(f_status.st_rdev);
	dev_minor = minor(f_status.st_rdev);

	/* Step 1: Find the seek node */
	for (i = 0; i < md->md_size; i++, md_ptr++) {
		if (last_seek && md_ptr->type == seek_type
		    && md_ptr->major == dev_major
		    && md_ptr->minor == dev_minor) {
			found = 1;
			continue;
		}
		if (last_seek && !found)
			continue;
		if (md_ptr->type == seek_type
		    && md_ptr->major == dev_major
		    && md_ptr->minor == dev_minor)
			break;
	}
	if (i == md->md_size)
		return NULL;
	i++;
	prev = md_ptr->device;
	md_ptr++;
	/* Step 2: find the associated node */
	for (; i < md->md_size && !strcmp(prev, md_ptr->device); i++, md_ptr++) {
		if (last_seek && md_ptr->type == seek_type
		    && md_ptr->major == dev_major
		    && md_ptr->minor == dev_minor) {
			found = 1;
			continue;
		}
		if (last_seek && !found)
			continue;
		if (md_ptr->type == desired_type)
			return md_ptr->node;
	}
	return NULL;
}

const char *get_not_associated_device(void *opaque,
				      const char *last_seek,
				      const enum device_type desired_type,
				      const enum device_type not_desired_type)
{
	struct media_devices *md = opaque;
	struct media_device_entry *md_ptr = md->md_entry;
	int i, skip = 0, found = 0;
	char *prev = "", *result = NULL;

	/* Step 1: Find a device without seek_type node */
	for (i = 0; i < md->md_size; i++, md_ptr++) {
		if (last_seek && !strcmp(md_ptr->node, last_seek)) {
			found = 1;
			continue;
		}
		if (last_seek && !found)
			continue;
		if (strcmp(prev, md_ptr->device)) {
			if (!skip && result)
				break;
			prev = md_ptr->device;
			skip = 0;
			result = NULL;
		}
		if (md_ptr->type == not_desired_type)
			skip = 1;
		else if (!skip && !result && md_ptr->type == desired_type)
			result = md_ptr->node;
	}
	if (skip)
		result = NULL;

	return result;
}

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